DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS 31 JANUARY 2019

National News 

Israel Aerospace Industries Announces Agreement With Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard

i. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) announced entering into agreements worth $93 million this for providing Naval Medium Range Surface-to-Air Missile (MRSAM) systems to India. The contracts for the air defence system were entered with the Indian Navy and the Cochin Shipyard.

ii. Under the contracts, IAI will provide complementary systems for the air defense system. They involve follow up orders for a range of maintenance and other services for various sub-systems of IAI’s advanced MSRAM ADS.

Useful Info-

  • Israel Capital: Jerusalem, Currency: Israeli new shekel.

Maharashtra Launched Special Scheme To Curb Infant Deaths

i. The Maharashtra government launched a special scheme to curb infant deaths. Child Development Minister Pankaja Munde distributed baby-care kits to the children born in primary health centers and government hospitals.

ii. The scheme is applicable only for the first child and will benefit around four lakh women across the state, Women. The cost of the kit is around Rs 2,000.ne in future. 

Scientists Develop Artificial Pancreas Smartphone App For Diabetics

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i. Scientists have developed an artificial pancreas smartphone app that will help in regulating blood sugar levels in diabetes patients. This app is capable of interfacing wirelessly with glucose monitors, insulin pump devices, and decision-making algorithms.
ii. A clinical trial showed that the artificial pancreas system (iAPS) app is safe. The app is effective in regulating glucose levels under challenging conditions and is suitable for use in unconstrained environments.

International News

Italy, UN, Launch Africa Centre For Climate And Sustainable Development

i. Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte along with UN representative has launched Africa Centre for Climate and Sustainable development.The new center is located near the Food and Agriculture Organization headquarters in Rome.

ii. The major objective is boosting the agricultural sectors and promoting rural development in Africa. It will help in implementing the goals of the UN’s 2030 Agenda and the landmark 2015 Paris Climate Agreement to stop depending on fossil fuel and cap global warming.

Useful Info-

  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Headquarters: Rome, Italy, Director General: Jose Graziano da Silva.

UK Parliament Approves Brexit Amendment on Replacing Irish Backstop

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i. In Britain, lawmakers voted in favor of an amendment in BREXIT plan seeking alternative arrangements to replace the Irish border arrangement known as the Irish backstop. The amendment calls for the backstop to be replaced with unspecified “alternative arrangements” to avoid the reintroduction of border checks in Ireland.

ii. The backstop is aimed at keeping an open border between European Union-member Ireland and British-ruled Northern Ireland after Brexit. Another amendment, rejecting a no-deal Brexit, also won the support of Parliament. 

UAE, Saudi Central Banks Launch Common Digital Currency Called ‘Aber’

i. The central banks of the UAE and Saudi Arabia have launched a common digital currency called “Aber“, which will be used in financial settlements between the two countries through Blockchains and Distributed Ledgers technologies.

ii. Through this digital currency, both the United Arab Emirates Central Bank (UAECB) and the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) are studying the impact on the improvement and reduction of remittance costs and the assessments of risks.

Important Days

World Leprosy Eradication Day: 30th January

i. 30th January 2019, is celebrated as World Leprosy Eradication Daywhich stresses the need of eradicating the disease. It also brings to light the discrimination and stigma that people suffer from society every day.

ii. This year’s theme for World Leprosy Day is ‘ending discrimination, stigma, and prejudice’. Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease is a highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.

Appointments

LT Gen Rajeev Chopra Takes Over as Director General of NCC

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i. Lt Gen Rajeev Chopra assumed the appointment of Director General of NCC (DGNCC). Commissioned in the Madras Regiment in December 1980, Lt Gen Chopra is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla and Indian Military Academy, Dehradun.
ii. Lt Gen Rajeev Chopra has commanded an infantry battalion in Operation Rhino (Assam). He has commanded a Brigade in Eastern Command and was Inspector General of HQ IGAR (South) in the insurgency-torn state of Manipur. 

 

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