CLAT Syllabus

It has been decided by CLAT Organizing body that CLAT 2019 will be conducted in offline mode. However it is still under consideration. The paper will have 200 questions from five different subjects including English (Comprehension), General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning. Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:

UG Programme

Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:

  1. English including comprehension:
    The English section will test the candidate’s proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be assessed on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
  2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs:
    The General knowledge will be evaluated on the general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test the candidate’s on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.
  3. Mathematics:
    This section will test the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e., maths taught upto 10th Class/Standard.
  4. Legal Aptitude:
    This section will test the candidate’s interest towards the study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions may include legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.
  5. Logical Reasoning:
    The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.
The pattern of Question Paper for the UG Courses in CLAT 2019

(a)

Maximum Marks

  200

(b)

Duration of CLAT 2019 Exam

  02:00 Hours

(c)

Multiple-Choice Questions

  200 questions of one mark each

(d)

Subject areas with weight-age:

1. English including comprehension

40 Marks

2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs

50 Marks

3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)

20 Marks

4. Legal Aptitude

50 Marks

5. Logical Reasoning

40 Marks

(e)

Negative Marking

  0.25 Mark for each wrong answer

The pattern of Question Paper and syllabus for the PG Programme in CLAT 2019

The pattern of the question paper for admission to the Post-Graduate Course for CLAT 2019 is as under:

(a)

Maximum Marks

  150

(b)

Duration of CLAT 2019 Exam

  02:00 Hours

(c)

Multiple-Choice Questions

  150 questions of one mark each

(d)

Syllabus

 Questions will be asked from the following areas of Law:

1. Constitutional Law

50 Marks

2. Jurisprudence

50 Marks

3. Other Law Subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.

50 Marks

(e)

Negative Marking

  0.25 Mark will be deducted for each wrong answer

HOW CLAT 2019 GOING OFFLINE CAN BENEFIT YOU ?

The announcement that CLAT 2019 is going to be conducted in the conventional paper-pencil mode has come as a shocker to many students as it sounds like a throwback to the olden days of competitive exams.

But, this could be a blessing in disguise for many of you as an offline test carries a lot of benefits as compared to an online test. Listed below are some of them:

1. EASE OF BROWSING THROUGH :
In an offline test, it is easy to move to any page and question of the test, hence enabling you to score more as compared to an online test.

2. ZERO TECHNICAL GLITCHES: CLAT 18 was a nightmare for many a student because of the technical issues it threw at them. Many deserving students lost their chances of getting into an NLU and had to waste a precious year of preparation. There is no room for technical glitches in offline papers which is heartening.

3. LESS PRESSURE DUE TO ABSENCE OF THE ONLINE TIMER:

Many students have reported that the reverse counting that goes on the online timer increases their heartbeat and creates a lot of pressure which will not be the case now.
Although this timer will be replaced by wrist watches, students are less likely to look into the watch every now and then and take unnecessary pressure on them.

4. INCREASE IN READING SPEED: Text written on a paper is easy to read and understand than that on the computer screen. Also underlining the important parts for further reference becomes easy now.
Your newspaper reading habit will now yield better results

5. ROUGH WORK BECOMES EASY:
Although, even in offline tests rough sheets are given to students, there is nothing easier than scribbling on the question paper itself which gives you supersonic speeds in the exam. This is possible now.

These were some of the benefits of an offline test over an online test and if prepared in the right way, you can ace it in style.

DOWNSIDES OF AN OFFLINE TEST:

1. INCONSISTENCY BY THE INVIGILATORS :

The timing, i.e start and end, of an offline paper is generally in hands of the invigilators and some of them give a minute or two more to a classroom whereas some distribute the papers late and hence, steal the students’ precious minutes. These inconsistencies will now recur with the adoption of the offline paper.

2. SCORCHING HEAT AND CLASSROOMS: An online test is generally conducted in air-conditioned computer labs opposed to the offline tests which are conducted generally in uncomfortable government schools and colleges which makes it difficult for students to handle the May heat.

3. CHEATING AND CENTRE RIGGING ISSUES: It has happened many a times in the past that mass copying and centre rigging issues have take place in some of the notorious states.
These issues may recur.

4. DELAY IN RESULTS: Offline paper checking is a tedious process and hence may delay the results which is never the case in online tests.

 

For CLAT 2019 Preparation & Personal Mentorship Call: +91-8889344974

Legal Reasoning Quiz for Workshop

Answer 10 Simple Legal Reasoning Questions and enroll yourself for 2 Days Legal Terms & Maxims workshop

Name
Contact No.
Email
1.

According to the Constitution, under Article 18(1), no title shall be conferred by the State except:

2.

Principle: Any act done in good faith without the consent of another person and for his benefit is not an offence. He must not intend to commit an offence.


Facts: Z is thrown from his horse and is unconscious. A, a surgeon finds that Z needs to be operated upon  immediately. A, not intending to cause Z's death performs the surgery as a result of which Z dies. Is A guilty of any offence?

3.

Under the Eighth Schedule, how many languages are mentioned?

4.

‘Delegatus non potest delegare’ means

5.

Principle: An injury caused by an activity within the statutory authority of an agency cannot give rise to a tort claim.


Facts: The road between Park Circus and Park Street in Kolkata has developed a series of potholes and around half a day's work is required to repair it. The Municipal Corporation of Kolkata blocks off the road and repairs it from 8 am to 6 pm. As a result of the blockage, several people are late for work. Some of them particularly suffer tremendous loss as they are late for an important meeting. They bring a suit for nuisance against the MCK. Will they succeed?

6.

Principle: Even if the sovereign functions of the State are discharged negligently, the State is not vicariously liable in tort.


Facts: A was a trader in gold. He was arrested by police and several articles, including gold were seized by the police and kept in the malkhana. Later he was discharged and his things were returned to him except gold which was stolen from the malkhana .  Is the State liable?

7.

Principle: Frustration of contract means happening of an event by which the contract becomes impossible of performance. Such a contract becomes void upon the happening of an impossible event.


Facts: A contracts to take in cargo for B at a foreign port. A's Government afterwards declares war against B's country. Does the contract become void on declaration of war?

8.

Principles:


(i) A contract is made by undue influence when one party to the contract is in a position to dominate the other's other will and causes the other party to enter into the contract.


(ii) A contract induced by undue influence is voidable by the party subjected to undue Influence.


Facts: A man weakened by age and disease agrees to pay his medical attendant an unreasonable sum for his services, as a result of his influence over the old man. Can the old man avoid the contract?

9.

Principles:


(i) No fault liability means liability of a person even without any negligent act on his part and even if he has taken due care and caution.


(ii) If a person brings and keeps any dangerous thing on his land, then he is liable for any damage caused if the thing escapes.


Facts : A branch of tree growing on A's land overhanging on the highway suddenly fell on B's vehicle passing along the highway. A was careful with pruning the branches as and when it was required. B sued A for damages. Is B liable?

10.

Ceteris Paribus means :


DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS SEPTEMBER 20, 2018

ICAP: India first country in world to develop document on cooling action plan

Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on eve of World Ozone Day (16th September) released draft India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP). It makes India first country in world to develop such document. The draft was prepared by Ozone Cell  of MoEFC.  It aims to provide sustainable cooling while keeping in mind, at the same time, the need to protect the ozone layer from substances that can deplete it. It provides a 20-year perspective, with projections for cooling needs in 2037-38.

NITI Aayog calls for clear policy on shifting cultivation

NITI Aayog in its recently report has recommended that Ministry of Agriculture to take up mission on shifting cultivation to ensure inter-ministerial convergence between different ministries. The report was titled “Mission on Shifting Cultivation: Towards a Transformational Approach”.

India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project inaugurated along Indo-Pak border

India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project was inaugurated along two 5-km each patches of India-Pakistan International Border Jammu and Kashmir. It was launched by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh from Border Security Force (BSF) Headquarters in Ploura, J&K.

President Launches Logo, Web Portal For Mahatma’s Birth Anniversary

President Ram Nath Kovindlaunched a logo and web portal for the upcoming celebrations of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The portal – gov.in is participatory in nature and all participating organisations will be able to upload their activities regarding the commemoration of the occasion.

It also has a unique feature Gandhipedia which will be a repository of Gandhian knowledge and will continue to grow with time. The logo and web portal is part of the two-year-long celebrations from October 2, 2018 to October 2, 2020 across the country and on foreign soil to mark the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation.

India committed to become $5 tn economy by 2025: Naidu

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Vice President Venkaiah Naidu said that India is committed to be a five trillion dollar economy by 2025 while addressing at the India-Malta Business Forum in Floriana, Malta.

PM to lay foundation stone for India International Convention and Expo Centre

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The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will lay the foundation stone for India International Convention and Expo Centre (IICC) at Dwarka, New Delhi, on September 20, 2018.

India-Bangladesh Friendship Pipeline Project construction launched

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina jointly launched the construction of India-Bangladesh Friendship Product Pipeline Project through video conferencing. It is first such pipeline through which refined diesel will be supplied to Bangladesh from India.

USEFUL INFO
Bangladesh Capital Dhaka
Currency Taka
PM Sheikh Hasina

AAI to develop project report for Sri Lanka’s Palaly airport

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State-owned Airports Authority of India (AAI)will prepare a detailed project report for development of Palaly airport in Sri Lanka. This would be the first project for the AAI in the island nation.

USEFUL INFO
Srilanka Capital Colombo, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency Rupee
President Ranil Wickremesinghe

Maharashtra Government to set up new Cyber University

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Maharashtra Government is setting up new Cyber University dedicated to mitigating cyber threats. It will train 3,000 professionals to fight online space cyber-attacks, internet crimes and conduct cyber forensics.

USEFUL INFO
Maharashtra Capital Mumbai
CM Devendra Fadnavis
Governor Chinamani Vidyasagar Rao

World Bank to lend $74 mn for workforce training in Uttarakhand

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Indiasigned a $74 million loan agreement with the World Bank for the Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project. The project aims to improve the quality and relevance of training at priority Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and to increase the number of workers relevant to the labour market through short-term training in the state.

USEFUL INFO
Uttarakhand Capital Dehradun
CM Trivendra Singh Rawat
Governor Baby Rani Maurya

Odisha CM launches star-rating system for industries to reduce air pollution

Odisha government-introduced a system to rate industries based on the amount of pollutants generated by them. They will be given star rating from one to fivewith the most polluting industry getting one star while the industry with highest compliance rate with pollution control norms will get five stars.

USEFUL INFO
Orissa Capital Bhubaneswar
CM Naveen Patnaik
Governor Ganeshi Lal

Salman Inaugurates Special Children’s Centre Umang In Jaipur

Salman Khanwill officially inaugurate “Umang“, a centre for special children in Jaipur. After unveiling the plaque, he will meet the children and see the services provided by the centre for rehabilitating them.

USEFUL INFO
Rajasthan Capital Jaipur
CM Vasundra Raje
Governor Kalyan Singh

Government inks US$ 74 Million loan agreement for Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project

Union Government has inked US$74 million loan agreement for International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Credit for Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP).

Interest Rates on PPF, NSC, Other Small Savings Schemes Raised

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The government has raised interest rates on Small Savings Schemes (SSS),including National Savings Certificate (NSC) and Public Provident Fund (PPF) by up to 4% for the October-December quarter, in line with rising deposit rates in the banks. Interest rates for small savings schemes are notified on a quarterly basis.

Sl.
No.
Instrument Rate of interest
(01.07.2018 to 30.09.2018)
Rate of interest
(01.10.2018 to 31.12.2018)
Compounding frequency
1. Savings Deposit 4.0 4.0 Annually
2. 1 Year Time Deposit 6.6 6.9 Quarterly
3. 2 Year Time Deposit 6.7 7.0 Quarterly
4. 3 Year Time Deposit 6.9 7.2 Quarterly
5. 5 Year Time Deposit 7.4 7.8 Quarterly
6. 5 Year Recurring Deposit 6.9 7.3 Quarterly
7. 5 Year Senior Citizen Savings Scheme 8.3 8.7 Quarterly and paid
8. 5 Year Monthly Income Account 7.3 7.7 Monthly and paid
9. 5 Year National Savings Certificate 7.6 8.0 Annually
10. Public Provident Fund Scheme 7.6 8.0 Annually
11. Kisan Vikas Patra 7.3 (will mature in 118 months) 7.7 (will mature in 112 months) Annually
12. Sukanya Samriddhi Account Scheme 8.1 8.5 Annually

Government Appoints New MD & CEOs At 10 PSBs:

The government of India cleared the appointment of Chief Executive Officers and Managing Directors (CEOs and MDs) at 10 Public Sector Banks (PSBs).

Sl.No Banks Headquarters Chief Executive Officers and Managing Directors Tagline
1 Andhra Bank Hyderabad Packirisamy Where India Banks
2 Allahabad Bank. Kolkata SS Mallikarajuna Rao A Tradition of Trust
3 Bank of Maharashtra Pune AS Rajeev One family one bank
4 Central Bank of India Mumbai Pallav Mohapatra “Central To you Since 1911”
5 Dena Bank Mumbai Karnam Shekhar Trusted Family Bank
6 Indian Bank Chennai Padmaja Chandru Your Tech- Friendly Bank
7 Punjab & Sind Bank New Delhi S Harisankar Where service is a way of life
8 Syndicate Bank Manipal Mrutyunjay Mahapatra Faithful. Friendly

Or

Faithful and Friendly

9 United Bank Of India Kolkata Ashok Kumar Pradhan The Bank that begins with “U”
10 UCO Bank Kolkata Atul Kumar Goel Honours Your Trust

Varun Dhawan and Anushka Sharma signed as ambassadors of Skill India Campaign

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Actors Varun Dhawan and Anushka Sharma have been signed on to promote and endorse the Skill India Mission, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Delhi airport gets top honour at ASQ Awards 2017

The national capital’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA)has bagged the title of Best Airport to handle over 40 million passengers per annum (MPPA) by the Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Awards 2017.

7th UNWTO Global Summit on Urban Tourism held in Seoul

7th UNWTO Global Summit on Urban Tourism was held in Seoul, capital of South Korea from 16 to 19 September, 2018. The theme of the summit was ‘A 2030 Vision for Urban Tourism’. The summit was co-organized by World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and Seoul Metropolitan Government and supported by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of South Korea Korea Tourism Organization and Seoul Tourism Organization.

Sundeep Misra to write a book on sprinter Dutee Chand, Story So Far

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The incredible story of Dutee Chand, who rose from abject poverty to become one of India’s biggest sprinting stars, will be brought alive in the form of a book titled as, “Story so far” by Sundeep Misra.

Government, FAO launches agriculture project in 5 states with $33.5 million GEF grant

Union government (Agriculture and Environment ministries) along with UN body Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has launched agriculture project that seeks to bring transformative change in farm sector through conservation of biodiversity and forest landscapes. It will be implemented in five states viz. Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.

The project is being funded with US $33.5 million grant from Global Environment Facility (GEF). It aims to transform agricultural production to generate global environmental benefits by addressing biodiversity conservation, land degradation, climate change mitigation and sustainable forest management. It strives to bring harmony between conservation and development efforts of the country.

ESIC Approves Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna For Cash Relief To Unemployed Insured Persons

The Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC)has approved a new scheme- Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna for Insured Persons covered under the Employees’ State Insurance Act. This scheme is a relief payable in cash directly to their Bank Account in case of unemployment and while they search for new engagement.

Government launches e-Sahaj portal to facilitate security clearances of businesses

Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has launched e-Sahaj portal to facilitate individuals and private companies in seeking security clearance for setting up businesses in certain sensitive sectors. The portal aims to bring greater transparency in according security clearances to business proposals relating to sensitive sectors and geographical locations.

Website, helpline number launched for prospective beneficiaries of Ayushman Bharat+

The National Health Agency (NHA), the apex body implementing the Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM), has launched a website and a helpline number to help prospective beneficiaries check if their name is there in the final list. One can visit the websitepmjay.gov.in or call up the helpline (14555) to check their enrolment.

DAC approves procurement of upgraded Akash missile system

Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman given approval to Indian Army for inducting upgraded variant of indigenously developed Akash short-range surface-to-air missile (SRSAM) system.

Exercise Aviaindra-18 Commences at Lipetsk (Russia)

Exercise Aviaindra is an Air Force level exercise between India and the Russian Federation. First Aviaindra was conducted in 2014 and has been planned as a bi-annual exercise.

18 Sept 2018, CURRENT AFFAIRS

Public sector banking reforms: Unification of state-owned banks

In news

Public sector banking reforms

  • The Centre proposed the unification of state-owned banks – Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank – to create India’s third largest bank.
  • Merger to provide total business of more than ₹14.82 trillion.
  • After getting in-principle approval, the banks will take steps in accordance with the law and SEBI requirements.
  • The final scheme will be notified by the Central government in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India.
  • The merger will be based purely on commercial considerations.

Why was the decision taken?

  • India aspiring to be the fastest growing economy has to be supported by stronger and globally competitive banks with increased choices to the stakeholders.
  • Dena Bank has been placed under the prompt corrective action framework (It is in a bad shape with higher NPAshigher cost to income and falling profitability).
  • So the idea is to merge the weaker bank with stronger bank (BoB and Vijaya Bank) so that it would be a strong competitive bank with economies of scale.
  • The entity would also be positioned for substantial rise in customer base, market reach and operational efficiency.
  • The amalgamation is aimed at catering the massive credit requirements of the growing economy, and cutting costs as well as dependence on the government for capital infusion in the longer term.

Do you know?

  • The proposal of fewer but stronger state-run lenders was originally mooted in 1991.
  • Narasimhan report on banking reforms had recommended merger of public sector banks to make them stronger
  • It had envisaged a three-tier banking structure with three large banks with international presence at the top, eight to 10 national banks at tier two, and a large number of regional and local banks at the bottom.

Machines will rule workplace by 2025: “The Future of Jobs 2018” report by WEF

In news

  • The Future of Jobs 2018” report by WEF predicts that the rise of robotics will result in machines performing more tasks on the job than humans by 2025.
  • The trend could displace 75 million jobs globally by 2022.
  • The report surveyed executives from different industries around the world, aiming to get a look at how new technologies, like artificial intelligence, will affect the global labor force.

Pic: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/jx4v0t/article24970905.ece/alternates/FREE_615/th18machinescol

Details of the report

  • In 2018, humans performed an average of 71% of total task hours across the 12 industries spanning manufacturing, services and high tech.
  • By 2025, that will drop to just 48%, according to the WEF. Machines will perform the remaining 52%.
  • Globally, almost half of all companies expect automation to cut their full-time workforce in the next four years;
  • However, new jobs will still lead to a net gain in employment opportunities if sufficient reskilling is done.
  • In India, 54% of employees in these sectors will need reskilling by 2022
  • Of this 35% would need at least six months’ worth of reskilling,
  • 10% would need more than a year of training in order to meet the demands of the new economy

Significance

  • Roles that rely on human skills, like sales, marketing and scientific-based positions, will likely see an increase in demand.
  • The report calls on businesses and government leaders around the world to create a support system for their employees and ensure a smooth transition as the workforce evolves.

Fluoride contamination in Odisha

In news

  • School Children in Odisha’s Nuapada district are facing the brunt of Flouride Contamination with potable water sources in as many as 54 schools and anganwadi premises testing for fluoride presence beyond permissible limits.
  • Laboratory tests found 5.25 mg per litre fluoride content in water.
  • Consumption of water having fluoride content above 1.5 mg per litre is considered dangerous to health.
  • In 2018-19, drinking water sources in eight schools in Nayagarh, seven in Balangir and eight in Kalahandi districts were found to be fluoride contaminated.

Health Issues

  • Prolonged consumption of fluoride-contaminated water leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis.
  • Mottled Teeth and crippled backbone and limbs are manifestation of the disease.
  • Bones in children are in formation stage while fluoride tends to damage bones.

Maharashtra to set up cyber varsity

In news

The Maharashtra Government has taken the first step towards setting up a varsity dedicated to mitigating cyber threats. It has set aside 80 crore for the first round of its funding.

What was the need?

  • A 2015 skill gap analysis for Maharashtra by the consultancy firm KPMG had pointed to a gap of 1.5 crore professionals in 10 sectors. Of these, there was a greater shortfall in the IoT and Cyber Forensics sectors. The new varsity will bridge this skill gap
  • The current supply of cyber professionals in the country is about a lakh while the demand hovers around 30 lakh.
  • A cyber-attack is taking place every 10 minutes as opposed to 12 minutes previously. The varsity will remedy this.

Details

  • The new Cyber University will train 3,000 professionals to fight online space cyber-attacks, internet crimes, and conduct cyber forensics.
  • It will also impart training in 15 other Internet of Things (IoT) areas such as Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • The government will provide different levels of training and enable affiliated colleges to impart certification for the 15 courses. The State will also supply infrastructure for training and education.

Cost of courses

  • The varsity will provide for and prepare internet professionals on the lines of the Microsoft Certified Professional Program.
  • The courses will cost less than 5 lakh for courses in data analytics, cloud computing, blockchain, AI, cyber forensics and cyber investigations.

Background

  • Maharashtra is already in the process of setting up its version of the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team to ward off external cyber threats.
  • In 2016, the State had even appointed a consortium of M/s C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) and Railtel Corporation of India for the 838-crore project.
  • The consortium in its analysis used the same technology as GARUDA, India’s national grid computing initiative, and the Graphics and Intelligence Based Script Technology.

Do you know?

  • GARUDA (Global Access to Resource Using Distributed Architecture)
  • GARUDA initiative is a collaboration of the Scientific, Engineering and Academic Community to carry-out research and experimentation on a nationwide grid of computational nodes, mass storage that aims to provide the distributed data and compute intensive High Performance Computing solutions for the 21st century.
  • It will deploy a distributed networked infrastructure for universities, research labs, industry and government throughout India.
  • Department of Information Technology (DIT) has funded the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) to deploy the nation-wide computational grid, GARUDA.
  • It connects 45 institutions across 17 cities, with an aim to bring Grid computing to research labs, industries and academic institutions.
  • GARUDA is part of the National Knowledge Network (NKN), an initiative to build a high-speed national network backbone with reliable quality of service (QoS) and security.
  • Read more on: GARUDA

India calling: 5G networks may be in place by 2020

In news

  • Having missed the bus for early adoption of latest technologies in the past, India — one of the fastest growing telecom markets in the world — is pushing for a timely roll-out of 5G technology in the country.
  • The Indian government is aiming to commercially introduce 5G services in the country by the end of 2020, almost in line with rest of the world.
  • The steering committee has recommended that the 5G spectrum allocation policy should be announced by the end of this year.
  • The high-level panel has recommended that 5G programmes be also funded by the government.

What is 5G?

  • 5G is the next generation of mobile Internet connectivity that would offer much faster and more reliable networks, which would form the backbone for the emerging era of Internet of Things (IoT).
  • Previous generations of mobile networks addressed consumers predominantly for voice and SMS in 2G, web browsing in 3G and higher speed data and video streaming in 4G. The transition from 4G to 5G will serve both consumers and multiple industries.
  • Globally, over 150 pre-commercial 5G trials are under way around the world, including South Korea, China and the U.S., 5G trials are yet to begin in India.

Challenges ahead

  • Coverage in rural areas remains a challenge.
  • Disrupting industries: Once commercialised, 5G is expected to disrupt not only telecom but other industries as well as. 5G is expected to see use beyond delivery of services just on “personal phone platforms.” It will also connect new devices to support a much larger range of applications and services.
  • This comes at a time when the industry continues to reel under financial stress, weighed down by high debt.

Advantages

  • Next generation mobile Internet connectivity will offer faster, more reliable networks that will form the backbone for era of IoT.
  • The next generation network will see usage in key government projects such as smart cities and Digital India, besides other business-to-business applications.
  • Consumption in terms of using IoT (Internet of Things) devices such as connected refrigerators etc.
  • It would enable revenue opportunity for Indian telecom operators by 2026.
  • The largest opportunity would be seen in sectors like manufacturing, energy and utilities followed by public safety and health sectors.

Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS): Smart fencing will end infiltration

In news

  • Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the first phase of hi-tech ‘smart fencing’ of 11 km stretch on the International Border (IB) in Jammu.
  • CIBMS would provide for round-the-clock laser-guided surveillance of the borders.
  • The smart fencing project will initially be implemented to cover gaps in the physical fencing. Eventually, this technology will be implemented across the entire border,
  • The smart fencing is a web of surveillance, communication and data storage devices.
  • It will enable surveillance during difficult weather conditions and reduce the need for physical patrolling of the borders.
  • It will rely on thermal imaging, infra-red and laser-based intruder alarms to stop infiltration.

The power of Kudumbashree: A case study on Women participation

Introduction:

In the month of August 2018, Kerala faced the worst disaster in a century. Now, long and tedious process of relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction process is going on. There are many heroic stories coming to surface about how people are contributing to rebuild Kerala. One of them is of contribution of Kudumbashree.

What Kudumbashree is doing in disaster relief?

  • Kumari had contracted leptospirosis while doing relief work in Kerala after the floods, away from her own home which had not been affected. She was a health volunteer and prominent member of the Kudumbashree Mission.
  • Volunteers Zarina and Sudha said: “We saw mounds of foul-smelling black mud piled outside the houses blocking the entrances and, in some cases, partially covering the houses. There were dead animals too….. We knew we could fall ill or be stung by poisonous insects or snakes, but we were not afraid. Tribal women and members of Kudumbashree from nearby areas also joined us.”
  • Like Kumari, Zarina and Sudha, around 4,00,000 women of Kudumbashree self-mobilised across the State to do relief work.
  • The Kudumbashree State Mission estimates that Kudumbashree groups cleaned up 11,300 public places and two lakh houses.
  • They provided counselling and information assistance as well as shelter to families. They also donated Rs. 7.4 crore to the Chief Minister’s Distress Relief Fund.
  • This scale of voluntary relief work by women is quite unprecedented by any standard.

United in relief work

  • The attention is necessary not just to accord women relief helpers like Kumari recognition and appreciation, but also to understand how such an enormous, effective and well-planned intervention could be made across the State by women through their own initiatives.
  • Women from working class families, women from the lower middle class and middle class, Muslim women and Dalit women were present.
  • They were a microcosm of the 2.43 lakh groups functioning across the State.
  • Within a day or two of the deluge, the Kudumbashree members started contacting each other to discuss what they should do.
  • They divided themselves into squads of five to six members and started relief work.
  • They were helped by the district coordination team of five women, who were on deputation to the Kudumbashree Mission from the government.
  • Within a short span of time, there were 7,000 women volunteers engaged in various tasks.
  • When the situation in their district improved, some of them set out to neighbouring districts to help.
  • Many of these women have family responsibilities, but they convinced their families of the urgency of the work at hand and set off with all the equipment required for cleaning which they themselves had collected through sponsorships.

A unique model

  • Started in 1998, it was envisioned as a part of the People’s Plan Campaign and local self-governance, with women at the centre of it.
  • In its conceptualisation, it was markedly different from the self-help group (SHG) movements in many parts of India.
  • While the commonality with other States was in the thrift and credit activities at the grassroots level through the formations of saving groups, the structures differed.
  • Kudumbashree has a three-tier structure. The first is the basic unit — the neighbourhood groups (NGs). There could be several such units within a ward and they are networked through the area development societies (ADS). All ADSs are federated through the community development societies (CDS).
  • There are core committees of elected coordinators at all three levels.
  • Each Kudumbashree member has a vote. Direct elections for the NG coordinators are held every three years. These people, in turn, elect the coordinators of the ADS who elect the members of the CDS.
  • A majority of the members of the coordinator groups have to belong to women below the poverty line or from comparatively poorer sections.There is reservation for Dalit and Adivasi women.
  • At the district and State levels, employees/officers of the government are appointed on deputation to help the Kudumbashree groups. Thus, there is a socially representative leadership.
  • This secular composition acts as a facilitator for the secularisation of public spaces.
  • The micro-enterprises undertaken by the women NGs in Kerala also strengthen community bonds. These include organic vegetable growing, poultry and dairy, catering and tailoring.
  • The concepts and practices have expanded over the years. Today the community farms run by Kudumbashree groups are acknowledged as a critical avenue for the rejuvenation of agricultural production in Kerala.
  • Kudumbashree training courses are quite comprehensive and include women’s rights, knowledge of constitutional and legal provisions, training in banking practices, and training in skills to set up micro-enterprises.
  • The Kudumbashree groups are therefore often seen as a threat by those who would like women to adhere to socially conformist roles.

Conclusion:

  • In a modern democratic India, women are still suffering to prove their existence and abilities.
  • This case study is a proof that women are equal half in pair of human. They can significantly contribute to the society as well as economy.
  • This model of Kudumbashree can be implemented across India, if it is done with the same secular and gender-sensitive spirit.

Connecting the dots:

  • Historically, be it the disaster of world war or floods of Kerala, time and again women proved their abilities. Critically comment in context of role of women in modern society and economy.

Note: Story of Kumari, Zarina and sudha, or story of Kudumbashree can be used in Essay as well as examples in ethics (Humanitarian behaviour in the event of crisis).


Transforming agriculture

Introduction

  • India is signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
  • As four of the 35 biodiversity hotspots are located in India, it is biodiversity-rich.
  • However, climate change and development without consideration for biodiversity are leading to loss of biodiversity.

Some of the issues

  • India gave the world crops such as rice, chickpea, pigeon pea, mango and eggplant. Most keepers of these crops genetic diversity are smallholder farmers, including women.
  • With the focus on policies that cater to market demands, its reservoir of indigenous traditional crops has dwindled.
  • Man-animal conflicts in the fringes of Protected Areas or animal corridors
  • Conflicts over unsustainable procurement of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) have been contentious, especially in Odisha and Uttarakhand.

Green Agriculture project and its significance

  • India’s National Biodiversity Action Plan (NBAP) recognises the importance of biodiversity for inclusive development.
  • The Green Agriculture project implemented by the Indian government and the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) takes a novel approach to support the NBAP and synergise biodiversity conservation, agriculture production and development.
  • It is being implemented in five landscapes adjoining Protected Areas/Biosphere Reserves: Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.
  • It envisages a transformation in Indian agriculture for global environmental benefits by addressing land degradation, climate change mitigation, sustainable forest management, and biodiversity conservation.
  • The approach will be to strengthen their role as agrodiversity guardians by developing value chains for their indigenous crops such as traditional rice varieties in Odisha.

Way forward

  • A participatory and landscape approach can ensure sustainability of conservation efforts.
  • Keeping the focus on initiatives for sustainable NTFP harvest, eradication of invasive alien species, and mitigation of wildlife conflicts is essential.
  • Biodiversity conservation is a part of traditional wisdom. Examples include the Orans of Rajasthan and the village safety and supply reserves in Mizoram.
  • Traditional farming systems such as jhum encouraged crop diversity. However, climate change and shortened fallow cycles are undermining jhum cultivation sustainability.
  • The landscape approach will aim to restore traditional knowledge systems, such as the conservation of common property resources.
  • Participatory learning tools will encourage farmers to adopt more sustainable indigenous soil conservation.

Conclusion

Environmental concerns are inadequately reflected in the development rhetoric. Thus, projects such as Green Agriculture are essential in equipping decision-makers with the necessary instruments to design effective and informed policies to underpin environmental concerns.

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CLAT Online Test Series | Fools Den | Law Entrance

Fools’ Den is an E-learning Company and it provides Online Test Series and video courses for different competitive exams like Law entrance exams (CLAT, AILET, MHCET, SLAT, CULEE, etc.), BBA / B.Com Entrance Exams (DU JAT, NPAT, IPM, SET BBA, etc.). Apart from Law and BBA Entrance we also provide Test Series for Hotel Management and NIFT exam.

Some of the salient feature of our Online Test Series are:

In-depth analysis and report card

Detailed analysis of each mock along with section-wise analysis helps to improve your score in the next one and eventually in the actual exam.

Daily Mini Mocks

Practice does indeed make perfect. Fools Den’s Mini Mocks is an online library of 5000+ questions of varying difficulty levels spread across all sections of CLAT to augment your preparation.

Complete analysis of each mock

Get an in-depth look at mock sections, questions, and test patterns to understand the test and perfect your test taking strategy.

Vocabulary and GK updates

Regular updates on current affairs, general awareness, and vocabulary to help you remember and stay ahead.

Legal updates and quizzes

Legal aptitude is an important section of CLAT. Stay updated with legal awareness and take regular quizzes to prepare for the legal aptitude section.

Timely exam alerts

Get regular alerts for exam notifications, last dates, other important deadlines. Don’t miss anything important.

 

CLAT 2019 Exam Pattern & Syllabus

CLAT 2019 Exam Pattern

Candidates should check this section to know about CLAT exam pattern details of UG & PG courses including mode, duration, marking scheme, negative marking, etc.

  • Exam Date: The examination will be held on 12th May 2019.
  • Mode: The examination will be conducted in online mode (computer-based test).
  • Duration: The exam duration will be two hours.
  • Type of Questions: Multiple choice/Objective type questions will be asked in the exam.
  • Number of Questions: Total 200 questions (for UG) & 150 questions (for PG) will be asked in the examination.
  • Total Marks: The question paper will be of 200 marks (for UG) & 150 marks (for PG).
  • Marking Scheme: In correct response, one mark will be allotted to the candidates.
  • Negative Marking: For the incorrect answer, 0.25 marks will be deducted.
Courses Subjects Marks Duration
For UG courses (Integrated) English including comprehension 40 2 hours
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20
Legal Aptitude 50
Logical Reasoning 40
For PG Courses Constitutional Law 50 2 hours
Jurisprudence 50
Other Law Subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. 50

CLAT Syllabus 2019

The CLAT 2019 syllabus of UG courses will be comprised of the following sections, i.e. English including Comprehension, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude & Logical Reasoning.

For PG courses, candidates can study from these sections, i.e. Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence & Other Law Subjects.

Brief syllabus is given below:

English including comprehension

It includes comprehension passages and grammar such as the meanings of words used therein, understanding of the passage, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, etc.

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

It includes general awareness such as static general knowledge, questions on national and international current affairs, etc.

Mathematics

This test will check the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics (maths study in class 10th).

Legal Aptitude

This test will be evaluated to check interest of candidates towards the study of law, problem-solving ability, legal propositions (described in the paper), research aptitude etc.

Logical Reasoning

It includes syllogisms, identifies patterns, logical sequences, rectifies illogical arguments, logical links, analogies, etc.

CLAT Preparation Tips

To crack any entrance exam, preparation is compulsory. Check below, to know some preparation tips & tricks for How to prepare for CLAT exam:

  • Time management is the most important factor for any exam preparation. So divide your time for each section including revision.
  • Prepare from some good CLAT Exam books which all are related to the subjects and keep in touch with day to day news.
  • Try to solve last year’s question papers & sample papers for CLAT to get an idea about the examination.
  • Candidates also practice for the different online mock tests. It helps the candidates to achieve good marks in the exam.
  • Make short notes which include important tricks & formulas.

CLAT 2019: Application Form, Exam Dates, Eligibility & Syllabus

CLAT 2019 Exam Dates have been released now. The exam will be conducted for admission to undergraduate & postgraduate law programmes. This year, CLAT Exam will be managed by the National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO). It is a national level entrance examination. It is managed by the 19 Indian National Law Universities (NLUs) on a rotation basis. On the basis of CLAT scores, candidates can also get admission into various government & private law colleges across the country. Check here complete information about CLAT 2019 exam dates, application form, eligibility, exam pattern, syllabus, etc.

CLAT 2019 Exam Dates

In this section, we are providing a tentative schedule of CLAT 2019 Exam Dates. Whenever the official CLAT exam 2019 dates announced we will update it here:

Events Dates (Tentative)
Admission Notification Release 3rd week of December 2018
Application Form Availability 1st January 2019
Last date for form submission 31st March 2019 (11:59 PM)
Downloading of Admit Card Starts 3rd week of April 2019
Date of CLAT Entrance Exam 12th May 2019 (3:00 PM to 5:00 PM)
Answer Key Release 3rd week of May 2019
Representation of questions or key Till 3rd week of May 2019
Uploading of amended answer key (if required) 4th week of May 2019
Result/Merit List Declaration Last week of May 2019
First  Indicative Seat Allocation Publication 1st week of June 2019
Date for payment of counselling fee Till 2nd week of June 2019

CLAT Application Form 2019

Candidates check here about CLAT 2019 application form releasing mode, date of availability, required documents to upload & other details:

  • The application form will be available only through online mode from the official website.
  • CLAT Registration 2019 will be started from the 1st January to 31st March 2019.
  • Only one application will be filled by the candidate.
  • Upload your scanned photograph (Dimensions: 200×230 pixels & Size: 20KB to 50KB), Signature (Dimensions:  140×60 pixels & Size: 10KB to 20KB) and Specially Abled Persons (SAP) certificate (If required).
  • There will be no need to send a hard copy of the filled application to the CLAT office.
  • After successful form submission, no alteration/editing in the online application will be done.

Application Fee:

  • Candidates should submit Rs. 4000 as an application fee.
  • For SC/ST category, it will be Rs. 3500.
  • The fee payment will be done through credit card/debit card/net banking/pay wallet/RuPay, etc.
  • Candidates will also make payment through offline mode (Bank Challan).
  • The fee is non-refundable and non-adjustable.
Category Fee
General/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) & other categories Rs. 4000 + extra charges
Scheduled Caste (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST) Rs. 3500 + extra charges

CLAT Eligibility Criteria 2019

Candidates should check the given eligibility criteria to apply for the CLAT exam. The complete details about CLAT 2019 eligibility are given here:

Nationality:

  • Indian National/NRI/NRI Sponsored candidates can apply.
  • NRI/NRI Sponsored candidates can apply for those NLUs where such category is admitted.
  • Foreign National candidates not need to appear for CLAT exam, they can apply directly to the concerned institutions.

Age Criteria:

  • Upper Age Limit: There will be no upper age limit to apply for UG Integrated & PG courses.

Qualification Criteria:

  • Appearing Candidates: Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying exam are also eligible.
Courses Eligibility
Qualifying Exam Minimum Marks
For UG Integrated Courses Pass 10+2 examination from the recognized board. Secured minimum 45% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 40% marks (for SC/ST categories).
For PG Courses Pass LLB/5 years Integrated LLB (Hons.)/any other equivalent examination. Secured minimum 55% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 50% marks (for SC/ST categories).

CLAT 2019 Exam Pattern

Candidates should check this section to know about CLAT exam pattern details of UG & PG courses including mode, duration, marking scheme, negative marking, etc.

  • Exam Date: The examination will be held on 12th May 2019.
  • Mode: The examination will be conducted in online mode (computer-based test).
  • Duration: The exam duration will be two hours.
  • Type of Questions: Multiple choice/Objective type questions will be asked in the exam.
  • Number of Questions: Total 200 questions (for UG) & 150 questions (for PG) will be asked in the examination.
  • Total Marks: The question paper will be of 200 marks (for UG) & 150 marks (for PG).
  • Marking Scheme: In correct response, one mark will be allotted to the candidates.
  • Negative Marking: For the incorrect answer, 0.25 marks will be deducted.
Courses Subjects Marks Duration
For UG courses (Integrated) English including comprehension 40 2 hours
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20
Legal Aptitude 50
Logical Reasoning 40
For PG Courses Constitutional Law 50 2 hours
Jurisprudence 50
Other Law Subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. 50

CLAT Syllabus 2019

The CLAT 2019 syllabus of UG courses will be comprised of the following sections, i.e. English including Comprehension, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude & Logical Reasoning.

For PG courses, candidates can study from these sections, i.e. Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence & Other Law Subjects.

Brief syllabus is given below:

English including comprehension

It includes comprehension passages and grammar such as the meanings of words used therein, understanding of the passage, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, etc.

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

It includes general awareness such as static general knowledge, questions on national and international current affairs, etc.

Mathematics

This test will check the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics (maths study in class 10th).

Legal Aptitude

This test will be evaluated to check interest of candidates towards the study of law, problem-solving ability, legal propositions (described in the paper), research aptitude etc.

Logical Reasoning

It includes syllogisms, identifies patterns, logical sequences, rectifies illogical arguments, logical links, analogies, etc.

CLAT Preparation Tips

To crack any entrance exam, preparation is compulsory. Check below, to know some preparation tips & tricks for How to prepare for CLAT exam:

  • Time management is the most important factor for any exam preparation. So divide your time for each section including revision.
  • Prepare from some good CLAT Exam books which all are related to the subjects and keep in touch with day to day news.
  • Try to solve last year’s question papers & sample papers for CLAT to get an idea about the examination.
  • Candidates also practice for the different online mock tests. It helps the candidates to achieve good marks in the exam.
  • Make short notes which include important tricks & formulas.

 

Law Colleges in Pune

Pune is one of the popular destinations for law students in India. FoolsDen will help you to decide which institutions you should be targeting for law admissions in Pune

Have a look at the top Law Colleges in Pune:

  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune (Rank: 3)
  • ILS Law College (Rank: 4)
  • New Law College, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University (Rank: 8)
  • P.E.S. Modern Law College (Rank: 34)
  • Sinhgad Law College (Rank: 37)

DETAILED ANALYSIS: FAADU MOCK #06

First of all we would like to congratulate you for taking our first ALL INDIA MOCK and taking the first step towards cracking CLAT 2018. We are glad to present the complete analysis of this test to passionate aspirants like you. Let’s go !!

Total number of questions : 200

Marks per question: 1

Negative marking : 0.25

Highest score: 87

Average score: 62

Cut off for top 3 NLUs : 139

Cut off for next 5 NLUS : 125

Cut off for lower NLUs : 108

SECTIONWISE ANALYSIS:

NAME OF THE SECTION HIGHEST SCORE IN THE SECTION TEST TOPPER’S SCORE IN THE SECTION AVERAGE SCORE IN THE SECTION
Numerical ability 4.25 0.75 3
Logical reasoning 28.5 25.75 16.5
English language 15 13.75 8
General knowledge 46.75 15.5 20
Legal aptitude 33.5 31.25 21

LIST OF TOPPERS & THEIR SCORES:

NAME NUMERICAL

ABILITY

LOGICAL REASONING ENGLISH GK LEGAL APTITUDE TOTAL SCORE
Ashit 0.75 25.75 13.75 15.5 31.25 87
Aayush Raj 1.75 28.5 10.5 23.75 22.5 87
Roshani Sahu 2.75 9 8.25 46.75 18.75 85.5

We congratulate the toppers.

 

We wish others luck that they get to the topper list in our next edition of FAADU MOCKS.

Next FAADU MOCK # 07 will be conducted next Sunday (29/04/2018).

Until then, it’s ciao from

SHREYA

NLSIU, BANGALORE

DETAILED ANALYSIS: FAADU MOCK # 04

First of all we would like to congratulate you for taking our first ALL INDIA MOCK and taking the first step towards cracking CLAT 2018. We are glad to present the complete analysis of this test to passionate aspirants like you. Let’s go !!

Total number of questions : 200

Marks per question: 1

Negative marking : 0.25

Highest score: 113.5

Average score: 73

Cut off for top 3 NLUs : 146

Cut off for next 5 NLUS : 135

Cut off for lower NLUs : 112

SECTIONWISE ANALYSIS:

NAME OF THE SECTION HIGHEST SCORE IN THE SECTION TEST TOPPER’S SCORE IN THE SECTION AVERAGE SCORE IN THE SECTION
Numerical ability 9.75 4.75 4
Logical reasoning 25.5 24.25 16
English language 20.25 20.25 11
General knowledge 45.5 33 22
Legal aptitude 33.75 31.25 22

LIST OF TOPPERS & THEIR SCORES:

NAME NUMERICAL

ABILITY

LOGICAL REASONING ENGLISH GK LEGAL APTITUDE TOTAL SCORE
Nabira Farman 4.75 24.25 20.25 33 31.25 113.5
Akriti Gupta 7.5 19.5 19.5 33.75 28.75 109
Roshani Sahu 4.5 15.5 14.75 45.5 25.5 105.75

We congratulate the toppers as they win a free CLAT 2018 TEST SERIES from foolsden.com.

We wish others luck that they get to the topper list in our next edition of FAADU MOCKS.

Next FAADU MOCK # 05 will be conducted next Sunday (15/04/2018).

Until then, it’s ciao from

SHREYA

NLSIU, BANGALORE

DETAILED ANALYSIS: FAADU MOCK # 03

 

First of all we would like to congratulate you for taking our first ALL INDIA MOCK and taking the first step towards cracking CLAT 2018. We are glad to present the complete analysis of this test to passionate aspirants like you. Let’s go !!

Total number of questions : 200

Marks per question: 1

Negative marking : 0.25

Highest score: 174.75

Average score: 74.5

Cut off for top 3 NLUs : 155

Cut off for next 5 NLUS : 139

Cut off for lower NLUs : 120

SECTIONWISE ANALYSIS:

NAME OF THE SECTION HIGHEST SCORE IN THE SECTION TEST TOPPER’S SCORE IN THE SECTION AVERAGE SCORE IN THE SECTION
Numerical ability 17.5 16.5 6.5
Logical reasoning 34.5 34.5 18
English language 31.25 27.5 12.5
General knowledge 48.75 48.75 19
Legal aptitude 47.5 47.5 22.5

LIST OF TOPPERS & THEIR SCORES:

NAME NUMERICAL

ABILITY

LOGICAL REASONING ENGLISH GK LEGAL APTITUDE TOTAL SCORE
Akriti Gupta 16.5 34.5 27.5 48.75 47.5 174.75
Sharvari 9.25 19.75 26.5 40.25 14 109.75
Prakash 15.25 25.75 18.75 14.75 30 104.5

We congratulate the toppers as they win a free CLAT 2018 TEST SERIES from foolsden.com.

We wish others luck that they get to the topper list in our next edition of FAADU MOCKS.

Next FAADU MOCK # 04 will be conducted next Sunday (08/04/2018).

Until then, it’s ciao from

SHREYA

NLSIU, BANGALORE