Question of the day | Legal terms lists September 5, 2018

Question of the day

Question:  Article 240 deals with :

a) Emergency provisions

b) Language of the States

c) Tribal welfare

d) Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories

Legal terms of the day

1. PRIMA FACIE –On the face of it

 2. INJURIA SINE DAMNUM –Legal injury without actual damage

 3. IGNORANTIA JURIS NON-EXCUSAT –Ignorance of law is not an excuse

 4. LIS PENDENS –A pending suit

5. LOCUS STANDI- Right to be heard in court


Today’s Answer of  the Question: D

Explanation: The President may make certain regulations for Union territories, like giving his assent for a bill to become law in that UT (basically doing what a governor does for a State), and many more such functions.


West Bengal government launched mobile blood donation camp

  • The West Bengal government has launched a mobile blood donation camp in a red luxury bus. The bus moves from location to location, collecting blood in West Bengal. The health activists said that this move by the government is a major success as the bus is often seen in the city collecting blood samples. The service is free of cost.
West Bengal Capital Kolkata
CM Mamata Banerjee
Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi

The Nagaland government has declared the Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary as an elephant reserve

  • The Nagaland government has declared the Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary as an elephant reserve making it the 30th reserve for jumbos in the country. Singphan Elephant Reserve has huge tracts of forest, strategically located in contiguity with the Abhaypur Reserve Forest of Assam which is frequented by the moving herds of elephants.
  • Elephant distribution habitat in Nagaland is a continuous stretch starting from Peren district running all along the foothills northwesterly until Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh.
Nagaland Capital Kohima
CM Neiphiu Rio
Governor Padmanabha Acharya

Madhya Pradesh will organise “Mil -Banche”, an interactive programme between schools and society

  • In Madhya Pradesh, “Mil -Banche”, an interactive programme between schools and society is being organised. This programme is being organised for the multi-dimensional development of children through language skill up-gradation, reading other books in addition to textbooks.It will also help in developing an interest in understanding and other co-curricular activities in government schools
Madhya Pradesh Capital Bhopal
CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Governor Anandiben patel

Mauritius remains top source of FDI into India in 2017-18: RBI

  • According to Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data, Mauritius was top source of foreign direct investment (FDI) into India in 2017-18 followed by Singapore. The total FDI in FY 18 stood at $37.36 billion in financial year which was marginal rise over $36.31 billion recorded in the previous fiscal 2016-17.

ITI Limited partners with start-ups to boost manufacturing of ICT, IoT and Defence Technology


  • State-owned ITI Limited has signed agreements with leading startups and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) covering manufacturing of wide range of ICT-IOT (Information and communications technology- Internet of Things) based solutions. The agreements were signed on the sidelines of the first edition of ITI’s two-day ‘ICT & IoT Startup Tech Expo’ in Bengaluru, Karnataka.

Wipro signed a USD 1.6 billion with Illinois based Alight Solutions LLC

  • Wipro signed a $1.6 billion 10-year contract with Illinois-based Alight Solutions LLC. This is the largest deal to date. The contract is to provide digital solutions to the company. Alight is a provider of benefits administration and cloud-based human resources and financial solutions. It will be built through the strategic investments in Wipro Digital, cloud platforms and cognitive platform Wipro HOLMES.

Harvard and Google joint hands and developed an Artificial Intelligence system to analyze and predict earthquake

  • Google and Harvard have joined hands and developed an Artificial Intelligence system in which the researchers at the university used algorithms to analyze a database of earthquakes worldwide to predict where aftershocks might happen. Aftershocks are the shocks that happen after the main earthquake takes place. The researchers teamed up with machine learning experts at Google to see if they could apply deep learning to find out the location of the aftershocks.

Vedanta Resources Plc. has appointed Srinivasan Venkatakrishnan as the CEO of the company

  • Vedanta Resources Plc. has appointed Srinivasan Venkatakrishnan as the CEO of the company. Mr.Venkatakrishnan replaced Tom Albanese who served as CEO from 2014-17 and Kuldip Kaura, the interim CEO since. He has joined the company’s board of directors. Mr.Venkat earlier served as the CEO of AngloGold Ashanti Ltd, the world’s largest emerging market gold producer.

Nehal Chudasama is crowned as the new Yamaha Fascino Miss Diva – Miss Universe India 2018

  • Nehal Chudasama is crowned as the new Yamaha Fascino Miss Diva – Miss Universe India 2018. Peden Ongmu Namgyal, Yamaha Fascino Miss Diva Supranational 2017 crowning Aditi Hundia as Yamaha Fascino Miss Diva Supranational 2018. The winner of Yamaha Fascino Miss Diva 2018 will represent the country at Miss Universe.

MOVE Cyclathon organized by NITI Aayog to promote clean mobility

  • National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog flagged off cycle rally MOVE Cyclathon to spread message of clean mobility to the Indian public and promote cleaner, accessible modes of transport. The cyclathon was held in run up to MOVE: Global Mobility Summit scheduled to be held on September 7, 8 in New Delhi.

Seventh Meeting of National Medicinal Plants Board

  • The Seventh meeting of National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) of Ministry of AYUSH was held under the chairpersonship of Minister of State for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik at New Delhi.

Gujarat government partners with US advocacy group for Vibrant Gujarat summit

  • The summit which will be held from 18th to 20th January 2019 in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. About US-India Strategic and Partnership Forum (USISPF) Type – a non-profit organization Objective – strengthening the U.S.-India bilateral and strategic partnership President and CEO – Mukesh Aghi

6th East Asia Summit- Economic Ministers Meeting (EAS-EMM) was held in Singapore

  • Commerce & Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu attended the 6th East Asia Summit- Economic Ministers’ Meeting (EAS-EMM) and 15th India-ASEAN Economic Ministers’ Meeting (AEM) in Singapore. Singapore is currently holding the Chair of ASEAN.
  • The 6th East-Asia Economic Minister’s Meeting was chaired by Chan Chun Sing, Minister for Trade and Industry, Singapore, and was attended by Economic Ministers from 10 ASEAN countries and their eight dialogue partners, Australia, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, New Zealand, the Russian Federation and the United States of America.

 Modi released the book “Moving On, Moving Forward – A Year in Office” written by Venkaiah Naidu

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the book “Moving On, Moving Forward – A Year in Office” written by Vice President Venkaiah Naidu. Narendra Modi presented the first copy of the book to Venkaiah Naidu. The book was written by Vice President Venkaiah Naidu to mark his one year in office

Power System Operation Corporation limited (POSOCO) organization has developed the book on “Weather Information Portal for Indian Power System”

  • R K Singh, Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy released a book on “Weather Information Portal for Indian Power System”s, at Power System Operation Corporation limited (POSOCO), New Delhi. This book is a reference document developed by POSOCO along with IMD (India Meteorological Department) to enable better usage of Weather Portal in all areas of Power Sector. POSOCO manages the Inter-State Transmission of Power to utilities throughout India.

NASA scientists found signs of water in Jupiter’s Great Red Spot


  • NASA scientists detected signs of water above the planet’s deepest clouds deep inside Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, a storm raging on the planet for over 350 years. The pressure of the water combined with their measurements of another oxygen-bearing gas, carbon monoxide, imply that Jupiter has more oxygen than the Sun.

Tsunami mock drill ‘IOWave18’ begins: India along with 23 countries participates in exercise

  • Exercise IOWave18 will simulate Indian Ocean countries being put in a tsunami warning situation and require the National Tsunami Warning Centre and the National and/or Local Disaster Management Offices in each country to implement their Standard Operating Procedures.
  • Exercise IOWave18 will comprise two scenarios on successive days: one in the north western Indian Ocean off the coast of Iran, and the other in the eastern Indian Ocean off the west coast of northern Sumatra.

NASA is set to launch the most advanced laser instrument ICESat-2 (Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2)

  • In order to measure the changes in the heights of Earth’s polar ice, NASA is set to launch the most advanced laser instrument ICESat-2 (Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2). ICESat-2 is National Aero Space Agency’s one of a kind laser instrument.
  • It will measure the average annual elevation change of land ice covering Greenland and Antarctica to within the width of a pencil, capturing 60,000 measurements every second. ICESat-2 is scheduled to be launched on September 12 and it represents a major technological leap in our ability to measure changes in ice height.

In the UEFA Awards, Croatia captain Luka Modric was voted the best player in Europe

  • In the UEFA Awards, Croatia captain Luka Modric was voted the best player in Europe. He also won the Midfielder of the Season. Real Madrid was named the best player in last season’s Champions League. The best women’s player award was won by Pernille Harder of Denmark and Wolfsburg. Best goalkeeper of the season was: Keylor Navas. Best defender of the season was: Sergio Ramos. Ronaldo won the Forward of the Season


Question of the day | Legal terms lists September 4,2018

Question of the day

Question: Which article of our Constitution deals with untouchability?
a) Article 12
b) Article 21
c) Article 17
d) Article 25
Legal terms of the day

1. DAMNUM SINE INJURIA- Damage without legal injury

2. EX GRATIA –As a favour

3. FAUX PAS –Tactless mistake

 4. IN TERROREM –In order to cause terror

 5. QUO WARRANTO- By what authority

Today’s Answer of the Question: C

Explanation: Article 17 also prescribes punishment by means of fine and imprisonment to those who are convicted of this odious practice.


71st Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia inaugurated in New Delhi by Health Minister JP Nadda.

71st Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia inaugurated in New Delhi by Health Minister JP Nadda.
On September 3, 2018, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare  Shri J P Nadda inaugurated  the ‘71st Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia,’ in New Delhi.

i. He addressed India’s contribution on the health sector by implementing the following:

  • Launch of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya scheme called ‘Ayushman Bharat’
  • Implementation of the National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis and target to remove of by 2025(ahead of 2030 set by WHO).
  • Universal screening for prevention and management of five common NCDs including hypertension, diabetes and three common Cancers of oral cavity, breast and cervix.
  • Launch of AMRIT Deendayal: ‘Affordable Medicines & Reliable Implants for Treatment’– centres to provide medicines for cancer and cardiovascular disease and cardiac implants at reduced prices.
  • Jan Aushadhi (peoples’ medicines) stores for affordable medicine

ii. India would work with member countries on Regional and Global health agenda for common goal of Health for All.
♦ Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
♦ Head: Tedros Adhanom.
♦ Founded: 1948.

Draft rules for e-pharmacies to regulate online sale of medicines: Health Ministry

On September 3, 2018, the Health ministry notified that the online e-pharmacies will have to adhere to the set of new draft rules regarding selling of drugs through the internet.
i. According to the new draft rules:

  • online pharmacies should be registered with the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO),
  • Should have a trade licence — applicable across India — from any state government.
  • The grant of registration to the Central Licensing Authorityof Central Government for a sum of Rs 50,000.
  • It also banned sale of narcotics, psychotropic drugs and tranquillizers.

ii. The government amended the Drugs and Cosmetic Rules, 1945, to include e-pharmacies.
♦ A consultative committee on e-pharmacies was formed in 2015 which submitted its report to the DCGI in 2016.
♦ Drug Controller General of India:  Dr S Eswara Reddy.

6-days long 47th Bi-annual talks held in New Delhi by India and Bangladesh border forces.

6-days long 47th Bi-annual talks held in New Delhi by India and Bangladesh border forces.
On September 3, 2018, the 47th bi-annual talks between Indian and Bangladeshi border forces started for 6 days in New Delhi.

i. From the Indian side: Director General of Border Security Force (BSF) KK Sharma and
From Bangladesh’s Side: Director General of Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) Major General Md Shafeenul Islam.
ii. Focus areas of discussion would be:

  • to prevent trans-border crimes, action against Indian insurgent  groups,
  • border infrastructure,
  • coordinated patrol in vulnerable areas,
  • sharing information and expansion of crime-free zones.

iii. This is a part of implementation of Comprehensive Border Management PlanConfidence Building MeasuresSimultaneous Coordinated patrolling.
iv. Earlier, the DG level talks were held in April 2018 in Dhaka.
DG level talks started in 1975.
♦ Capital: Dhaka.
♦ Currency: Bangladeshi Taka.
♦ Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina.
♦ President: Abdul Hamid.
♦ Military Exercise with India: SAMPRITI.

10 KW FM Transmitter of All India Radio inaugurated at Patnitop in Jammu by Jitendra Singh

10 KW FM Transmitter of All India Radio inaugurated at Patnitop in Jammu by Jitendra Singh
On September 3, 2018, the Union Minister of State for Atomic Energy, Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated 10KW transmitter of All India Radio at Patnitop in Ramban District of Jammu & Kashmir.

i. This would enable services to reach remote areas of the State in various districts like Ramban, Doda, Udhampur, Anantnag  and parts of Jammu.
ii. It would be available at an ariel distance of 60 km  in the frequency of 101 MHz.

“Mil -Banche” programme organized in govt schools for learning awareness: Madhya Pradesh

On August 31, 2018, Madhya Pradesh launched a first of its kind initiative called “Mil -Banche” in all government schools across the state.
i. It is an interactive programme between schools and society for promoting education and learing.
Aim to create education and learning awareness among the children
Key Points:
i. It would help in multi-dimensional development of children through:

  • language skill up-gradation,
  • reading textbooks and
  • co-curricular activities in government schools.

ii. Volunteers read out one chapter of any book from either the school library or the Hindi textbook during the programme.
iii. More than 80 thousand out of over 2 lakh registered volunteers gave books and useful gifts to the students.
iv. All volunteers submitted their video entries(less than 90 seconds) and the best one would be given certificate and the video would be featured in MP MYGOV platform.
Madhya Pradesh:
♦ Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan.
♦ Governor: Anandiben Patel.
♦ Airports: Dumna Airport, Raja Bhoj Airport, Devi Ahilyabai Holkar pushpendra Airport, Civil Aerodome Khajuraho Airport.

Rs 399.44 crore released for 2018-19 for development of forward areas of 10 states along int’l borders

On September 3, 2018, Centre released Rs 399.44 crore for 10 states along the international bordersfor developing forward areas as a part of Border Area Development Programme (BADP) for 2018-19.
Key Points:
i. This is a part of Rs 1,100 crore released in 2017-18 for development of villages along the international borders in 17 states.
ii. Rs 399.44 crore has been released to the following states of:
Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and West Bengal .
About Border Area Development Programme (BADP):
i. It covers people living within 50 kilometres of the International Border along 111 border districts in 17 states.
ii. The BADP schemes include
construction of primary health centres, schools, supply of drinking water, community centres, connectivity, drainage, to enable sustainable living in border areas.
iii. It also involves skill development, promotion of sports activities in border areas, promotion of rural tourism, border tourism, protection of heritage sites, construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas.
iv61 model villages are also being developed under the BADP.
A total of Rs 13,400 crore has been released since the BADP programme was initiated in 1986-87.
Static part:
India shares borders with
Pakistan (3,323 km), China (3,488 km), Nepal (1,751 km), Bhutan (699 km), Myanmar (1,643 km) and Bangladesh (4,096 km).

Jharkhand govt renames town and railway station after Bansidhari temple of Lord Krishna

On September 3, 2018, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs approved the Jharkhand government’s proposal to rename a railway station and a town in Garhwa district after Lord Krishna.
i. The town Nagar Untari and the railway station would be renamed as Banshidhar Nagar, after Banshidhar Temple.
ii. It would be remodeled on the lines of Mathura and Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh to make it a part of the Lord Krishna religious circuit.
iii. The government is looking at proposals for a tie-up with the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON).
Other news:
The ministry had earlier approved the renaming of
Robertsgang railway station in Uttar Pradesh as Sonbhadra and
Mughalsarai junction, also in Uttar Pradesh, after Deen Dayal Upadhyay.
♦ Airports: Birsa Munda Airport, Sonari Airport, Dhanbad Airport, Bokaro Airport, Deoghar Airport.
♦ National Parks: Betla National Park, Hazaribag National Park, Rajdewra National Park, Dalma Hilltop National Park, Elephant Corridor, Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary.

SBI launched its e-facilitation facility for army veterans in Bengal

On September 3, 2018, SBI inaugurated its e-facilitation and e-corner facility for Indian army veterans at the Army Complex near Fort William inKolkata.
i. The key features are:

  • to facilitate the process of resolution of pension cases
  • Ability to fast-track pension issues by “on the spot” resolution of pension-related grievance of veterans/ veer naris/ next of kin.
  • Cash drawal and automated passbook updation.

♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.
♦ Chairman: Rajnish Kumar.
♦ CEO: Arijit Basu.
♦ Tagline: With you all the way, Pure Banking Nothing Else, The Nation’s banks on us.

ITI Limited partnered with startups to boost manufacturing of ICT, IoT and Defence Technology: Bengaluru

On September 3, 2018, on the sidelines of the first edition of ITI’s two-day ‘ICT & IoT Startup Tech Expo’ in BengaluruITI Limited signed agreements equipment manufacturers and startups.

ITI Limited partnered with startups to boost manufacturing of ICT, IoT and Defence Technology: BengaluruObjective:
To manufacture a wide range of ICT-IOT based solutions.
Key Points:
i. The agreements signed include:

  • civil and military advanced radar systems,
  • advanced edge router systems,
  • next generation 5G technology products,
  • data storage and networking solutions,
  • digital security solutions,
  • advanced metering solutions, and
  • wi-fi products and solutions.

ii. It partnered with Telecommunication Engineering Center (TEC), New Delhi to establish telecom testing labs at its Bengaluru plant.
iii. This would help in testing of imported and indigenous telecom equipment in India.
iv. These are in line with the National Digital Communications Policy 2018.
Important agreements/Mous from the Expo:
i. The foundation stone of telecom testing labs– comprising EMI/EMC lab, Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) lab, Safety lab and Security lab – was laid by Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Communications and Minister of State for Railways, Shri Manoj Sinha.
ii. ITI to focus on creating Indian IPRs in the communications sector.
About the Expo:
More than 500 startups and tech entrepreneurs actively participated in the event.
ITI Limited:
♦ Chairman and Managing Director: Shri K Alagesan.
♦ Headquarters: Bengaluru.

Internet Society & ISPAI sign pact to secure Internet infrastructure in India

On September 3, 2018, the Internet Society (ISOC) partnered with Internet Service Providers Association of India (ISPAI) to promote and secure internet infrastructure.
i. They signed an agreement for the to promote ‘Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS) which will improve security infrastructure.
ii. As a part of this, ISOC has conducted a workshop during the inaugural India Network Operators Group meeting ( INNOG).
Other news:
India ranks 3rd for cyber-attacks and ranks 2nd for malware attacks in phone according to Symantec.
♦ Headquarters: Virginia, USA.
♦ Members: 100,000.
♦ Founded: 11 Dec 1992.
Headquarters: New Delhi.

Alastair Cook announces international retirement

On September 3, 2018, England’s highest Test run-scorer Alastair Cook announced his retirement from International cricket.

England's highest Test run-scorer Alastair Cook announced his retirement from International cricket.i. He has scored 12,254 runs and made 32 centuries in 160 Tests – all England records.
ii. He is sixth on the all-time list of Test run-scorers and has made a record 11,627 runs as an opener.
iii. He became the first Englishman to reach 10,000 Test runs in 2016.
iv. He captained the England team from 2012 and led England to their first victory in India for 27 years.

Former footballer Arthur Pereira dead

On 3rd September 2018, former Maharashtra football player Arthur Pereira passed away after fighting cancer, at a hospital in Borivili, Mumbai.
Death of Arthur Pereira:
i. Arthur Pereira was 70 years old. He represented India in the Russia tour in 1971.
ii. He represented Maharashtra in the national championships for the Santosh Trophy from 1971 to 1976.
iii. He had played for various clubs in Mumbai like the Orkay Mills club. He also served as Physical Education teacher at St Joseph’s School in Malad, Mumbai.

Question of the day | Legal terms lists September 3, 2018

Question of the day
Question: Ad-hoc Judges are :
a) A retired judge
b) A judge selected (appointed or elected) to judge one certain, particular case, and may not be a regular judge on other occasions
c) Impeached judges
d) Judges who work past their retirement age.
Legal terms of the day

1. INTERIM –Temporary, in the meanwhile.

2. IPSO FACTO –By that very fact.

3. INTER VIVOS –Between living persons

4. JUDEX NON-POTEST ESSE TESTIS IN PROPIRA CAUSA –A judge cannot be witness in his own cause.

5. JUS- A right that recognized in law.

Today’s answer of the question: B

Explanation: Ad-hoc judges are usually experts who have been chosen to adjudicate, because of their expertise in the field the case is involved in.


Krishna Kutir: Government inaugurates home for 1000 widows in Vrindavan

Source: I.E

Union Ministry of Women and Child Development recently had inaugurated widows’ home ‘Krishna Kutir’ at Vrindavan in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. Krishna Kutir is special home for 1000 windows set under Swadhar Greh scheme and is the largest ever facility of its kind created by government organization. It was constructed to mitigate the plight of widows living in pathetic condition in Vrindavan.

Krishna Kutir

Its construction was funded by Central Government and will be managed by UP Government. It was constructed on 1.4 hectares of land allotted by UP Government through National Building Construction Corporation (NBCC). It has 100 rooms or dormitories with capacity of housing 1000 inmates at time. Its name was selected a month-long Vrindavan Ashram contest held on social media and entry of Sunita Katyal, Krishna Kutir, was adjudged as winning entry. The design of this Home was prepared in consultation with Helpage India and is old age-friendly. It consists of ground plus three floors with facilities of ramp, lifts, supply of adequate electricity, water and other amenities for meeting requirement of senior citizens and persons with special challenges. It is also equipped with large modern kitchen and skill cum training centre. It also has two dispensaries and physiotherapy facility to provide regular medical check-ups to inmates.

Swadhar Greh

Scheme It is implemented by Union Ministry of Women and Child Development. It aims to ensure economic and social security to women in distress or victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity. It envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women.

China-Maldives Friendship Bridge: First cross-sea bridge in the Maldives inaugurated

Source: I.E

China-Maldives Friendship Bridge was recently opened for traffic. It is first cross-sea bridge to be built in Maldives. It was China’s flagship infrastructure project in Maldives. It is considered as iconic project of China and Maldives cooperation towards building 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

China-Maldives Friendship Bridge

It is 2.2 km long bridge and has four vehicle lanes and two pedestrian lanes. It connects Maldives capital city Male and neighbouring Hulhule island where island country’s main international airport is located. It will allow locals and tourists to transfer between the two islands on land within ve minutes. The bridge was built with Chinese grant of $116 million. Apart from the grant, China also had provided $72 million as loan for 1.4 km section bridge as top up to the grant.

4th BIMSTEC summit concludes with adaptation of Kathmandu Declaration

Source: I.E

The 4th BIMSTEC Summit concluded in Kathmandu with signing and adoption of Kathmandu Declaration by all the seven members (India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand). After conclusion of summit, current chair of BIMSTEC, Nepal PM KP Sharma Oli also handed over Chairmanship of next (fifth) BIMSTEC Summit to Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena. During this summit, foreign ministers of BIMSTEC member countries had signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on establishment of BIMSTEC Grid Interconnection.

Kathmandu Declaration

18-point Kathmandu Declaration aims to enhance effectiveness of BIMSTEC Secretariat by engaging it in various technical and economic activities in the region. It acknowledges importance of trade and investment as one of major contributing factors for fostering economic and social development in the region. It also deplored terrorist attacks in all parts of the world, including in BIMSTEC countries, and strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms.

It also reiterated strong commitment of BIMSTEC countries to combat terrorism and called upon all countries to devise comprehensive approach in this regard. Member countries also agreed to expedite conclusion of BIMSTEC Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters and called upon member states for its early ratication. It also expressed satisfaction that many member states have ratied BIMSTEC Convention on Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism, Transnational Organized Crime and Illicit Drug Trafficking.

BIMSTEC countries also agreed to establish seamless multi-modal transportation linkages and smooth, synchronized and simplied transit facilities through the development, expansion and modernization of highways, railways, waterways, sea routes and airways in the region. They also decided to speed up efforts to conclude BIMSTEC Coastal Shipping Agreement and BIMSTEC Motor Vehicle Agreement as early as possible taking into account special circumstances and needs of the member states.

BIMSTEC countries also decided for early conclusion of BIMSTEC Free Trade Area (FTA) negotiations, and directed the BIMSTEC Trade and Economic Ministerial Meeting and its subsidiary bodies, including Trade Negotiating Committee, to expedite finalization of all related agreements of FTA as early as possible. BIMSTEC countries also called for exploring possibility of establishing BIMSTEC Development Fund with voluntary contributions from member states. The fund will be utilized for research and planning of BIMSTEC and financing of projects, and other activities of regional organization.

India, Pakistan agree to undertake Indus Waters Treaty mandated tours in Indus basin on both sides

Source: I.E

India and Pakistan have agreed to undertake Indus Waters Treaty 1960 mandated tours by their water commissioners in Indus basin on both sides to resolve issues on various hydroelectric projects in Jammu and Kashmir. This was decided in recently concluded high-level bilateral talks on Indus Waters Treaty in Lahore, Pakistan.

Highlights on high-level bilateral talks

Deliberations were held on further strengthening the role of Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) for matters under 1960 Treaty. Technical discussions were also held on implementation of various hydroelectric projects under provisions of Indus Waters Treaty including Pakal Dul (1000 MW) and Lower Kalnai (48 MW) in Jammu and Kashmir. India has invited Pakistani experts to visit sites of Pakal Dul and Lower Kalnai hydropower projects on Chenab river in September 2018 to address its concerns over construction of the projects. During the talks India rejected Pakistan’s objections to the construction work and has hinted at continuation of the work on both the hydropower projects. It was agreed to hold the next meeting of the PIC in India on mutually convenient dates.


Pakistan is demanding reduction of height of Pakal Dul’s reservoir up to ve meters, maintenance of 40-meter height above sea level and making spillways’ gates of Pakal Dul project. Besides it is also asking for clarification of pattern and mechanism for water storage, releases and some technical concerns over design of Lower Kalnai hydropower project from India.

Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)

IWT is water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan which was brokered by World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). It deals with sharing of water of Indus water system having six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries.

It was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan in Karachi on September 19, 1960. It is most successful water treaty in world as it has survived India-Pakistan wars of 1965, 1971 and the 1999 Kargil standoff besides Kashmir insurgency since 1990.

As per treaty, control over three eastern rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej are with India. While control over three western rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab was given to Pakistan. It allows India to use only 20% of the water of Indus river, which owns through it rest, for irrigation, power generation and transport.

The treaty also sets out mechanism for cooperation and information exchange between two countries regarding their use of the rivers. It sets up Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) as a bilateral commission to implement and manage the treaty. It also makes mandatory for both countries to appoint water commissioners, who are required to meet twice a year and arrange technical visits to projects’ sites.

The commission solves disputes arising over water sharing. Besides, treaty also provides arbitration mechanism to solve disputes amicably. The World Bank’s role in relation to “disputes” and “differences” with respect of IWT is limited to the designation of people to full certain roles when requested by either or both of the parties.



Family Law Reform

Source: The Hindu

Context: Law Commission has released a Consultation Paper on Family Law Reform. This consultation on family law reforms in India discusses a range of provisions within all family laws, secular or personal, and suggests a number of changes to in the form of potential amendments and fresh enactments.


Reform family law: As general suggestions to reforming family law, the paper discusses the introduction of new grounds for ‘no fault’ divorce accompanied by corresponding changes to provisions on alimony and maintenance, rights of differently-abled individuals within marriage, the thirty-day period for registration of marriages under Special Marriage Act; uncertainty and inequality in age of consent for marriage, compulsory registration of marriage, bigamy upon conversion etc.

Under Hindu law the paper among other issues discusses problems with provisions like restitution of conjugal rights, and further suggests the inclusion of concepts such as ‘community of property’ of a married couple, abolition of coparcenary, rights of illegitimate children et al.  There are further suggestions for addressing self-acquired property of a Hindu female.

Under Muslim law the paper discusses the reform in inheritance law through codification of Muslim law on inheritance, but ensuring that the codified law is gender just. The paper also discusses the rights of a widow, and the changes application to general laws such as introduction of community of (self-acquired) property after marriage, inclusion of irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce.

Under Parsi law there are suggestions relating to protecting married women’s right to inherit property even if they marry outside their community.

Adoption process: The paper also suggests the expansion of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015, to make it into a robust secular law that can be accessed by individuals of all communities for adoption. There are suggestions for amending the guidelines for adoption and also a suggestion to alter the language of the Act to accommodate all gender identities. The paper discusses lacunae within custody and guardianship laws, statutory or customary, and suggests that the ‘best interest of the child’ has to remain the paramount consideration in deciding matters of custody regardless of any prevailing personal law in place.

Special attention to North- East: Although the sixth schedule provides exemptions and exemptions to states in the North East and tribal areas, it has suggested that efforts of women’s organisations in these areas be acknowledged and relied upon in this regard to suggest ways in which family law reform could be aided by the state even when direct intervention may not be possible. Since a number of these issues such as polygamy, nikah halala, settlement of a Parsi wife’s property for benefit of children, as well as the law on adultery among others is presently sub judice before the Supreme Court, they have been discussed in the paper.

Views on Uniform Civil Code:

The Law Commission feels that a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is “neither necessary nor desirable at this stage.”

Why is UCC is not desirable at this point?

Secularism cannot contradict the plurality prevalent in the country. Besides, cultural diversity cannot be compromised to the extent that our urge for uniformity itself becomes a reason for threat to the territorial integrity of the nation.

The term ‘secularism’ has meaning only if it assures the expression of any form of difference. This diversity, both religious and regional, should not get subsumed under the louder voice of the majority. At the same time, discriminatory practices within a religion should not hide behind the cloak of that faith to gain legitimacy.

What is needed now?

The way forward may not be UCC, but the codification of all personal laws so that prejudices and stereotypes in every one of them would come to light and can be tested on the anvil of fundamental rights of the Constitution. By codification of different personal laws, one can arrive at certain universal principles that prioritise equity rather than imposition of a Uniform Code, which would discourage many from using the law altogether, given that matters of marriage and divorce can also be settled extra-judicially.

Way ahead:

Difference does not always imply discrimination in a robust democracy. A unified nation does not necessarily need to have “uniformity.” Efforts have to be made to reconcile our diversity with universal and indisputable arguments on human rights.

What is uniform civil code?

Uniform civil Code is a proposal to have a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion.

What the constitution says?

Article 44 of the Constitution says that there should be a Uniform Civil Code. According to this article, “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. Since the Directive Principles are only guidelines, it is not mandatory to use them.


Department of Official Language

Source: Pib

Context: The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh recently chaired first review meeting of the Department of Official Language of MHA to discuss the functioning and issues related to implementation of Hindi language in official work.

Department of Official Language:

With a view to ensuring compliance of the constitutional and legal provisions regarding official language and to promote the use of Hindi for the official purposes of the Union, the Department of Official Language was set up in June 1975 as an independent Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Since then, this Department has been making efforts for accelerating the progressive use of Hindi for the official purposes of the Union.

In accordance with the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, this Department has been entrusted with the following items of work:

  • Implementing the provisions of the Constitution relating to the Official Language and the provisions of the Official Languages Act, 1963 (19 of 1963), except to the extent such implementation has been assigned to any other Department.
  • Prior approval of the President for authorising the limited use of a language, other than English, in the proceedings in the High Court of a State.
  • Nodal responsibility for all matters relating to the progressive use of Hindi as the Official Language of the Union including Hindi Teaching Scheme for Central Government Employees and publication of magazines, journals & other literature related thereto.
  • Co-ordination in all matters relating to the progressive use of Hindi as the Official Language of the Union, including administrative terminology, syllabi, textbooks, training courses and equipment (with standardised script) required therefor.

Constitutional provisions:

Part 17 of the constitution of India (Articles 343 to Article 351)makes elaborate provisions dealing with the official language of the Republic of India. The main provisions dealing with the official language of the Union are embodied in Articles 343 and 344 of the Constitution of India. The Official languages have been listed in the 8th schedule of Constitution of India.

Official language of union:

Hindi written in Devanagari script is the Official Language of the Union.  The original constitution provided that for a period of 15 years from the commencement of the constitution, English will continue to be used for all official purposes of the Union.

The constitution made it clear that President may, during the said period, by order authorize the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union.

  • The constitution also makes it clear that even after 15 years, the Parliament by law may provide for the continued use of English for any specific purpose.
  • The constitution has put all authority in the hands of the central government both for formulating and implementing the language policy.
  • It is also special responsibility of the centre to develop and spread the official language (Hindi) of the union (art. 351).

Facts for Prelims:

The department has developed a computer software called “Kanthasth”for translating the all kinds of official files from English to Hindi and vice versa to make the translation work simpler and quicker.

An E-learning platform called the “Pravah” also being developed by the department for use in 16 Indian languages including English. Anybody can learn Hindi through his mother tongue with the help of this E-learning platform.

BIMSTEC summit

Source: Pib

Context: Fourth BIMSTEC summit was recently held in Nepal. The member states have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the establishment of a Bimstec Gird Interconnection to enhance energy cooperation among the member states.

THEME OF BIMSTEC SUMMIT 2018: The theme of the fourth BIMSTEC summit is ‘Towards a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable Bay of Bengal region’.

Kathmandu Declaration:

The Fourth BIMSTEC Summit concluded with an 18-point Kathmandu Declaration. The declaration is expected to enhance the effectiveness of BIMSTEC Secretariat by engaging it in various technical and economic activities in the region.

Key highlights:

The Kathmandu Declaration has underlined the importance of multidimensional connectivity as a key enabler to economic integration for shared prosperity of the region. The declaration also highlighted the importance of trade and investment as one of the major contributing factors for fostering economic and social development in the region.

The declaration said the “fight against terrorism should target not only terrorists, terror organizations and networks but also identify and hold accountable States and non-State entities that encourage, support or finance terrorism, provide sanctuaries to terrorists and terror groups and falsely extol their virtues.”

It asked all nations to devise a comprehensive approach which should include preventing financing of terrorists and terrorist actions from territories under their control, blocking recruitment and cross-border movement of terrorists, countering radicalisation, countering misuse of internet for purposes of terrorism and dismantling terrorist safe havens.

It said that combating terrorism and transnational organized crimes require sustained efforts and cooperation and comprehensive approach involving active participation and collaboration of the Member States.

The declaration also recognized that eradication of poverty is the greatest regional challenge in realizing development objectives and expressed firm commitment to work together for implementing the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development.


The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is a regional organization comprising of seven member states in South Asia and Southeast Asia lying in littoral and adjacent areas of Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity.


This sub-regional organization came into being on June 6, 1997, through the Bangkok Declaration. It is headquartered in Dhaka, Bangladesh.


It comprises of seven member countries: five deriving from South Asia — including Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka — and two from Southeast Asia, including Myanmar and Thailand.


  • Initially, the economic bloc was formed with four Member States with the acronym ‘BIST-EC’ (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand Economic Cooperation).
  • Following the inclusion of Myanmar during a special Ministerial Meeting in Bangkok on December 22, 1997, the group was renamed ‘BIMST-EC’ (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand Economic Cooperation).
  • With the admission of Nepal and Bhutan at the 6th Ministerial Meeting in February 2004, the name of the grouping was changed to ‘Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation’ (BIMSTEC).

Objectives of BIMSTEC:

  • BIMSTEC is a sector-driven cooperative organization. Technological and economic cooperation among South Asian and Southeast Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal is its main objective.
  • Starting with six sectors-including trade, technology, energy, transport, tourism and fisheries-for sectoral cooperation in late 1997, it expanded to embrace nine more sectors-including agriculture, public health, poverty alleviation, counter-terrorism, environment, culture, people to people contact and climate change-in 2008.


India Post Payments Bank

Source: Pib

Context: India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) has been launched. It will focus on providing banking and financial services to people in rural areas, by leveraging the reach of 1.55 lakh post office branches. The government aims to link all the 1.55 lakh post offices to the India Post Payments Bank system by 31 December, 2018.


In 2015, RBI had granted ‘in-principle’ approval to 11 entities, including Department of Posts, to set up payments banks and proposed to give such licenses ‘on tap’ basis in future.

What is IPPB?

The India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) is a public sector company under the department of posts and ministry of communication with a 100 percent equity of the government of India, and governed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Key facts:

  • It started operations on 30 January, 2017, by opening two pilot branches, one at Raipur and the other at Ranchi.
  • India Post Payments Bank will offer 4 percent interest rate on savings accounts.
  • India Post Payments Bank will offer a range of products such as savings and current accounts, money transfer, direct benefit transfers, bill and utility payments, and enterprise and merchant payments.
  • India Post Payments Bank has been allowed to link around 17 crore postal savings bank (PSB) accounts with its accounts.

What are payment banks?

Payment banks are non-full service banks, whose main objective is to accelerate financial inclusion. These banks have to use the word ‘Payment Bank’ in its name which will differentiate it from other banks.

Key facts:

Capital requirement: The minimum paid-up equity capital for payments banks is Rs. 100 crore.

Leverage ratio: The payments bank should have a leverage ratio of not less than 3%, i.e., its outside liabilities should not exceed 33.33 times its net worth (paid-up capital and reserves).

Promoter’s contribution: The promoter’s minimum initial contribution to the paid-up equity capital of such payments bank shall at least be 40% for the first five years from the commencement of its business.

Foreign shareholding: The foreign shareholding in the payments bank would be as per the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy for private sector banks as amended from time to time.

SLR: Apart from amounts maintained as Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) with the Reserve Bank on its outside demand and time liabilities, it will be required to invest minimum 75% of its “demand deposit balances” in Statutory Liquidity Ratio(SLR) eligible Government securities/treasury bills with maturity up to one year and hold maximum 25% in current and time/fixed deposits with other scheduled commercial banks for operational purposes and liquidity management.

What are the scopes of activities of Payment Banks?

  • Payments banks will mainly deal in remittance services and accept deposits of up to Rs 1 lakh.
  • They will not lend to customers and will have to deploy their funds in government papers and bank deposits.
  • The promoter’s minimum initial contribution to equity capital will have to be at least 40% for the first five years.
  • They can accept demand deposits.
  • Payments bank will initially be restricted to holding a maximum balance of Rs. 100,000 per individual customer.
  • They can issue ATM/debit cards but not credit cards.
  • They can carry out payments and remittance services through various channels.
  • Distribution of non-risk sharing simple financial products like mutual fund units and insurance products etc. is allowed.

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)

Source: Pib

Context: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has made public 13 standardized state-of-the-art ship designs suitable for large barge haulage on river Ganga (National Waterway-1).

Benefits of new designs:

  • The specially designed vessels will navigate on low drafts with high carrying capacity and at the same time, environment-friendly. For the shipbuilding industry, the new designs will translate into a savings of Rs 30-50 lakhs in the building of a vessel.
  • The designs will remove ambiguity on the class and type of vessels that can sail on river Ganga with efficient maneuverability. They will help shipyards build vessels of standardized dimensions and capacity and make them available off the shelf besides developing the ‘sale and purchase’ market for inland vessels. The designs will lead to reduced fuel costs and in turn lesser logistics costs.
  • These vessels will sail even in depths of about two metres carrying about 350 cars on a five-deck car carrier. Some of the designs would enable movement of bulk cargo carriers with capacity of 2500 tonnes at three metres depth, thereby, removing almost 150 truckloads of pressure from the road or one full rail rake with the plying of just one such vessel.
  • The new designs will obviate the dependence of Indian Shipbuilders on foreign ship designs for IWT and prove to be a boost to ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government.

Way ahead:

This marks attaining of a critical milestone in the growth of the country’s Inland Water Transport (IWT) sector as it will help overcome the unique navigation challenges river Ganga throws due to its complex river morphology, hydraulics, acute bends, shifting channels, meanders and current. It will serve as an enabler for domestic shipbuilding industry working on inland vessels and open huge possibilities for cargo and passenger movement on National Waterway-1.

About Jal Marg Vikas Project:

What is it? The Jal Marg Vikas Project seeks to facilitate plying of vessels with capacity of 1,500-2,000 tonnes in the Haldia- Varanasi stretch of the River Ganga. The major works being taken up under JMVP are development of fairway, Multi-Modal Terminals, strengthening of river navigation system, conservancy works, modern River Information System (RIS), Digital Global Positioning System (DGPS), night navigation facilities, modern methods of channel marking etc.

Implementation: The JMVP, which is expected to be completed by March, 2023, is being implemented with the financial and technical support of the World Bank. The project will enable commercial navigation of vessels with the capacity of 1500-2,000 tons on NW-I.

Benefits of this project: Alternative mode of transport that will be environment friendly and cost effective. The project will contribute in bringing down the logistics cost in the country. Mammoth Infrastructure development like multi-modal and inter-modal terminals, Roll on – Roll off (Ro-Ro) facilities, ferry services, navigation aids. Socio-economic impetus; huge employment generation.

Know about IWAI:

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the statutory authority in charge of the waterways in India. Its headquarters is located in Noida, UP. It does the function of building the necessary infrastructure in these waterways, surveying the economic feasibility of new projects and also administration.

Facts for Prelims:

NW 1: Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system from Allahabad to Haldia was declared as National Waterway No.1. States covered under NW-1: States: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal.


Supreme Court adjourns hearing on validity of Article 35A till January 2019

Source: I.E

• The Supreme Court on August 31, 2018 adjourned hearing on petitions challenging constitutional validity of Article 35 A to second week of January 2019.
• The Article empowers the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to define the state’s permanent residents and their special rights and it bars outsiders from buying immovable property in the state.
• Earlier, the Centre and Jammu and Kashmir government referred to upcoming local body polls in state and sought adjournment of hearing on petitions against Article 35A.
• The state government told the apex court that any debate and discussion on Article 35 A would have direct repercussions on the law and order situation in the state.
• The local body polls in the state will be held from September and will continue till December. They will be held in 8 phases.

Indian-American scientist finds simple way to predict bowel disease

Source: I.E

• An Indian-American scientist has identified as many as 50 protein biomarkers that can non-invasively detect inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a gut disorder that leads to diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and weight loss.
• Chander Mohan, a professor at University of Houston in the US, along with IBD expert Subra Kugathasan, a gastroenterologist at Emory University in the US, is examining stool protein biomarkers that indicate the disease.
• IBD occurs when the body’s immune system fights its intestinal cells. Two of the most common types are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, both of which cause inflammation in the digestive tract.

China to limit number of online games over myopia fears

Source: I.E

• The Chinese Government on August 30, 2018 unveiled its plans to control the number of online games as part of an effort to prevent myopia among children.
• The education ministry said in a statement that the authorities will regulate and control the total number of internet games, as well as the number of new titles.
• The statement, which was signed by eight ministries, said that the authorities will also explore an age-appropriate alert system and take actions to limit the amount of gaming hours among children.
• The plan is the latest move to tighten government oversight over the country’s fast-growing and highly popular video game industry and a new blow to their stock market fortunes.
• China has a high rate of myopia among students at an increasingly younger age.

Amethi village to go digital from Sept 1

Source: I.E

• Pindara Thakur village under coveted Amethi parliamentary constituency of Congress president Rahul Gandhi would go fully digital from September 1, 2018.
• Located in Musafirkhana tehsil of the district, the village would go digital under the Digital India Programme of the Union government.
• It would be digitally linked to the outside world in a formal ceremony on September 1, 2018 by Smriti Irani. Irani had fought the 2014 Lok Sabha elections from Amethi but had lost to Gandhi by over 1 lakh votes.
• The villagers of Pindara Thakur would be linked with Wi Fi Chaupal and they would be able to use 2 GB free data for the first 15 days and later avail the service at cheaper rates.
• Irani will also inaugurate the ‘Digital India Banking Service’ at the head post office of Amethi in Amethi town to boost the payment services in post offices.

EC appoints Anand Kumar as Rajasthan CEO

Source: I.E

• The Election Commission of India (ECI) on August 30, 2018 nominated senior IAS officer Anand Kumar as the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Rajasthan replacing Ashwini Bhagat.
• The ECI in consultation with the government of Rajasthan nominated Kumar on the post with effect from the date he takes charge and until further orders.
• The decision comes a barely months ahead of Assembly elections in the state, which are due this year end.
• Kumar, who was posted as principal secretary of medical education department in Rajasthan, replaces Bhagat who was holding the post since November 2016.

Nitu clinches second successive gold at world youth boxing championships

• Defending champion Nitu (48kg) claimed her second successive gold at the world youth boxing championships with a gritty performance in the final in Budapest on August 30, 2018.
• The Haryana-boxer, who is also an Asian champion, defeated Thailand’s Nillada Meekoon in a split decision on the first day of summit clashes in which she was the only Indian in action here.
• She had won her previous world championship gold last year when the event was held in Guwahati.
• Also in the finals are Asian champion Manisha (64kg), Anamika (51kg) and Sakshi (57kg). They will be in action tomorrow.

ICAR Organizes 2-Day Conference On Motivating & Attracting Youth in Agriculture 

In order to meet the challenge of providing sustainable livelihoods for a rapidly growing population and to motivate and attract youth in agriculture, Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary (DARE) & Director General (ICAR), inaugurated a two-day conference at NASC, New Delhi on Motivating and Attracting Youth in Agriculture (MAYA).

The two-day conference provides an opportunity to all stakeholders to interact and discuss various options and avenues for not only attracting youth to agriculture but even motivating them towards entrepreneurship in agriculture and allied fields.

Indian Railways And GAIL Sign MoU For Use Of Natural Gas in Railway Workshops 

Source: I.E

In order to replace Industrial gases like Dissolved Acetylene, LPG, BMCG and Furnace Oil / High Speed Diesel (HSD) oil with environment friendly Natural Gas, Indian Railways has signed a MoU with GAIL (India) Limited, to provide infrastructure facilities for supply of Natural Gas to Indian Railways Workshops, Production Units and Depots at Rail Bhavan.

This MoU is a broad-based, in principle agreement, between GAIL and Indian Railways for the creation of infrastructure and supply of CNG/LNG/PNG for both industrial and domestic purposes.

Ashwani Lohani is the present Chairman of Indian Railways.

Piyush Goyal is the present Cabinet Minister of Indian Railways.

 India and ADB Sign $346 Million Loan to Improve State Highways in Karnataka 

Source: I.E

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $346 million loan to finance improvement of over 400 kilometers of state highways that will enhance connectivity and access to economic centers across 12 districts in Karnataka. 

An ongoing road improvement project financed by ADB with a loan of $315 million is under implementation, which involves upgradation of about 615 kilometers of state roads.

The Asian Development Bank is a regional development Bank established in 1966.

Headquarters of ADB is in Manila, Philippines.

Takehiko Nakao is Present President of the Asian Development Bank.

 NITI Aayog Kickstarts Action On MOVE: India’s 1st Global Mobility Summit 2018 

Source: I.E

NITI, Aayog Vice Chairman Dr. Rajiv Kumar, and Chief Executive Officer Amitabh Kant, unveiled a series of events to take place in the ‘Mobility Week’ from 31 August to 6 September 2018, in the run-up to MOVE: The Global Mobility Summit 2018 on 7 and 8 September 2018 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

The, Summit will be inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.

IWAI Makes India’s 1st Standardized Modern Ship Design for Ganga a Reality 

Source: I.E

Inland, Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) made public 13 standardized state-of-the-art ship designs suitable for large barge haulage on river Ganga (National Waterway-1) This marks attaining a critical milestone in the growth of the country’s Inland Water Transport (IWT) sector.

The, Government is implementing Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) for capacity augmentation of navigation on NW-1 (Varanasi-Haldia stretch) at a cost of Rs 5369.18 crore with the technical assistance and investment support of the World Bank.

Nitin Jairam Gadkari is the Minister of Road Transport and Highways and Minister of Shipping.

HRD Ministry Introduces ‘Atal Ranking’ For Institutions 

Source: I.E

To, promote a culture of innovation and research in higher education, the human resource development (HRD) ministry launched the Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARRIA), Union minister Prakash Javadekar announced.

Named, after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the ARRIA “will rank educational institutions for innovation output based on all major indicators and parameters used globally”.

Indian Naval Ship Sahyadri Reaches Australia For Exercise KAKADU 2018 

INS Sahyadri entered the Port of Darwin, Australia to participate in Exercise KAKADU 2018. 
 Exercise KAKADU, which started in 1993, is the premier multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

The exercise is held biennially in Darwin and the Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA). Exercise Kakadu derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is in Australia.

Admiral Sunil Lanba is the present chief of Naval Staff of Indian Navy.

6th RCEP Ministerial Meeting Begins In Singapore 

Source: I.E

Union Minister of Commerce& Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, is leading the Indian delegation for the 6th RCEP Trade Ministers’ Meeting which has begun in Singapore.

The Minister will participate in the meeting consisting of 10 ASEAN countries and six ASEAN FTA partners namely, India, China, Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. 

ASEAN stands for Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

ASEAN is amongst the fastest growing markets in the world and presents substantial trade and investments opportunities for India.

ASEAN has emerged as the second largest trade partner of India in 2017-18 with bilateral trade valued at US$ 81.33 billion, comprising 10.58% of India’s total trade with the world.

 Balesh Sharma Appointed Vodafone Idea’s 1st CEO 

Source: I.E

Balesh Sharma takes over as Vodafone Idea’s first CEO. He was the Chief Operating Officer of Vodafone India and a member of its executive committee.

Sharma holds degrees in Mechanical Engineering and MBA (Marketing and Finance) from the University of Rajasthan.

Idea Cellular Completes Merger With Vodafone 

Source: I.E

Idea Cellular Ltd has announced that it has completed its merger with Vodafone India Ltd (VIL) and Vodafone Mobile Services Ltd (VMSL) after getting approval from the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).

Consequent to the merger of Vodafone Mobile Services with the company, the board has allotted 3,89,39,27,522 equity shares of Rs. 10 each to VIL (the shareholder of VMSL).

 Women’s 4x400m Relay Team Wins Gold 

India won gold in the women’s 4X400 meter event.
The Indian quartet of Hima Das, Raju Poovamma, Saritaben Laxmanbhai Gayakwad and Vismaya Koroth registered a time of 3 minutes and 28.72 seconds to finish at the top of the podium. India clinched the silver medal in the men’s 4X400 meter event.

Asian Games 2018: Jinson Johnson Wins Gold in Men’s 1500m Event 

Source: I.E

India’s Jinson Johnson claimed the gold medal in the men’s 1500m event in the Asian Games 2018 in Jakarta, Indonesia. Manjit Singh, 800m champion, however, finished fourth.

Johnson clocked 3:44.72 sec to claim the top honours ahead of Iran’s Amir Moradi, who turned in a timing of 3:45.62sec, his season’s best effort. Johnson earlier won a silver in the 800m event.