Question of the day | Legal terms lists August 31, 2018

Question of the day Principle: Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts that property to his own use, or dishonestly uses the dispose of that property in violation of any direction of law prescribing the mode in which such trust has to be discharged, or of any legal contract, express or implied which he has made touching the discharge of such trust, commits criminal breach of trust. Facts: A residing in Calcutta, is an agent for Z, residing at Delhi. There is an express or implied contract between A and Z, that all sums remitted by Z to A… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS AUGUST 31, 2018

Government asks States to ban e-cigarettes Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare issued advisory to all states and Union Territories to not allow manufacture, sale, and advertisement of e-cigarettes and other Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS). It also has issued warning that use e-cigarettes and other ENDS devices pose great health risk to public at large, especially to children and pregnant women. NVIDIA made deep learning technology partner of NITI Aayog for Move Hack Union Government’s premier think tank NITI Aayog has made computer chip manufacturer NVIDIA its deep learning technology partner to support its Move Hack event. Move Hack is global mobility hackathon event organized by NITI Aayog… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal terms lists August 30, 2018

Question of the day Principle 1: An agreement entered into with a minor is void ab initio. Any agreement entered into with a major is valid. Principle 2: A minor is anyone who is below the age of 18 years. Principle 3: A person who supplies necessities of life to a minor is entitled to be reimbursed for such supply. Facts: Mr. Gupta owned a furniture shop. Puneet, a 9th student wanted a study table for his room. His father Nitin was not allowing him to buy it. Puneet visited Mr. Gupta’s Shop and offered to buy a study table for 5000/- rupees. Mr. Gupta looked at Puneet and realized… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS AUGUST 30, 2018

India’s first biofuel flight was powered by jatropha seeds India’s first first-ever environment-friendly biofuel-powered flight between Dehradun and Delhi was propelled by blend of oil from jatropha seeds and aviation turbine fuel. The 43- minute flight was operated by SpiceJet’s Bombardier Q-400 aircraft, with 20 officials and five crew members on board. River Ganga drying up in summers due to groundwater depletion: Study   According to recent study conducted by IIT-Kharagpur, River Ganga has witnessed unprecedented low levels of water in several lower reaches in last few summer seasons. The study was carried out under IIT-KGP Science and Heritage Initiative (SANDHI) Initiative, which focuses on river systems and its relationship… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal Terms Lists August 29, 2018

Question of the day Principle 1: Confession is an admission made at any time by a person charged with a crime stating or suggesting the inference that he committed that crime. Accused can be convicted on the basis of the confession. Principle 2: No confession made by any person whilst he is in the custody of a police-officer unless it is made in the immediate presence of a Magistrate, shall be proved as against such person. Facts: Gauri was charged with the murder of her husband and was taken into the custody of the police, a friend of Gauri also accompanied her. The policeman left Gauri with her friend and went away to have a cup… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal terms Lists August 28, 2018

Question of the day Principle: A registered trademark is infringed by a person, who not being a registered proprietor or a person using by way of permitted use, uses in the course of trade, a mark which is identical with or deceptively similar to the trademark in relation to goods or service in respect of which the trademark is registered. Facts: Shyam runs a cosmetic company and has its registered trademark EYETEX. Shashank also runs a cosmetic company with the trademark “EYESEE”. When Shyam came to know about this fact, he sued Shashank company for infringement of his trademark. Will he succeed? Decide? (a) No, because both the words are different. (b) Yes, because “EYETEX… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS AUGUST 28,2018

Committee chaired by Secy, Corporate Affairs on review of penal provisions of Company Act 2013 submitted its  final report to Shri Arun Jaitley On August 27, 2018, the Committee constituted by Government of India in July 2018  to review framework dealing with offences under the Companies Act, 2013  submitted its report to the Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley. Objective: To promote better corporate compliance. Key Points: i. This report is presented by the Secretary, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Shri Injeti Srinivas, who chaired the committee. ii. It had a detailed analysis of all penal provisions in 8 categories based on the  nature of offences. iii. The recommendations are: To relieve Special Courts from adjudicating routine offences: Re-categorization of 16 out… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal terms Lists August 27, 2018

Question of the day Principle: A master shall be liable for the fraudulent acts of his servants committed in the course of employment. Facts: Shraddha owned 2 cottages and not satisfied with the income, approached the office of Duke & Co., a firm of solicitors for consultation. The managing clerk, Prateek advised her to sell cottages & invest the money in a better way. She was asked to sign 2 documents supposed to be sale deeds but were actually the gift deeds in the name of Prateek. He then disposed off the property & misappropriated the proceeds thereby acting solely for the personal benet & without the knowledge of Duke &… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS August 27, 2018

Bhopal and Kolkata topped in CSE rankings of ‘Urban Commute’ on clean transportation On August 26, 2018, the New Delhi-based think tank, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) released its analysis – titled The Urban Commute in Kolkata on pollution in urban commute. Objective: To understand the way people travel how it contributes to air pollution and energy consumption. About the analysis: i. It is a study analyzed by CSE that ranks the 14 cities on the basis of emissions of heat-trapping carbon dioxide and toxic pollutants in urban commute. ii. The 14 cities studied include Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad (henceforth called megacities); and Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Lucknow, Kochi, Bhopal, Vijayawada and Chandigarh (grouped as metropolitan cities). The… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal Terms Lists August 25, 2018

Question of the day  Principle: When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner as if it were done by him alone. Facts: Shreya, Nidhi, and Neha were good friends and roommates in a hostel. However, Shreya always use to score more than Nidhi and Neha in every subject. Nidhi and Neha were always jealous of this fact. So, to teach Shreya a lesson Nidhi and Neha decided to steal the mobile phone and the notebooks of Shreya. When Neha and Nidhi were stealing it, Shreya came and in… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS AUGUST 25, 2018

Government imposed standard environment clearing conditions for 25 sectors; Expert committee has been constituted On August 24, 2018, to give proper general guidance to companies seeking environment clearance, the government has given standard environment clearing conditions for 25 sectors. Objective: This would ensure uniformity on stipulated terms and conditions across the projects and sectors. Key Points: i. The 25 sectors include: iron, steel, cement, coal, petroleum refineries industry, paper and pulp industries, hydro-electric projects, industrial estates, among others. ii. The government has also constituted green panel called Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) that would assess projects. iii. The EAC can modify, delete and add conditions based on the project-specific requirements. iv. Their recommendations would enable the Environment Ministry to grant the… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal Terms Lists August 24, 2018

Question of the day Question: Nitin started to drive his Tata Nano in the highway after gulping down two bottles of whiskey. Isaac was driving his Reva NXR with the headlights turned off. They collided resulting in an injury on Isaac’s head. Nitin, who was highly intoxicated, had only a narrow chance to avoid the collision, but because of the high levels of alcohol in his blood, he was unable to do so. Isaac sued Nitin for negligence. Will he succeed? Principle: A person is liable for the tort of negligence if he breaches a legal duty of care he owes to the plaintiff, and the plaintiff suffered a damage… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS AUGUST 24, 2018

2 day Visit of Japanese Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera to India on 19-20 August 2018 i. The Defence Minister of Japan Mr. Itsunori Onodera visited India for the first time for 2 days at the invitation of the Defence Minister of India Smt Nirmala Sitharaman from 19 to 20 August 2018. ii. Defence Minister of Japan called on the Prime Minister at the Annual Defence Ministerial Meeting iii. In the Raisina Dialogue, the flagship conference supported by the Government of India,  Japanese Chief of Staff, Joint Staff from the Defence Ministry of Japan participated for the first time. Following MOUs signed : Exchanges between the Japan Ground Self-Defence Force (JGSDF) and the Indian Army Exchanges… Read More

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Question of the day | Legal Terms Lists August 23, 2018

Question of the day Question: Prateek, who is Prakha’s younger brother, under the influence of madness, attempts to kill Sachan, who is Prakha’s boyfriend. Prakha, not knowing how to react, and seeing Sachan helpless and on the verge of being murdered, hits on Prateek’s head with an antique metal vase. Prateek dies on the spot. Can Prakha claim the right of private defence of body? Principle 1: Every person has a right to defend his own body, and the body of any other person, against any offence affecting the human body. Nothing is an offence which is done in the exercise of the right of private defence. Principle 2: The… Read More

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