DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 31, 2018

Top Court Declines Centre’s Offer To File Panel Report On Data Protection The Supreme Court today declined the Centre’s offer to place on record the report of Justice BN Srikrishna committee on “data protection” for perusal of the five-judge Constitution bench, which had reserved the verdict on pleas challenging the validity of Aadhaar. A five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, on May 10, had reserved the verdict on the pleas challenging the constitutional validity of Centre’s flagship Aadhaar scheme and its enabling 2016 law after a hearing that gone on for 38 days. Attorney General KK Venugopal, appearing for the Centre, today told the bench comprising CJI Misra… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 31-July-2018

Question of the day Question: The concept of judicial review has been borrowed from the Constitution of- (a) U.S.S.R. (b) U.K. (c) U.S.A. (d) Switzerland Legal terms of the day 1. Actionable per se – The very act is punishable and no proof of damage is required. 2. Ad hoc – For the particular end or case at hand. 3. Alibi – At another place, elsewhere. 4. Audi alteram partem – No man shall be condemned unheard. 5. Amicus Curiae – A friend of court or member of the Bar who is appointed to assist the Court.   Today’s answer of the question: C

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 30-July-2018

Question of the day Principle:  No Person shall be prosecuted for the same offence twice. Facts: Rajiv Chanda was driving his BMW when he drove the car on the pathway and crushed three people to death. Due to lack of evidence he is acquitted, now the prosecution finds eye witness and evidence against him. They want to prosecute him again. (a) Rajiv Chanda cannot be prosecuted again. (b) He can be prosecuted since there is fresh evidence against him. (c) He cannot be prosecuted as his grandfather was the chief of Army. (d) He can be prosecutes again as he was not punished at all. Legal terms of the day… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 28, 2018

SC for panels to examine dowry cases Sources: the hindu In a landmark judgment, aimed at putting an end to misuse of section 498A of the IPC that is dowry-related offences, the Supreme Court has proposed a slew of measures. They aim to put an end to the automatic arrest of the husband and his family members. Proposed measures: Special committees:Every complaint under Section 498A should henceforth will have to be referred to Family Welfare Committees – to be constituted at every district. No arrest shall be effected till report of such committee is received. Enquiry: The committee would interact with the parties personally or by means of telephonic or electronic communication and… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 28-July-2018

Question of the day Question: Public holidays are declared under- (a) Criminal Procedure Code (b) Civil Procedure Code (c) Constitution of India (d) Negotiable Instruments Act. Legal terms of the day 1. Voluntary manslaughter – Murder and voluntary manslaughter have the same meaning in law. But there are four deference that can reduce the crime in seriousness to manslaughter 2. Ward of court – a person who is protected by the High Court, such as a minor. 3. Warrant – is: a certificate which gives the person holding it the right to buy shares at a given price; a magistrate’s written instruction to arrest someone; 4. Warranty – a term in a contract. If the term… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 27, 2018

States can’t enact law on parliamentary secretaries: SC Sources: the hindu The Supreme Court has ruled that state assemblies hold no power to enact a law that enables them to appoint parliamentary secretaries. Background: The ruling came on a plea challenging the appointment of 13 MLAs as parliamentary secretaries by the Assam government in 2015. The verdict would also have an impact on the Aam Aadmi Party government’s decision to appoint 21 MLAs as parliamentary secretaries. The Delhi High Court too had quashed their appointments, saying ‘it lacked the approval of the lieutenant governor’.   What’s the issue? The question posed before the court was whether Article 194(3) and Entry 39 of… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 27-July-2018

Question of the day Question: If the tax rate increases with the higher level of income, it is called – (a) Progressive Tax (b) Proportional Tax (c) Lump sum Tax (d) Regressive Tax. Legal terms of the day 1. Vicarious liability – a situation where someone becomes responsible under the law for wrongs done by someone else. This often happens when an employee does something wrong while at work which becomes the employer’s responsibility (such as an employee working negligently and causing someone else to be hurt because of the negligence). 2. Violent disorder – three or more people in a gathering using or threatening to use unlawful violence. 3. Void – unable… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 26, 2018

Mekedatu: Karnataka replies to CWC Sources: the hindu The Karnataka State government has replied to clarifications sought by the Central Water Commission (CWC) on its proposal to build a balancing reservoir across the Cauvery at Mekedatu at a cost of Rs. 5,912 crore. Background: Karnataka had sought the CWC’s permission to start work on Mekedatu project, which has been opposed by Tamil Nadu alleging that it violates the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal order. The State had submitted the Detailed Project Report on Mekedatu to the chief engineer of CWC in June, 2017. After this, the CWC had sought a few clarifications on the DPR, including whether the project violates the… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 26-July-2018

Question of the day Question: Agni enters into a contract with Tanuj whereby Tanuj will supply Agni with 10 grams of cocaine for a specified amount. Is the contract void? Principle: If the consideration or object of an agreement is forbidden by law, or is of such a nature that would defeat the provisions of any law, or is fraudulent, or is injurious to the person or property of another or, the Court regards it as immoral, or opposed to public policy, then the object or consideration shall be deemed unlawful. Every agreement of which the object or consideration is unlawful is void. (a) Yes, because the contract is for… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 25, 2018

India, Bangladesh Navies to join hands Sources: the hindu Context: India and Bangladesh have agreed to institute a Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) as an annual feature between the two Navies. Significance of this move: The commencement of CORPAT is a major step towards the enhanced operational interaction between both Navies. It is aimed to consolidate bilateral defense relations between India and Bangladesh and to explore new avenues for naval cooperation.   Facts for Prelims: The Navy regularly conducts CORPATs with Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand. It also conducts EEZ surveillance of Maldives, Mauritius, and Seychelles on their request.   What’s important? For Prelims: CORPAT. For Mains: India’s defense cooperation with Bangladesh, Indian Navy’s… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 25-July-2018

Question of the day Question. Astha, who is a very good painter, is also a patient in a mental asylum, who, at intervals, is of sound mind. During one of these intervals, she entered into a relationship with Lopamudra to paint a picture of her for a specified amount. She, however, asked Lopamudra to pay her the entire amount in advance. One month later, on the day of delivery of the painting, Astha refused to perform the contract saying that she suffers from insanity. Can Lopamudra force performance? Principle: A person is said to be of sound mind for the purpose of making a contract if, at the time when… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 24, 2018

Government plans ‘I stand by my country’ campaign                             The government hopes to trigger a citizen movement around the theme ‘I stand by my country’ as part of a twin celebration to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Quit India movement and the 70th Independence Day What you need to know? As part of the programme, the government plans a multimedia campaign that will focus on inspiring the young generation and instilling in them a sense of pride and responsibility. The celebrations will stress that in the next five years — in an era of determination, will and struggle — a ‘New… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 24-July-2018

Question of the day Principle: Mere silence as to the facts likely to affect the willingness of a person to enter into a contract is not a fraud, unless the circumstances of the case are such that, on close examination it is found to be the duty of the person keeping silent to speak, or unless his silence is, in itself, equivalent to speech. Facts: X sells by auction to Y, a horse which X knows to be of unsound state of mind. X says nothing to Y about the horse’s unsound state of mind. Give the correct answer. (a) X can be held liable for fraud. (b) X can… Read More

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS JULY 23, 2018

India to expand polar research to the Arctic as well Three decades after its first mission to Antarctica, the government is refocusing priorities to the Arctic — because of opportunities and challenges posed by climate change. Recently India has renamed the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) as the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research. Note- NCAOR- Since 1998, charged with conducting expeditions to India’s base stations to the continent. It’s also in talks with Canada and Russia, key countries with the presence in the Arctic circle, to establish new observation systems, according to a source. Now, India only has one Arctic observation station near Norway. India… Read More

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Question of the Day | Legal Terms List 23-July-2018

Question of the day Question: The 61st amendment of Constitution in the year 1989 was related to (a) Voting age reduced from 21 to 18 (b) Konkani, Nepali, and Manipuri were included as the language in Eight Schedule (c) Introduction of Panchayati Raj, an addition of Part IX of Constitution (d) Sindhi added as a language in Eight Schedule. Legal terms of the day 1.  Res Judicata: a matter that has been adjudicated by a competent court and therefore may not pursued further by the same parties. 2. Quantum Merit: a reasonable sum of money to be paid for the services rendered or work done when the amount is due as not… Read More

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