LEGAL WORDS STARTING WITH A

 

Abandonmen  giving up a legal right.

Abatement is: cancelling a writ or action; stopping a nuisance; reducing the payments to creditors in proportion, if there is not enough       money to pay them in full; or reducing the bequests in a will, in proportion, when there is not enough money to pay them in full.

Abduction  taking someone away by force.

Ab initio   from the start of something. (This phrase is Latin.)

Abovementioned  describing something which has been referred to before in the document.

Abscond-   when a person fails to present themselves before the court when required, such as when they have been released on bail and not returned to court.

Absolute –  complete and unconditional.

Absolute discharge-  someone who has been convicted of an offence being released without any penalty. (They may still have to pay compensation though.)

Absolute owner –   the only owner of property such as equipment, buildings, land or vehicles.

Absolute privilege –  a defence which can be used in a case of defamation if the statement from which the defamation arose was:

  • made in Parliament;
  • in fair and accurate news reporting of court proceedings; or
  • made during court

Abstract of title-  a document, drawn up by the seller, summarising the title deeds to a property (such as a house).

Abuse of process – when criminal proceedings are brought against aperson without there being any good reason and with malice.

Abuttals –  the parts of the boundaries of a piece of land which touch pieces of land alongside.

Acceptance – when an offer is accepted unconditionally and a legally binding agreement is created.

Acceptance of service – when a solicitor accepts a writ on behalf of a client.

Acceptor  –   the organisation (such as a bank) which will pay the cheque or bill of exchange it has accepted.

Accessory – someone who encourages or helps another person to commit a crime.

Accomplice – someone who helps another person to commit a crime.

Accordingly – a word used in legal documents which means therefore or so.

Accounts  – the record of an organisation’s income, spending and financial situation.

Accumulation – reinvesting income generated by a fund back into the fund.

Accused –  the person charged with a criminal offence.

Acknowledgement – admitting that someone has a claim or admitting that a debt exists.

Acquit – when a court lets a person go without any penalty. If a court decides that a person is not guilty of a crime, or the case has not been proved, it will acquit the person.

Acquittal – the court’s decision that a person is innocent of the crime they were charged with.

Action –  using the law to make a claim.

Active trust –  a trust where the trustees have other responsibilities rather than to just let the beneficiaries have the trust’s assets when they ask for them.

Act of bankruptcy – an act which, if carried out by a person with debts, could have led to bankruptcy proceedings against that person.

Act of God –  an extreme naturally occurring event (such as an earthquake, avalanche or flood) that could not have been anticipated.

Actual bodily harm – hurting another person but less severely than would amount to grievous bodily harm.

Actual loss –  an insurance term which means that the insured item no longer exists.

Actuary – an expert on pension scheme assets and liabilities, life expectancy and probabilities (the likelihood of things happening) for insurance purposes. An actuary works out whether enough money is being paid into a pension scheme to pay the pensions when they are due.

Actus reus –  an act which is illegal, such as theft. (This term is Latin.)

Ademption – when a gift in a will cannot be made because the item no longer exists.

Ad hoc –  for a particular purpose. For example, a committee set up to deal with a particular situation is an ad hoc committee. (This term is Latin.)

Ad idem –  in agreement. (This term is Latin.)

Ad infinitum – endlessly or forever. (This term is Latin.)

Adjourned sine die –  when a court case has no date fixed for it to continue.

Adjournment –  postponing a court hearing.

Adjudge/adjudicate –  to give an official judgement about something. For example, if someone cannot pay their debts a court may adjudge them bankrupt.

Adjudication order – the former name for a court order which made someone bankrupt. It has now been replaced with the term bankruptcy order.

Administration order – an order made by a county court when a person or a company cannot pay their debts. Normally the court orders that the debts are repaid by instalments and as long as the debtor keeps to the order the creditors cannot do anything else to recover their money.

Administrator – someone who has been appointed:to manage the affairs of a bankrupt business; or to manage the estate of someone who has died without leaving a will.

Admission – one side in a case agreeing that something the other side has alleged is true.

Admonition –  reprimanding of a defendant by a judge even though the case against the defendant has been discharged (dropped).

Adoption –  the system which people use to become parents, even though they are not the child’s natural parents.

Adoptive child – a child who has been legally adopted.

Adoptive parent – a person who has legally adopted a child.

Ad valorem – in proportion to the value. An ad valorem duty goes up as the value of the goods, shares and so on that it is charged on rises. (This term is Latin.)

Adverse possession – intentionally occupying land to prevent the rightful owner or tenant using it.

Adverse witness – a witness who gives evidence which damages the case of the side which asked the witness to testify for them.

Advocate

  • the lawyer who speaks in court for a client; or
  • a Scottish lawyer who is the equivalent of a barrister in England and

Affidavit – a written statement which is sworn to be true by the person signing it. It is sworn before someone authorised by the court.

Affirm  –

  • solemnly promise to tell the truth in court;
  • solemnly promise to tell the truth in an affidavit;
  • confirm a decision made by a lower court; or
  • allow a contract to continue even though it could have been cancelled because it was fundamentally

Affirmation – solemnly promising to tell the truth when giving evidence. It is an alternative to swearing an oath when the person giving evidence does not wish to.

Affray –  fighting unlawfully. It is a criminal offence.

Aforementioned – describing something referred to previously in the document.

Aforesaid – describing something which has been said or referred to before in the document.

Agency – the relationship between a principal and an agent.

Agent –  someone appointed to act for a principal.

Age of consent – the age when a person can consent to have sexual intercourse. In the UK it is 16.

Aggravated assault – a more serious type of assault such as one leading to actual bodily harm.

Aggravated burglary – entering premises armed with a weapon, intending to steal goods.

Aggravated damages  –  extra damages awarded because the defendant has caused the victim anguish, loss of self-respect or shame.

Aggravated vehicle taking – stealing a vehicle, driving it dangerously and as  result injuring someone or damaging property.

Agricultural holding – a type of tenancy agreement for someone doing agricultural work. The tenant has special rights including, when the tenancy finishes, the right to compensation for improvements to the land. If the land has deteriorated the tenant must compensate the landlord.

Aiding and abetting – helping someone to commit a crime.

Airspace –  the space in the atmosphere directly above a piece of land. If you own a piece of land you also own the airspace above the land.

Alias – a false name.

Alibi – a claim that a person was elsewhere when a crime was committed. If someone is accused of a crime their alibi is:

  • evidence that the person was somewhere else when the crime was committed; or
  • an attempt to prove that the person was somewhere else when the crime was committed.

Alien –  someone from a foreign country.

Alienation –  transferring the ownership of property from one person to another.

All and sundry – everybody.

Allegation – an unproved statement declaring that something has happened.

Alleviate  –  to lessen or reduce.

Allocation rate   – the proportion of money left to be invested after charges have been taken off when money is paid into a fund (such as a pension fund). For example, if the charges were 2%, the allocation rate would be 98%.

Allotment  –  shares allocated to a buyer. An allotment of shares in a company gives the owner (of the allotment) an unconditional right to buy the shares at a fixed price.

All that –  words used in a conveyance to introduce the description of the property which is being conveyed.

Alternate director  –  a person appointed by a director to take the director’s place.

Alternative verdict –  a person being found guilty of a less serious crime than the one they were charged with. If a more serious charge has not been proved and the defendant has been found not guilty, the defendant may be found guilty of a less serious crime instead. For example, there may not be enough evidence to convict someone of a murder but there may still be enough for a manslaughter conviction. This is known as an alternative verdict.

Amalgamation  –  two or more companies combining.

Ambiguity –  capability of more than one meaning. When a statement’s meaning is not clear because it is capable of more than one meaning, it contains an ambiguity.

Ambulatory will  –  a will which can be revoked or changed while the person who made it is still living.

Amnesty  –  not punishing a person for an offence they have committed and removing details of the offence from the court’s records is giving the person an amnesty.

Ancient lights  –  the right not to have the light you receive from a neighbour’s land blocked.

Annual accounts  – the summary of an organisation’s financial transactions during the year covered by their accounts, and a ‘snapshot’ of the assets and liabilities at the end of the year.

Annual return –  a return which must be sent by companies to the Registrar of Companies. Each year the officers of a company have to fill in an annual return with details of the members, officers, shares issued and other information about the company. The return is then sent to Companies House for filing and is available for inspection by members of the public.

Annuitant  – the person who gets paid an annuity.

Annuity – an amount paid out every year to someone. The money usually comes from an insurance policy. It can be split up into smaller amounts and be paid out more frequently, such as monthly. It is usually paid for the rest of the beneficiary’s life.

 

Annul to cancel:

  • an invalid marriage; or
  • a bankruptcy

Ante –  before. (This is a Latin word.)

Antecedents –  details about the past of a defendant or a person found guilty of a crime. The information about previous crimes, background and bad behaviour is given to the court before the sentence is given.

Antenuptial agreement – a legal agreement between two people who are about to get married. The agreement sets out how the couple’s assets will be divided between them if they later divorce.

Anton Piller order  – an order by the High Court. It gives the applicant permission to search the defendant’s premises for evidence, inspect it and take it away. It is intended to prevent evidence being destroyed or hidden which would be relevant to the case. (Since April 1999, this has been known as a ‘search order’.)

Appeal – asking a court to overturn a lower court’s decision. If the decision of a court is disputed it may be possible to ask a higher court to consider the case again by lodging an appeal.

Appellant  –  the person who is appealing to a court against a decision of a lower court.

Appellate jurisdiction  –  the authority a court has to hear an appeal against a decision made by a lower court.

Applicant  – the person asking a court to do something.

Appointee  –  the person who gets the benefit of the use of a power of appointment.

Appointor –  the person who uses a power of appointment.

Appurtenances – minor rights in land such as a right to do something on the land.

Arbitrage is:

  • borrowing money at a low rate of interest to lend out again at a higher rate; or
  • buying and selling in different markets to make profits out of the price

Arbitration settling a dispute by using a referee. If a dispute goes to arbitration it is settled by an independent referee. It avoids having to use the courts to settle the dispute.

Arbitrator – the independent referee who settles a dispute without the need to use the courts.

Arraignment – a procedure at the start of a trial when details of the offences are read out and the defendants are asked whether they will plead guilty or not guilty.

Arrest –  to seize someone, usually because they are suspected of committing a crime, and take them into custody.

Arrestable offence – a crime for which a person may be arrested without a warrant being needed.

Arson –  setting fire to something to cause damage to it.

Articles –  the clauses in a document. A company’s articles set out its rules. The articles form part of the memorandum and articles of association.

Articles of association – documents which set out a company’s rules.

Assault – when someone threatens another person with physical harm. Words on their own do not amount to assault but threatening gestures do, even if the person threatened is not touched.

Assent – a document used by personal representatives to transfer property to a beneficiary

Asset –  something owned such as a building, a vehicle or money in the bank.

Assign –  to formally transfer something, such as when ownership of property is transferred from one person to another.

Assignment  –  the formal transfer of the rights to something. An example would be a bank customer assigning to the bank the right to receive the benefits from a life insurance policy to give the bank security for a loan.

Assurance –  insurance cover for an event which will definitely happen, such as death.

Assure – to transfer the ownership of something.

Assured – the person whose life is insured or who is entitled to receive the benefit from the assurance cover.

Attachment of earnings –  a court order that deductions be made from a person’s earnings. The employer pays the money collected to the court and the court pays the money to the people it is owed to.

Attest – to sign to witness a signature on a document.

Attorney –  a person appointed to act for another person (such as when someone cannot look after their own affairs). A formal document called a power of attorney is used to appoint the attorney. It is also the name used for a US lawyer.

Attorney General – the chief legal adviser to the Government. He or she must be a Member of Parliament (or have a seat in the House of Lords) and must be a barrister.

Audit  – an independent examination of an organisation’s records and financial statements (report and accounts) to make sure that:

  • the financial statements show a fair reflection of the financial position at the accounting date;
  • the income and spending is shown accurately;
  • the financial statements meet any legal conditions; and
  • the financial statements are drawn up

Auditor’s report –  a report and opinion, by an independent person or firm, on an organisation’s financial records.

Autopsy – an examination of a dead body to find the cause of death.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 31 2018

1) NASA To Send First Mission To Study ‘Heart’ Of Mars

  • NASA is all set to send the first-ever mission dedicated to exploring the deep interior of Mars. Scheduled to launch on 5 May, InSight—a stationary lander—will also be the first Nasa mission since the Apollo moon landings to place a seismometer, a device that measures quakes, on the soil of another planet.
  • InSight or the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport mission, carries a suite of sensitive instruments to gather data.

2) Pak successfully test fires Submarine Launched Cruise Missile BABUR

  • Pakistan conducted successful test fire of indigenously developed Submarine Launched Cruise Missile (SLCM) BABUR having a range of 450 KMs. SLCM BABUR is capable of delivering various types of payloads and incorporates state of the art technologies.

3) Scientists identify new organ in Human Body

  • Scientists have identified a new organ in the human body, which they hope could help them understand the spread of cancer within the body. Layers long thought to be dense, connective tissues are actually a series of fluid-filled compartments that researchers have termed as “interstitium”.

4) Russia tests new intercontinental ballistic missile

  • The Defense Ministry said Friday’s launch from Plesetsk in northwestern Russiatested the Sarmat missile’s performance in the early stage of its flight.Sarmat is intended to replace the Soviet-designed Voyevoda, the world’s heaviest ICBM known as “Satan” in the West.
  • President Vladimir Putin said earlier this month that Sarmat weighs 200 metric tons and has a higher range than Satan, allowing it to fly over the North or the South Poles and strike targets anywhere in the world. He added that Sarmat also carries a bigger number of nuclear warheads, which are more powerful than the ones on Satan.
  • Putin also said Sarmat could carry an array of warheads capable of dodging missile defenses.

5) India, Pakistan can take two-way trade to $30 bn, if relations normalise: Envoy

  • LAHORE: Calling for removing non-tariff barriers between India and Pakistan, the Indian envoy here said on Friday both the countries need to shun violence and normalise relations in order to take the two-way trade to $30 billion from the present $5 billion.Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan Ajay Bisaria, addressing the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry(LCCI) here, also said that there is no better way of improving bilateral relations than mutually beneficial economic ties.
  • He said mutual relations between the two countries should be built on the basis of trade and economy, and violence and war should not be an option.Bisaria’s statement came at a time when relations between the two nuclear-power neighbours are at a low amid heightened tensions following claims and counter-claims by both the countries about harassment of each other’s diplomats.The Indian High Commissioner also said that India and Pakistan should have the future different from the past and must not carry the burden of history.”Both Pakistan and India need to take more steps to remove non-tariff barriers that are a major impediment to bilateral trade relations.

6) Israel Approves New West Bank Settlement for First Time in Over 20 Years

  • Israel’s security cabinet unanimously approved Thursday a new settlement in the occupied West Bank, marking the first time the country has established a West Bank settlement in more than two decades. It is unclear when construction of the settlement, which will be located near the existing settlement of Shiloh in the northern West Bank, will begin.

7) Prakash Javadekar Inaugurates Smart India Hackathon Grand Finale 2018-Software Edition

  • Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar has inaugurated the Smart India Hackathon Grand Finale 2018 -Software edition in New Delhi. He stated that Hackathon aims to build Digital India and to engage the youth directly in nation-building. it is intended to promote innovation, out-of-the-box thinking in young minds.
  • One lakh students from 1,200 colleges are participating at the world’s largest Hackathon. 

8) Long Term Capital Gains Tax To Come Into Effect From 01st April

  • Several Budget proposals, including the reintroduction of the tax on long-term capital gains (LTCG) exceeding Rs 1 lakh from the sale of shares, will kick in from 01st April 2018, the beginning of the 2018-19 financial year.
  • Besides, other tax proposals like the reduced corporate tax of 25 percent on businesses on a turnover of up to Rs 250 crore and a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 in lieu of transport allowance and medical reimbursement, will come into effect from 01st April 2018.

9) First National Conclave On Psychological Trauma, Child Protection, And Mental Illnesses In New Delhi

  • With an aim to provide a comprehensive synthesis of research, service provision, and clinical practice in addressing psychological trauma and subsequent mental illnesses in Indian children and adolescents, First, ever National conclave was held in New Delhi by the Ministry of Women & Child Development, in collaboration with the Dept. of Psychiatry.
  • The Conclave was inaugurated by Hon’ble Minister of State for Women and Child Development, Dr. Virendra Kumar. 

10) Shekhar Kapur To Head The Jury For 65th National Film Awards

  • Veteran director Shekhar Kapur has been appointed the chairman of the central panel of the 65th National Film Awards. The central panel comprises a chairperson and 10 other members, including five regional chairpersons who head the respective regional panels.
  • Film writer Imtiaz Hussain, known for his works in films like Astitva (2000) and Parinda (1989) will be the regional chairperson of South I panel. Mehboob, who penned the lyrics for the Hindi (dubbed) version of 1995 Tamil romantic drama Bombay, has been appointed as the regional chairperson of South II panel.

11) Madhya Pradesh Has The Highest Number Of Tribal Habitations In The Country

  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of  55770  fully covered tribal habitations with the safe drinking water in the country followed by Odisha and Jharkhand.
  • The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has informed that under the Scheme ‘National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), 10% of the total allocation of funds is earmarked to be used for the supply of drinking water to Scheduled Tribe (ST) dominated habitations.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 30 2018

1) ISRO’s GSLV Rocket Injects GSAT-6A Communication Satellite Into Orbit

  • On March 29, 2018, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-6A on board Geosynchronous rocket GSLV-F08 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  • GSLV-F08 (GSLV Mk-II), fitted with indigenously developed cryogenic third stage, injected GSAT-6A into orbit about 18 minutes after liftoff. The major change was High-thrust Vikas engine, which enhanced the performance capacity of the second stage by around six per cent as compared to previous version. Other major change was electromechanical actuation system (made with ISRO developed space grade lithium-ion (Li-Ion) cells) in place of electro-hydraulic actuation system.
  • ISRO said that the GSAT-6A was similar to the GSAT-6 put into orbit in 2015. It is a high power S-band communication satellite built on I-2K satellite bus. GSAT-6A weighs 2140 kg and has mission life of 10 years. It has a six-metre wide antenna that would unfurl once it is in space. It will provide mobile communication to India through, multi-beam coverage facility. In the coming days, ISRO scientists will fire the thrusters onboard the satellite to manoeuvre it to a geostationary orbit at an altitude of 36000km from earth. It is to be noted that this was the first mission for K Sivan after he took charge as ISRO Chairman in January, 2018.

2) Abiye Ahmed elected as Prime Minister of Ethiopia

  • On 27th March 2018, Abiye Ahmed was elected as the new prime minister of Ethiopia. Abiye Ahmed has been elected as prime minister of Ethiopia following the resignation of Hailemariam Desalegn last month. The council of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) elected Abiye Ahmed as chairperson to succeed Hailemariam Desalegn.
  • This automatically made Abiye Ahmed as the prime minister of Ethiopia. He is 41 years old. He joined the House of Representatives in 2010. Earlier, he was a lieutenant colonel in the Ethiopian National Defense Force.

3) American Rosemary DiCarlo Becomes First Female UN Political Chief

  • On 29th March 2018, Rosemary DiCarlo was named UN Political Chief, becoming the first female UN Political Chief. Rosemary DiCarlo replaces Jeffrey Feltman. Rosemary DiCarlo is a former deputy US ambassador to the United Nations.
  • She was also deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs and director for United Nations affairs at the national security council in Washington.She has been the president of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy since 2015. Her areas of expertise are Russia, former Soviet Union and the Middle East. She speaks Russian and French.

4) K2-229b: Hot, metallic Earth-sized planet discovered

  • Scientists have discovered a hot, metallic, Earth-sized planet named “K2-229b” that orbits a dwarf star located 260 million light years away.  K2-229b is nearly 20 % larger in size than Earth and has a mass which is nearly two-and-a-half times greater. Its day side temperature is more than 2000 degrees Celsius. It is located very close to its host star 0.012 AU. This distance is nearly a hundredth of the distance between the Earth and the Sun. 0.012 AU is a medium-sized active K dwarf in the Virgo Constellation. K2-229b orbits the star every 14 hours.
  • Researchers from Aix-Marseille Universite in France and the University of Warwick in the UK utilized the K2 telescope and used Doppler spectroscopy technique to discover K2-229b. Doppler spectroscopy technique is also known as the ‘wobble method’. K2-229b is said to bear similarities with Mercury. Hence, scientists hope that this will be useful in studying about Mercury also. The dense, metallic nature of K2-229b is said to denote that, its atmosphere might have been eroded by heavy stellar wind, as the planet is very close to its star. Also, it is said that, K2-229b might have been formed after a big impact between two giant astronomical bodies in space billions of years ago.

5) India increases its annual contribution to UNRWA

  • On 28th March 2018, the External Affairs Ministry announced that, India has increased its annual contribution to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) from $1.5 million to $5 million for a period of 3 years from 2018-19. This announcement was made by India at the extraordinary Ministerial Conference held in Rome on 15th March 2018. India has increased its annual contribution due to the unexpected financial crisis being faced by UNRWA.
  • It is said that the, four-time increase in India’s contribution is based on External Affairs Ministry’s commitment to increase support to UNRWA at the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Ministerial meeting held at Palestine on 19th September 2017. It is also a part of India’s increased engagement with Palestine, especially after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Palestine on 10thFebruary 2018.

6) Cabinet Approvals with Foreign Countries

  1. Cabinet approves MoU between India and Zambia in the field of Judicial Cooperation
  2. Cabinet approves MoU between India and United Kingdom and Northern Ireland
  3. Cabinet approves MoU between India and South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme.This MoU is regarding cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region.
  4. Union Cabinet has given its ex-post approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Canada to establish bilateral cooperation in the field of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).

7) Cabinet Approvals 

  1.  Union Cabinet has approved the restructuring of National Skill Development Fund (NSDF)and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  2. Union cabinet has approved certain amendments to the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill. NMC is expected to replace the much criticised Medical Council of India.
  3. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of Credit Guarantee Fund for Education Loans (CGFEL) Scheme and continuation and modification of Central Sector Interest Subsidy (CSIS) Scheme.
  4. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal of Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry for removal of prohibition on export of all varieties of edible oils except mustard oil.
  5. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the proposal of Department of School Education and Literacy to formulate a Integrated Scheme on School Education.
  6.  On March 28, 2018, CCEA gave approval for enhancing the scope of Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY).
  7. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal of the Department of Agricultural Research and Education for continuation/strengthening (up to 2019-20) of 669 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) that were established till March 31, 2017.

8) Lt Gen Harpal Singh takes Charge as Director General Border Roads

  • In 1982, Lt Gen Harpal Singh was commissioned into the Corps of Engineers. Later, he commanded a Border Roads Task Force in Jammu & Kashmir valley. He has worked as Chief Engineer of Project Dantak (Border Roads Organisation) at Bhutan, Chief Engineer (Navy), Mumbai and Chief Engineer HQ Eastern Command.
  • He has served as Directing Staff at the College of Defence Management, Secunderabad. Before taking charge as Director General Border Roads (DGBR) he was Director General Military Training at Integrated Headquarters of Ministry of Defence (Army).

9) RBI Imposes Rs 58.9 Cr Penalty On ICICI Bank

  • The RBI has imposed a monetary penalty of Rs. 58.9 crore on ICICI Bank Limited for non-compliance with the directions issued by the RBI on direct sale of securities from its Held To Maturity (HTM) portfolio and specified disclosure in this regard.
  • The Central Bank stated this penalty has been imposed in the exercise of powers vested with the RBI under the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, taking into account failure of the bank to adhere to its directions/guidelines.

10) Govt Allows Export Of 2 Million Tonnes Of Sugar

  • The government has allowed export of two million tonnes of sugar until the end of the 2017-18 marketing year, in order to clear surplus stocks and improve cash flow to millers for making payment to sugarcane farmers. 
  • The government has also allowed export of white sugar till September 2018 under the Duty-Free Import Authorisation (DFIA) scheme, under which exporters are allowed to import sugar at zero duty within three years.

11) Muskan Bhanwala wins women’s 25m pistol event bagging India’s fourth individual gold at ISSF Junior World Cup

  • On 28th March 2018, Muskan Bhanwala won gold medal in the Women’s 25m Pistol event at the ISSF Junior World Cup in Sydney, Australia. Women’s 25m Pistol event: Muskan Bhanwala is 16 years old. She scored 35 hits and won gold medal in the Women’s 25m Pistol event. This is India’s fourth individual gold medal at the ISSF Junior World Cup.China’s Sihang Qin scored 34 hits and bagged the silver medal. Thailand’s Kanyakorn Hirunphoem scored 26 hits and won bronze medal. Another Indian shooter Manu Bhaker finished in the fourth position with 18 hits.
  • Team Gold: The team gold was won by India’s Manu Bhaker, Muskan Bhanwala and Devanshi Rana. Team Silver: Team Silver was won by India’s Arunima Gaur, Mahima Turhi Agrawal and Tanu Rawal. Team Bronze: Team bronze was won by Thailand’s Kanyakorn Hirunphoem, Viramon Kidarn and Luxciga Srinitivoravong.

12) 17th Sub-junior National Wushu Championship begins in Jammu

  • On 29th March 2018, 17th Sub-junior National Wushu Championship started in Jammu. 17th Sub-junior National Wushu Championship is conducted for 4 days. It is organised by the the Wushu Association of India jointly with J&K State Sports Council at MA Stadium.
  • The championship was inaugurated by J&K Youth Services and Sports Minister Imran Raza Ansari at a ceremony at Police auditorium, Jammu. Around 37 teams are taking part in the championship. It includes more than 1000 boys and girls from all over India and 12 boys from Army.

13) RBI to release limited edition coins to mark 350th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will soon roll out limited edition coins of Rs 350 denomination to mark the 350th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Circumference of the coin will be 44 millimetres and the weight of the coin could vary from 34.65 grams to 35.35 grams. It will be made up of Quaternary Alloy – Silver (50 per cent), Copper (40 per cent), Nickel (5 per cent) and Zinc (5 per cent). The front face of the coin shall bear the Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pillar in the centre with the legend “Satyamev Jayate” inscribed below. Lion Capital on the front face will be flanked by word “Bharat” in the Devanagari script on the left and word “INDIA” in English on the right periphery.
  • The front face shall also bear the Rupee symbol and denominational value “350” in International Numerals below the Lion Capitol. The reverse face of the coin shall bear the picture of “Takht Shri Harimandir Ji Patna Sahib”. Inscription “350TH PRAKASH UTSAV OF SRI GURU GOBIND SINGH JI” in Devanagari shall be written on the upper periphery and the same would be written in English language on the lower periphery of the coin. The reverse face shall also have year “1666” and “2016” in international numerals flanked on the left and right periphery.

14) NHAI Joins Hands With AAI For Green Corridor In Varanasi

  • On 28th March 2018, the government announced that, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has tied up with Airports Authority of India (AAI) to develop a green corridor covering 16.55 km in Varanasi. On 28th March 2018, a MoU was signed by NHAI and AAI for the construction of a green corridor along Varanasi Bypass covering 16.55 km of NH 56 and NH 29. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways said that, AAI would provide funds worth Rs 5 crore for plantations and maintenance work under their CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) funds for 5 years.
  • he NHAI and AAI have joined hands under “Adopt a Green Highway Programme” as a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiative of AAI. It is a step taken by Green Highways Division of NHAI to involve corporates, public sector units, governmental organisations and institutions under CSR and public private partnership for creating green corridor along National Highways.

15) EPFO Launches Portal For Pensioners

  • EPFO has launched the pensioner’s portal through which all EPFO pensioners may get the details of pension-related information. The pensioner’s portal is a recently launched service where details like pension payment order number, payment order details, passbook information and other related information are available.
  • The enhanced “Track eKYC” facility for the convenience of members have also been launched to check the status of Aadhaar seeded against their UAN. The facility has been made available at EPFO’s website www.epfindia.gov.in.

16) SEBI Allows Physical Settlement Of Stock Derivatives

  • The stock market regulator Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed physical settlement of both stock options and stock futures. At present only cash settlement of derivatives is allowed.
  • SEBI stated stock exchanges will also have the flexibility to offer a combination of cash settlement for stock options and physical settlement for stock or physical settlement for stock options and the cash settlement for stock futures.

17) Shekhar Kapur appointed Chairman of central panel of 65th National Film Awards

  • Director Shekhar Kapur has been appointed as the chairman of the central panel of the 65th National Film Awards. The central panel of 65th National Film Awards consists of a chairperson and 10 other members which includes five regional chairpersons.
  • Regional Chairpersons:
    1. Film writer Imtiaz Hussain – regional chairperson of South I panel
    2. Lyricist Mehboob – regional chairperson of South II panel
    3. Actress Gautami Tadimalla – regional chairperson of North panel
    4. Director Rahul Rawail – regional chairperson of Western panel
    5. Director P Sheshadri – regional chairperson of Eastern panel

RECENT LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS

 

1) Meagre closure for controversial Ayodhya (Ayodhya Ram Mandir Babri Masjid Case) – September 2010

  • Ruled that the land was to be divided into three parts.
  • The high court of Allahabad had ruled that the disputed land in Ayodhya where the Babri Masjid was situated before it was demolished in 1992 shall be divided into three parts. Two-thirds of the land was to be awarded to the Hindu plaintiffs and one-third to the Sunni muslim Waqf board.

2) Child sexual assault not to be taken lightly – 2011

  • Punishment not enough for child abusers.
  • The Supreme Court restored the conviction and sentence of six-year rigorous imprisonment imposed on two British nationals who were acquitted by the Bombay High Court in a paedophilia case. The Bench directed the accused to serve the remaining period of sentence. In a landmark judgment the Supreme Court observed “Children are the greatest gift to humanity. The sexual abuse of children is one of the most heinous crimes”.

3) Vodafone’s name cleared in tax battle (Vodafone-Hutchison tax case) – January 2012

  • Landmark decision on taxability of offshore transactions.
  • The Supreme Court ruled in favour of Vodafone in the two-billion-dollar tax case citing that capital gains tax is not applicable to the telecom major. The apex court also said that the Rs 2,500 crore which Vodafone had already paid should be returned with interest.

4) Mohd Ajmal Amir Kasab v State of Maharashtra – 2012

  • One of the most high-profile executions in the country.
  • The Supreme Court observed that the acts on November 26, 2008, had shaken the collective conscience of Indian citizens and had confirmed the death sentence awarded to prime accused Ajmal Kasab by the trial court and affirmed by the Bombay High Court, for waging war against India.

5) Clean chit to Prime Minister Narendra Modi – 2012

  • Questions remains and victims of families yet to get closure.
  • In April 2012 the Supreme Court appointed Special investigation Team (SIT) gave current Prime Minister Narendra Modi a clean chit in the post-Godhra Gulberg massacre case citing that it found no evidence against him. Narendra Modi went on to become the Prime Minister of India with a huge mandate.

6) NOTA Judgment – 2013

  • The right to reject candidates formalised.
  • In 2013, the Supreme Court introduced negative voting as an option for the country’s electorate. According to this judgment an individual would have the option of not voting for any candidate (None-Of-The-Above) if they don’t find any of the candidates worthy.

7) Patent troubles of Pharma company Novartis (Novartis v Union of India & Others) – 2013

  • Case accused of dealing a death blow to innovation in medicine.
  • Novartis’ application which covered a beta crystalline form of imatinib, a medicine the company brands as “Glivec”, which is very effective against chronic myeloid leukaemia (a common form of cancer) was denied patent protection by the Intellectual Property Appellate Board. The Supreme Court in its ruling upheld the board’s decision which eventually led to the medicine being made available to the general public at a much lower cost.

8) Illegalising convicted MPs and MLAs (Lily Thomas v Union Of India) – July 2013

  • Effected much-needed cleansing of legislative bodies.
  • The Supreme Court of India, in this judgment, ruled that any member of Parliament (MP), member of the legislative assembly (MLA) or member of a legislative council (MLC) who was convicted of a crime and awarded a minimum of two-year imprisonment, would lose membership of the House with immediate effect.

9) Uphaar fire tragedy (Sushil Ansal vs State Thr Cbi) – March 2014

  • Split judgment couldn’t reach a decision on sentencing.
  • August 2015: Eighteen years after 59 people were killed in a fire in Delhi’s Uphaar cinema, the Supreme Court held that the prime accused did not necessarily need to go back to jail as they were fairly aged. The court further held that “ends of justice would meet” if the accused paid Rs 30 crore each as fine.

10) Nirbhaya case shook the nation – March 2014

  • Judiciary spurred into action and laws were strengthened for sex offenders.
  • Four out of the five accused in the horrific gang-rape case of Nirbhaya were convicted and given the death sentence. The case also resulted in the introduction of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 which provides for the amendment of the definition of rape under Indian Penal Code, 1860; Code of Criminal Procedures, 1973; the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.

11) Recognising the Third gender (National Legal Services Authority v Union of India) – April 2014

  • Third gender acknowledged as citizens with rights.
  • In a landmark judgment the Supreme Court in April, 2014 recognised transgender persons as a third gender and ordered the government to treat them as minorities and extend reservations in jobs, education and other amenities.

12) Section 66A revised (Shreya Singhal v Union of India) – March 2015

  • Cracking down on “offensive” online content not easy.
  • Controversial section 66A of the Information Technology Act which allowed arrests for objectionable content posted on the internet was struck down as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in March 2015.

13) Yakub Memon sentenced to death (Yakub Abdul Razak Memon V State of Maharashtra and Anr) – July 2015

  • No reprieve for the accused in 1993 Mumbai serial blasts.
  • Yakub Abdul Razak Memon was convicted and sentenced to execution by hanging in March 2015 for his involvement in the 1993 Bombay serial blasts. His conviction sparked a nationwide debate on capital punishment in India.

14) Dance bars functional again – October 2015

  • After a gap of two decades, dance bars open.
  • The Supreme Court in July 2013 passed a judgment directing the state government to reopen dance bars in Maharashtra which had earlier been banned under the Maharashtra Police Act. The resultant ban by the Bombay High Court was stayed.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 29 2018

1) Seychelles opposition blocks military deal with India

  • On March 27, 2018, Seychelles’ opposition coalition (which holds a majority in Seychelles Parliament) stated that it would not ratify a deal signed with India to build military infrastructure on its Assumption Island. Agreement on Assumption Island Project in Seychelles was signed in 2015 during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Seychelles.
  • However, owing to opposition, a revised agreement, including several amendments was prepared in January 2018. Now the opposition is not ready to ratify it as in past few months there has been public protests in Seychelles against this projects based on fear that India would appropriate the Assumption Island .

2) Win Myint Elected As New President Of Myanmar

  • On 28th March 2018, Win Myint was elected as President of Myanmar by Myanmar’s parliament. Win Myint replaces Htin Kyaw as President of Myanmar. Last week Htin Kyaw resigned citing health reasons. Win Myint is 66 years old. He is former speaker of Myanmar’s House of Representatives. He is a member of National League for Democracy.
  •  He was made a vice-president of Myanmar last week. On 28th March 2018, the Myanmar Parliament voted for the three vice-presidents to elect one of them to the post of President. Win Myint secured 403 votes and defeated Myint Swe who obtained 211 votes and  Henry Van Tio who got 18 votes.

3) NASA to launch GRACE-FO mission to observe Earth’s frozen regions

  • On March 27, 2018, US space agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that during 2018, it will launch two new satellite missions to enhance the view of Earth’s frozen regions.
  • Firstly, NASA in collaboration with German Research Centre for Geosciences will launch the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO) mission (as a continuation of the original GRACE mission) which will track fluctuations in Earth’s gravity field in order to detect changes in mass, including the mass of ice sheets and aquifers.
  • Thereafter, Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) will be launched to measure the changing elevation of ice around the world. ICESat-2 will use a highly advanced laser instrument. These missions are significant as it will offer insights into changes in Cryosphere (portions of Earth’s surface where water is in solid form viz. sea ice, glaciers, ice caps etc.) which are impacting lives of people all around the world.

4) Steve Smith, David Warner hit with 12-month ban

  • On 28th March 2018, Steve Smith and David Warner were banned from playing for Australia by Cricket Australia after the ball-tampering scandal during the Cape Town Test against South Africa.  It was found out that sandpaper was used in an attempt to rough up the ball. Opener Cameron Bancroft has been given a nine-month ban for executing the plan in the third South Africa Test.
  • Steve Smith has been banned from captaining the Australian national team for two years. It is said that, David Warner, former vice-captain, will never be considered for any leadership position in the future. Steve Smith and Cameron Bancroft will have to wait 12 months for them to be considered for a leadership role.

5) India And ADB Sign $80 Million Loan Agreement

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed $80 million loan agreement to help modernize technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions and improve the skills ecosystem in the State of Himachal Pradesh.
  • The project will support the skill initiatives of Government of Himachal Pradesh and help the State step-up the reform and scale-up its skill development efforts.

6) India, China agree to renegotiate bilateral trade and investment agreement

  • On March 26, 2018, a meeting between Union Commerce and Industry Minister, Suresh Prabhu and China’s Trade Minister Zhong Shan was held in New Delhi. This meeting was held under the aegis of the China-India joint-group on Economic Relations, Trade, Science & Technology. During the meeting, both the countries agreed to renegotiate a bilateral investment agreement and jointly prepare a road map to reduce the massive trade imbalance in favour of China.
  • It is to be noted that India’s goods trade deficit with China for the first ten months of  20017-18 stands at $52 billion as against $0.6 billion in 2000-01. Besides, China has also pledged to look into the issue of granting greater market access to Indian farm products and try to resolve any issue that hurts the prospect of Indian pharmaceutical exports to China. This meeting was held in the backdrop of US plan to impose $50-billion tariffs on Chinese goods, a move which trade experts believe, would trigger a global trade war.

7) Ministry of Power partners with Skill India to support electrification scheme ‘Saubhagya’

  • On March 27, 2018, Union Ministry of Power partnered with the Union Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship to train the manpower in six states for speedy implementation of SAUBHAGYA scheme. SAUBHAGYA (Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna) aims to achieve universal household electrification in all parts of India in a time bound manner. Training the manpower in six states – Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh – under this initiative, will be undertaken as a special project under Central Government’s Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
  • Training will be provided to around 47000 Distribution Lineman-Multi Skills and 8500 Technical Helpers to meet the requirement of power sector. This partnership will be instrumental in addressing the issue of lack of trained manpower, which has been the main constraint in speedy implementation of the Government’s electrification programme under SAUBHAGYA.

8) Google Acquires GIF Search Platform Tenor

  • Technology giant Google has acquired US-based Tenor, a GIF platform for Android, iOS, and desktop.
    Tenor’s GIF-searching functionality will be integrated into Google Images and Gboard, the company’s virtual keyboard. However, Tenor will continue to operate as a separate brand and Google will invest in their technology.

9) SC appoints Justice Jawad Rahim as acting chairperson of NGT

  • On 27th March 2018, Justice Jawad Rahim was appointed as the acting chairperson of National Green Tribunal (NGT) by the Supreme Court. Justice Jawad Rahim is a judicial member of National Green Tribunal (NGT). He will perform his duties as acting chairperson of NGT until a regular appointment is made.
  • He will also participate in the selection process of other members of the NGT. However, it has been made clear that his appointment is an interim arrangement and a regular appointment will be made soon for the post of the Chairman of NGT.

10) Indu Bhushan Appointed CEO Of Ayushman Bharat Mission

  • Indu Bhushan was appointed as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Union Government’s ambitious Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission (ABNHPM). Bhushan, the Director General of East Asia Department, Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Manila, Philippines, has been appointed to the post for a period of two years.

11) President confers Gallantry Awards in Delhi

  • On March 27, 2018, President Ram Nath Kovind presented Gallantry Awards and distinguished service decorations at the Defence Investiture Ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. President Kovind presented three Kirti Chakra, 17 Shaurya Chakra, 14 Param Vishisht Seva Medals (PVSM), one Uttam Yudh Seva Medal (UYSM) and 22 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals (AVSM).These awards were announced on the eve of Republic Day.
  • Kirti Chakra is the second highest peacetime gallantry award (After Ashok Chakra), presented for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle. Kirti Chakra was presented to CRPF Commandant Chetan Cheetah and Major Vijayant Bist of the 4th Battalion of the Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry. Major David Manlun of the 164 Infantry Battalion of the Naga Regiment was honoured posthumously with the Kirti Chakra.

12) RBS India facilitates setting-up of WomenInTech Forum

  • Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) in India will facilitate to set up ‘WomenInTech (WIT) Forum that will work towards encouraging women to take up careers in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM).  WIT Forum will not only work towards creating awareness among young women about career opportunities in STEM but will also provide scholarships for economically weaker section.
  • It will also provide mentoring and upskilling to increase the employability of women in STEM careers. Professional consultancy network Deloitte is the knowledge partner for this initiative. In the context of this news, it is important to note that nearly 2.5-3 million new jobs will be created in the IT and IT enabled services sector by 2025.

13) NITI Aayog releases Baseline Ranking of Aspirational Districts

  • On March 28, 2018, NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant launched the baseline ranking for the Aspirational Districts based on published data of 49 indicators across five developmental areas of Education, Health and Nutrition, Agriculture and Water Resources, Basic Infrastructure and Financial Inclusion and Skill Development.
  • Mr. Kant also announced that the ‘Champions of Change’ Dashboard (created by NITI Aayog in partnership with the Government of Andhra Pradesh) for real-time data collection and monitoring will be open for public viewing from April 1, 2018.
    ii. District Collectors of all the aspirational districts will be able to input the latest available data of their respective districts through this Dashboard.

14) Two Indian activists shortlisted for Commonwealth Youth Awards 2018

  • Two Indian activists Mirnalini Dayal and Yogesh Kumar have been selected among 20 finalists for the Commonwealth Youth Awards 2018 for their contribution towards achieving gender equality.  Mirnalini Dayal and Yogesh Kumar have been selected from across 53 Commonwealth member-countries. Mirnalini Dayal has been chosen for her work as a campaign leader for ‘Health Over Stigma’. Yogesh Kumar has been shortlisted for establishing the social enterprise ‘Even Cargo’.
  • Both the finalists are based in Delhi. They were selected for their work towards achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal No. 5 on gender equality. The Commonwealth Youth Awards 2018 recognises people from 15 to 29 years of age whose work had a remarkable impact on their communities. All finalists will be granted 1,000 pounds to continue their development work along with a trophy and certificate. The Regional Young Persons of the Year will be granted 3,000 pounds, and the Commonwealth Young Person of the Year will receive 5,000 pounds. Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) will be held in April 2018 in London.

15) Veteran journalist V. Sriharsha passes away

  • On 27th March 2018, V. Sriharsha, a reputed journalist, died due to cardiac arrest, in New Delhi.  V. Sriharsha was 62 years old. He worked as a media consultant with the GMR Group after he had retired as Bureau Chief of ETV (Delhi). Earlier, he had worked with The Indian Express, Pioneer and Deccan Chronicle.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 28 2018

1) India ranks 67th in fixed line, 109th in mobile broadband speed: Ookla

  • According to internet speed testing analysis firm Ookla, India ranked 67th for fixed broadband and 109th for mobile internet speeds in February 2018 on Speedtest Global Index. Ookla’s Speedtest Global Index compares internet speed data from around the world on month-to-month basis through 7021 servers globally. As per the index, global average mobile internet download speed in February 2018 was 22.16 mbps while global fixed broadband download speed was 42.72 Mbps.
  • Fixed broadband download speeds in India has increased from average speeds of 18.82 megabit per second (Mbps) in November 2017 to 20.72 mbps in February 2018. It is to be noted that on both the modes, download speed in India is still below the global average. However, India attained second rank in terms of showing most improvement in mobile data speeds.
  • Norway topped the Speedtest Global Index, February 2018 for mobile internet with an average download speed of 62.07 Mbps, while Singapore ranked first for fixed broadband with a 161.53 Mbps average download.

2) Sri Lanka Navy sinks ship used by LTTE

  • On March 26, 2018, Sri Lankan Navy sunk a ship used by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in the western seas. The LTTE vessel, A522 named ‘We Ling” was taken by Sri Lankan Navy following the conclusion of the conflict and since then it had been anchored near the Colombo harbor under the Navy’s custody.
  • As the ship was in unusable condition, the Navy initially intended to sell it as scrap metal. However, as a suitable bid was not submitted, the decision was taken to sink the ship. The sunk ship will become home to a number of aquatic animals and corals. Sri Lankan Government is also considering plans to make the location a diving/tourist destination.

3) U.S., India hold naval training

  • On March 25, 2018, Indian Navy’s Talwar class frigate INS Tarkash carried out a greeting and training exercise with the U.S. Navy’s Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group (TRCSG). Till now, TRCGS was deployed in Arabian Gulf in operations against the Islamic State. It will now be in the U.S. 7th Fleet area, responsible for counter-piracy, and training operations.
  •  As a part of this exercise, INS Tarkash sailed in formation with aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt  and the guided-missile destroyers USS Preble, USS Halsey and USS Sampson. Besides navigating in specific formations, the exercise also included communication drills which offered unique opportunity to sailors from both the sides to enhance interoperability and learn from one another.

4) U.A.E. Completes First of Four Korean-Built Nuclear Reactors

  • The United Arab Emirates, with the help of Korea Electric Power Corp., has finished construction of its first commercial nuclear reactor. Unit 1 of the Barakah complex will start loading fuel in May 2018. On 26th March 2018, South Korean President Moon Jae-in participated in a ceremony to celebrate the facility’s completion.
  •  It has not been mentioned when this unit will begin power generation. The Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation will issue an operating license for Barakah Units 1 and 2 after all regulatory requirements are met. Barakah Unit 1 is the first of the four nuclear plants that U.A.E has planned to put in to operation by 2021. The estimated cost of these plants is $25 billion and will produce a combined 5,600 megawatts of power.

5) NASA, SpaceX collaborate “TESS” to search for exoplanets

  • NASA and SpaceX have tied up to search for exoplanets using NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). It has been planned to launch Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on 16th April 2018. TESS will stay between the moon and the Earth for a minimum of two years. It will scan for alien entities.
  • George Ricker, leader of the TESS team, said that, TESS would discover nearly 500 Earth-sized planets within 300 light-years from here. TESS will survey 200,000 of the brightest stars near the sun to search for exoplanets. It will find exoplanets that periodically block a part of the light from their host stars. These events are called transits.

6) Department of Posts launches Cool EMS Service between India and Japan

  • Ministry of Communications has introduced the Cool EMS Service between Japan and India with effect from 29.03.2018 that will allow Indian customers to import Japanese food items for personal use. Cool EMS service is a one-way service from Japan to India. It enables customers in India to import Japanese food items for personal use as allowed under Indian regulations.
  • In the initial phase, Cool EMS Service is made available only in Delhi. Food items will be carried by Japan Post in special cool boxes containing refrigerant to preserve the food. Recipient has to collect the parcel from Foreign Post office, Kotla Road, New Delhi within the prescribed time period. Features such as track and trace, etc. of Express Mail Service (EMS) are also available for Cool EMS service.

7) MHRD has approved ‘Study in India’ programme

  • The Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) has approved ‘Study in India’ programme to attract foreign students to study in India. This programme has several objectives including  doubling India’s market share of global education exports from less than 1 percent to 2 percent and improving global ranking of Indian educational institutes.
  •  Under this programme, meritorious foreign students will be given free waiver by respective institutes based on pre-defined criteria. Top 25% students will be given 100% waiver in tuition fees, next 25% will be given 50% waiver and another 25% below that will get 25% waiver. It is to be noted that inflow of foreign students under this programme will not affect the number of seats which are meant for Indian students.
  • Besides, expenditure on fee waiver will have to be borne by respective Institute by adjusting it against the existing fund allocation. However, Government has approved brand promotion expenditure of Rs. 150 crores for the ‘Study in India’ programme for 2018-19 and 2019-20.

8) India’s first insect museum opened in Tamil Nadu

  • On March 26, 2018, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswamy, unveiled an insect museum at the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in Coimbatore. The museum is fully dedicated to insects and claimed to be the first of its kind in India. It has been set up over 6691 sqft area at the cost of Rs. 5 crore.
  • Insects preserved as specimens and also live ones, depicting different developmental stages are displayed at this museum. The lobby of this insect  museum depicts the theme, “BUGS ARE KINGS”. The museum has state-of-the-art amenities including a mini auditorium to screen insect movies and documentary films.

9) Tribal Affairs Minister Jual Oram launches E-Tribes India on e-commerce platforms

  • On 27th March 2018, Tribal Affairs Minister, Jual Oram launched “E-Tribes India” in New Delhi. The Launch of E-Tribes India includes www.tribesindia.comwww.trifed.in and Retail Inventory Software and M-commerce app. ‘Tribes India’ Banners were also launched at Amazon, Snapdeal, Paytm & GeM. Also TRIFED’s Handbook for Retail Trade and TRIFED’s quarterly magazine ‘Tribes Haat’ were inaugurated.
  • TRIFED has developed its own e-commerce website: tribesindia.com. This website offers sale of all TRIFED products. Their Android App can also be downloaded from Google store (Tribes India). TRIFED has entered into agreements with Snapdeal and Amazon to sell their products on www.snapdeal.com and www.amazon.com. Ministry of Commerce has also enabled the sale of TRIFED products on www.gem.gov.in. Tribes India products are also available on Flipkart and Paytm.

10) Government releases Draft policy on Defence Production

  • Union Defence Ministry has released a draft policy aimed at promoting the domestic defence industry and positioning it to achieve a turnover of Rs 170000 crore in military goods and services by 2025. The aim of aim policy on Defence Production is to make India self-reliant in terms of Defence Production and also to emerge as one of the top five manufacturers of defence platforms in the world. Besides, increasing domestic defence production, another goal is to achieve export of Rs 35000 crore in military equipment and services by 2025. 
  • These goals are to be achieved with active participation of public as well as private sectors. Government has identified 12 military platforms and weapons systems for production, in which India will strive to attain self-reliance. These platforms/systems include fighter aircraft, warships, medium lift and utility helicopters, land combat vehicles, gun systems, missile systems, small arms, ammunition and explosives, electronic warfare (EW) systems, surveillance systems and night fighting enablers.

11) 11th Rashtriya Rifles Biennial Conference 2018 held in Jammu and Kashmir

  • On 26th and 27th March 2018, the 11th Rashtriya Rifles Biennial Conference 2018 was held in Nagrota, Jammu and Kashmir. 11th Rashtriya Rifles Biennial Conference 2018 was chaired by Chief of the Army Staff General Bipin Rawat.
  • Army Commander Northern Command, Director General Rashtriya Rifles, Corps Commander 15 and 16 Corps and all General Officers Commanding Counter Insurgency Forces took part in the conference.

12) MEA launches ‘Videsh Aaya Pradesh ke Dwaar’ in Hyderabad

  • On March 22, 2018, External Publicity and Public Diplomacy Division of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) launched an initiative, ‘Videsh Aaya Pradesh ke Dwaar’ in Hyderabad, Telangana with an aim to bring the domain of foreign policy closer to the people. Under this initiative, MEA will hold direct interaction with the local media (having wide readership profile) in different cities across India.
  • Through these interactions, MEA will communicate foreign policy priorities in simple terms and will highlight the benefits accruing to the common people through diplomatic efforts. Besides, a pool of media professionals interested in foreign policy will also be created.

13) Exim Bank extends $500 million loan facility to 15-nation group in Africa

  • On March 26, 2018, Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) announced that it will extend USD 500 million credit facility to ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID) to fund various development projects in Africa. EBID is the financial institution established by the 15 Member States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) comprising Benin, Cape Verde, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo
  • Funds procured through this line of credit (LoC) will be used to finance various development projects in the ECOWAS region. Including this Line of Credit, total value of LOCs extended by Exim Bank to EBID has reached USD 1000 million. 

14) Vijay Raghavan appointed as principal scientific advisor to Government

  • On 26th March 2018, K Vijay Raghavan was appointed as Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India. K Vijay Raghavan replaces R Chidambaram. He is 64 years old. He has been appointed as Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India for a term of 3 years.
  • The Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) post was created in 1999. PSA acts as the topmost advisor to the government on all issues regarding scientific policy. K Vijay Raghavan is a former director of National Centre for Biological Sciences. He served as Secretary of Department of Biotechnology from 2013 until last month.

15) GIFT and Deloitte sign MoU to promote IFSC operations

  • On March 26, 2018, Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT), India’s first operational smart city and International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP (DTTILLP)for mutual cooperation in areas related to international financial services.
  • GIFT City, located near Gandhinagar in Gujarat  is a global business district offering a platform for business opportunities in international and domestic business operations while DTTILLP is the Indian arm of multinational professional services network Deloitte. As per the terms of the MoU, GIFT-IFSC and DTTILLP will cooperate to provide quality professional services to support the establishment of businesses in IFSC.

16) Anushka Sharma features in Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia 2018 list

  • Bollywood actor-producer Anushka Sharma has featured in the Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia 2018 list, which enlists innovators who are reshaping their industries and changing Asia for the better.The annual Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia list features 300 young innovators from 10 categories who are re-inventing their industries and initiating change.
  • Anushka Sharma is one of the highest paid female actors of Indian film industry. She is 29 years old. Indian badminton player PV Sindhu also appears in the list. Pakistani singer Momina Mustehsan is also seen in the list.

17) Linda Brown, who fought to end US school segregation, dies aged 75

  • On 25th March 2018, Linda Brown, who helped to end US school segregation, passed away at Lexington Park Nursing & Post Acute Centre, in United States. Linda Brown was 75 years old. In 1950s, Linda’s father tried to enroll her in an all-white school near their home. But she was denied admission and was told to approach an all-black school that was far away.
  • Linda’s father filed a case against this in the court. On 17th May 1954, the Supreme Court declared that segregation was unconstitutional. This helped to end segregation in US schools. In 1988, Linda Brown along with her sister founded the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research.

 

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 27 2018

1) World’s Largest Cruise Ship ‘Symphony Of The Seas’ Sets Sail

  • The world’s biggest cruise-liner, Symphony of the Seas, has left the shipyard of Saint-Nazaire in France to embark on its maiden voyage in the Mediterranean. French shipbuilder STX handed over to U.S. giant Royal Caribbean International.
  • The ship, which weighs 228,000 tonnes, is 362 metres long just 20 metres shy of the length of the Empire State Building. It is marginally bigger than its sister ship, the Harmony of the Seas, which STX France delivered to Royal Caribbean in 2016.

2) ISSF Junior World Cup- Anish Bhanwala Wins Gold

  • India’s 15-year-old shooter Anish Bhanwala won a gold medal at the ISSF Junior World Cup in the 25 meter rapid fire pistol event in Sydney, Australia. It was India’s third gold at the event. Bhanwala was placed 7th in the same event at the ISSF Senior World Cup.
  • India is now placed second in the overall standings with 15 medals, comprising six gold, three silver and six bronze, behind China and ahead of top shooting nations such as Italy and hosts Australia.

3) Earth Hour 2018 observed across the world

  • On 24th March 2018, Earth Hour 2018 was observed all over the world. India pledged “Give Up To Give Back” on Earth Hour 2018. People all over the world observed the Earth Hour 2018 by switching off non-essential lights for an hour between 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm.
  • In India, Rashtrapati Bhavan, India Gate, Akshardham Temple in New Delhi and Buddha Statue in Hyderabad, Howrah Bridge in Kolkata and Gateway of India in Mumbai are the landmarks where lights were switched off between 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm.
  • The Earth Hour started in 2007 in Australia. The Earth Hour is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). The Earth Hour aims to create awareness on the importance of conserving the environment and wildlife. The worldwide campaign for Earth Hour 2018 trended as #CONNECT2EARTH.

4) India Becomes 3rd Largest Electricity Producer In The World

  • India has become the 3rd largest electricity producer in the world as its electricity production grew 34%over seven years to 2017. The country now produces more energy than Japan and Russia, which had 27% and 8.77% more electricity generation capacity installed, respectively, than India seven years ago.
  • Electricity production stood at 1,003.525 Billion Unit between April 2017-January 2018, according to a February 2018 report by India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), a trust established by the commerce ministry. With a production of 1,423 BU in FY 2016, India was the third largest producer and the third largest consumer of electricity in the world, behind China (6,015 BU) and the United States (4,327 BU).

5) India Becomes 4th Largest Auto Market In The World

  • India has overtaken Germany to become the fourth largest automobile market in the world, According to the latest global data. Automobile sales, including passenger and commercial vehicles, in Asia’s third-largest economy, grew 9.5%.
  • It is the fastest among major global markets, last year to more than 4 million units, outpacing Germany’s 3.8-million vehicle sales, which rose by a modest 2.8% in the same period.

6) German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier visits India

  • Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, President of Germany, was on a five-day official visit to India starting from 22nd March, 2018.Mr. Steinmeier was accompanied by his wife Elke Budenbender, a CEO delegation, Indologists and a media delegation. This was Mr. Steinmeier’s first visit to India as German President. Earlier he had visited India several times in his former capacity as the foreign minister and vice chancellor of Germany. Last German president to visit India was Joachim Gauck in February 2014.
  • On March 24, 2018, Mr. Steinmeier held a meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Sunder Nursery adjacent to Humayun’s tomb in Delhi. During this meeting, Mr. Steinmeier and PM Modi held discussion on several global, political and economic issues of mutual interest. Germany is India’s largest trading partner in Europe and the sixth largest trading partner in the world. Bilateral trade between India and Germany in 2016-17 stood at USD 18.76 billion. Besides, Germany is also the 7th largest foreign direct investor in India.

7) Sebastian Vettel Wins Australian Grand Prix

  • Sebastian Vettel (Ferrari) won a dramatic Australian Grand Prix after leapfrogging Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) during a safety car period.
  • Kimi Raikkonen of Ferrari was in the third position. Sebastian Vettel was the first man to meet the chequered flag in 2018.

8) London Based Organisation SACF Wins Frederick Pincott Award

  • South Asian Cinema Foundation (SACF), a London based organisation has received the Frederick Pincott Award for 2017 from the Indian High Commissioner, Y K Sinha for promoting Hindi cinema in Britain for the last 18 years. The SACF has been doing commendable work for nearly two decades to promote Hindi and regional Indian cinema in the UK.

9) PV Sindhu to be India’s flag-bearer at CWG opening ceremony

  • PV Sindhu has been chosen by IOA (Indian Olympic Association) as Indian contingent’s flag-bearer at the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games (CWG) 2018 at Gold Coast, Australia.
  • This will be the first time in the last three editions of the Commonwealth Games that a badminton player has been selected as the flag-bearer. She won bronze medal in the women’s singles badminton event at the Glasgow Commonwealth Games in 2014.

10) Malaysia proposes 10 years in jail for fake news

  • On March 26, 2018, Malaysia’s government proposed new legislation to counter fake news, under which, offender will be penalised with 10-year jail term. The bill defines fake news as any news, information, data and reports presented in the form of print, visuals or audio, which contains wholly or partly false content.
  • Individuals who create, offer, circulate, print or publish fake news or publications containing fake news will be penalised with a 10-year jail term, a fine of up to 500000 ringgit or both. Although incumbent Government has stated that this law is needed to protect public harmony and national security, opposition members consider it as an attack on the press and an attempt to instil fear among people before the general election in August 2018.

11) Economy to double to $5 trillion by 2025, no risk to inflation target: Finance ministry

  • On March 26, 2018, Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg stated that India is on track to double the size of its economy to $5 trillion by 2025. India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in value terms currently stands at USD 2.5 trillion, making it the sixth largest economy in the world.
  • According to Mr. Garg, Indian economy is now positioned to attain 7-8 per cent annual growth and with focus on start-ups, Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and investment in infrastructure development, it can even clock a higher growth in coming years. Mr. Garg also asserted that inflation will be contained within the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) target of 4 per cent, plus/minus 2 per cent and will thus not pose any risk to growth. In February 2018, consumer price based retail inflation (taken into account by RBI while formulating its monetary policy) was at 4 month low of 4.44 per cent.

12) India U-16 football team wins Jockey Cup International Youth Invitational Football Tournament

  • On 25th March 2018, India U-16 football team won the Jockey Cup International Youth Invitational Football Tournament in Hong Kong. India U-16 team defeated Hong Kong 4-2 in the final and won the Jockey Cup International Youth Invitational Football Tournament.
  • Bekey Oram scored 2 goals and Rohit Danu and Lalrokima scored one goal each for the Indian team. The team was coached by Bibiano Fernandes. This team remains unbeaten in 22 matches including friendly matches against National Youth Teams and International Club and Academy sides.

13) International Day of Solidarity with detained and missing staff members – March 25

  • On 25th March 2018, International Day of Solidarity with detained and missing staff members was observed all over the world. The International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members is an annual observance to mark the anniversary of the abduction of Alec Collett, a former journalist.
  • He was working for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). He was kidnapped by armed gunman in 1985.  His body was discovered in Bekaa Valley of Lebanon in 2009. This day aims to initiate action, demand justice and highlight the importance to protect UN staff and peacekeepers, also people who work for non-governmental community and the press.

14) Microsoft opens the Garage in Hyderabad

  • On 26th March 2018, Microsoft opened the ‘Garage’ at the Microsoft India Development Centre in Hyderabad, Telangana.The Garage was inaugurated at the Microsoft India Development Centre in Hyderabad by Telangana IT Minister K T Rama Rao.
  • It is a platform for Microsoft employees that encourages experimentation, working together across organisations and to discover ideas and develop prototypes, adding value to existing products.This facility has been developed on a 8,000 sq ft space. It will support Microsoft teams for different projects.

15) Chhattisgarh bags ‘Water Digest Award’ for best water conservation and irrigation facility

  • Chhattisgarh has won the National ‘Water Digest Award’ for Water Conservation-Diversion and increasing the irrigation capacity in Chhattisgarh. On 21st March 2018, Union Minister of State for Water Resources Arjun Ram Megwal presented the award to Chhattisgarh Water Resources Department Secretary Sonmoni Borah, in New Delhi.
  • ‘Water Digest’ magazine gives away this award every year. Chhattisgarh was presented this award for improving irrigation capacity, community participation, water management, water diversion, water conservation, work on inter-linking of rivers, enhancement of irrigation facilities, etc. This award is presented in association with Central Water Resources River Development and Ganga Cleaning Ministry, UNESCO, Central Water Board, Central Water Commission and Ganga Purification National Mission.
  • The award is recognised by the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). This is the first time Chhattisgarh Water Resources Department has received a national award.

16)  World’s oldest city Varanasi goes ‘wireless’

  • In Varanasi, overhead power cables are being taken off after underground lines have been laid for more than 16 sq km.Under the Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) of Indian government, Powergrid has laid 16 square kilometers of underground lines in Varanasi. This will be utilized by nearly 50,000 consumers.
  • In June 2015, Former Union minister of state for power and coal Piyush Goyal announced the Rs 432-crore project for underground cabling work under IPDS for Varanasi. Work on this project was started in December 2015. Atul Nigam, managing director of Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited, said that, line loss in the area covered by IPDS has reduced to 9.9% from 42.7%.

17) Veteran Journalist Ghulam Muhammad Mustafa Passed Away

  • On 18th March 2018, journalist Ghulam Muhammad Mustafa died at a hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana.
  •  Ghulam Muhammad Mustafa is a retired Indian Information Service officer of the 1969 batch. He started his career with the Press Information Bureau (PIB). Later he was elevated as Additional Information Director at PIB. He also worked as a News Editor at All India Radio and Doordarshan. He retired from service in 2005.

DETAILED ANALYSIS: FAADU MOCK # 02

First of all we would like to congratulate you for taking our first ALL INDIA MOCK and taking the first step towards cracking CLAT 2018. We are glad to present the complete analysis of this test to passionate aspirants like you. Let’s go !!

Total number of questions : 200

Marks per question: 1

Negative marking : 0.25

Highest score: 105.75

Average score: 65.5

Cut off for top 3 NLUs : 146

Cut off for next 5 NLUS : 131

Cut off for lower NLUs : 113

SECTIONWISE ANALYSIS:

NAME OF THE SECTION HIGHEST SCORE IN THE SECTION TEST TOPPER’S SCORE IN THE SECTION AVERAGE SCORE IN THE SECTION
Numerical ability 6.5 2.75 2
Logical reasoning 35 27.75 23
English language 15.75 14.5 8
General knowledge 32.25 32.25 17
Legal aptitude 30.75 28.5 23

LIST OF TOPPERS & THEIR SCORES:

NAME NUMERICAL

ABILITY

LOGICAL REASONING ENGLISH GK LEGAL APTITUDE TOTAL SCORE
Naman Mishra 2.75 27.75 14.5 32.25 28.5 105.75
Agraj Agrawal 6.5 35 9.5 25.5 22 98.5
Ashit Sharma -0.75 24.5 13.75 22.5 29 89

We congratulate the toppers as they win a free LEGAL VIDEO LECTURES from foolsden.com.

We wish others luck that they get to the topper list in our next edition of FAADU MOCKS.

Next FAADU MOCK # 03 will be conducted next Sunday (01/04/2018).

Until then, it’s ciao from

VISHAL

NLSIU, BANGALORE

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 26 2018

1) US launches WTO challenge against China over intellectual property breaches

  • On March 23, 2018, United States (US) challenged China at World Trade Organsiation (WTO) over intellectual property breaches. US has alleged that China is denying foreign patent holders (including US companies), basic patent rights that prevent Chinese entity from using the technology after a licensing contract ends. US has also accused China of violating WTO norms by imposing discriminatory contract terms against imported foreign technology.
  • Based on these issues, US believes that China is giving unfair treatment to US companies and innovators trying to do business in China. In context of this news, it is important to note that on March 22, 2018, Trump Administration in US slapped USD 60 billion imports tariff on China as a retaliatory action against the alleged theft of American intellectual property.

2) Venezuela to eliminate three zeros off currency

  • On March 22, 2018, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro decided to remove three zeros of the Venezuelan currency Bolivar fuerte with effect from June 4, 2018. This decision is aimed at controlling the prevailing hyperinflationary situation across Venezuela which witnessed 6147 percent price rise in last 12 months.
  • Situation has worsened to such an extent that common people in Venezuela are struggling to pay for food and find medicines. Currently, a dozen eggs can cost 250,000 bolívars in Venezuela. As per Mr. Maduro’s plan of eliminating three zeros, this price will come down to 250 bolivars. To implement this decision, Maduro has decided to take out of circulation the current bills and put into circulation new bills, wherein highest denomination currency note will be of 500 bolivars.

3) ISRO postpones launch of Chandrayaan-2 mission

  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that launch of India’s second lunar mission ‘Chandrayaan-2’, which was to be launched in April 2018, has been postponed to October 2018. The mission has been postponed as experts have suggested some additional tests before the launch. Chandrayaan-2 is a totally indigenous mission, under which, ISRO will for the first time attempt to land a rover on the moon’s south pole.
  • Estimated cost of ‘Chandrayaan-2’ mission is Rs. 800 crore. Objective of this mission is to collect scientific information on lunar topography, elemental abundance, mineralogy, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice. India’s first lunar mission Chandrayaan-1 was launched by ISRO in 2008.

4) 7th India-Egypt Joint Commission Meeting Held In New Delhi

  • The 7th India-Egypt Joint Commission Meeting led by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry was held in New Delhi.
  • Both the sides reviewed the progress in the areas of political, trade & investment, S&T, cybersecurity, capacity building, security, space and culture. India and Egypt are two of the world’s oldest civilisations that have enjoyed cordial relations based on commonality of views on regional and international issues.

5) Indians Least Criminal Among World’s Major Economies

  • As per data compiled by Institute for Criminal Policy Research, India has a significantly lower imprisonment rate and Indians are thereby the least criminal among world’s major economies. With imprisonment rate of 33, India seems to be better off than all major economies of the world.
  • Imprisonment rate refers to number of individuals behind the bars out of every one lakh individuals in the population. United States has the highest imprisonment rate (666) among major countries.
  • Total Prison Population: Even in terms of total number of prisoners, United States has topped the list with 2145100 prisoners. On this parameter, India came in at number five with 419623 prisoners. Interestingly, 67.2% prisoners in India are not convicted criminals; rather they are people awaiting completion of trial.

6) Three Minesweepers Decommissioned By Indian Navy

  • Three Minesweeper ships of Indian Navy, INS Konkan, INS Cannanore and INS Cuddalore, were decommissioned in a ceremony at Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam on March 23, 2018. INS Cannanore was commissioned on December 17, 1987, INS Cuddalore was commissioned on October 29, 1987 and INS Konkan was commissioned on October 8, 1988.
  • Each of these minesweepers sailed nearly 30000 nautical miles during their operational life spanning over three decades. The decommissioning ceremony was attended by 38 Officers and nearly 500 crew members who served on board these ships. Chief of Staff, Eastern Naval Command, Vice Admiral M S Pawar was the Chief Gueston the occasion and three retired commissioning Commanding Officers of these minesweepers were the guests of honour.

7) India among 20 nations to pledge USD 100 mn to Palestine Refugee Agency

  • India is among 20 nations that have pledged additional contribution to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). At the Extraordinary Ministerial Conference held in Rome, Italy on March 15, 2018, 20 nations together pledged nearly USD 100 million  for the cause. Qatar Pledged the highest additional contribution of USD 50 million while India pledged USD 5 million.
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed gratitude to the 20 nations who pledged USD 100 million for Palestinian refugees and thereby helped to cover the shortfall in donations from the United States. The shortfall was created as, Donald Trump Administration in US, announced to indefinitely withhold USD 65 million dollars contribution to UNRWA.

8) Rohtak set to host first World Series of Boxing clash

  • The National Boxing Academy in Rohtak, Haryana, is to host the World Series of Boxing (WSB) clash between Indian Tigers and the Astana Arlans from Kazakhastan on 31st March 2018.
  •  The World Series of Boxing clash is held in India for the first time. The Indian team’s campaign is led by Sanjeet (+91 kg). He will fight with Abikhair Turlanbekov in a clash of titans. The Astana Arlans are the World Series of Boxing (WSB) reigning champions. In the opening two clashes, the Indian Tigers lost 1-4. They faced their first defeat against Astana Arlans and then against the Patriot Boxing Team in Russia.

9) Bengaluru airport wins best award in regional category

  • On 21st March 2018, the Kempegowda International Airport was presented the Skytrax award for being voted as the best regional airport in India and Central Asia by air travelers, at the World Airport Awards at Stockholm in Sweden. Bangalore International Airport Ltd (BIAL) announced this information. Kempegowda International Airport is located at Devanahalli, Bengaluru.
  •  It is the third busiest airport in India. It has bagged this award for the second consecutive year and also in 2015 and 2011. The Skytrax awards is a passenger satisfaction assessment. It measures airport service excellence and quality. Airports were assessed based on survey conducted between August 2017 and February 2018.

10) Martin Vizcarra Sworn in as President of Peru

  • On 23rd March 2018, Martin Vizcarra was sworn in as the new President of Peru. Martin Vizcarra replaces Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigned on 21st March 2018 due to a corruption scandal. Martin Vizcarra took oath as President of Peru on 23rd March 2018. He promised to eliminate economic corruption from Peru.
  • Martin Vizcarra had served as vice president and Peru’s ambassador to Canada. Pedro Pablo Kuczynski submitted his resignation, after secret video recordings where showed to prove that he was involved in a corruption scandal.

11) Union Agriculture Minister Addresses 5th India Maize Summit 2018

  • Union Agriculture Minister, Radha Mohan Singh had addressed the 5th India Maize Summit in New Delhi. The aim of the summit was to harness the potential of maize, technological innovations, promoting producer aggregation and linkages that are required.

12) G.K. Reddy Memorial National Award for 2017 presented to journalist Karan Thapar

  • On 22nd March 2018, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh presented the G.K. Reddy Memorial National Award for 2017 to Karan Thapar for journalism, at an event held in Teen Murti Bhawan, New Delhi.
  • Karan Thapar is a senior journalist and television presenter. He has been awarded the G.K. Reddy Memorial National Award for 2017 for his contribution to journalism. The function was organised by T Subbarami Reddy, the founder of G K Reddy Memorial Award and TSR Foundation. He is also a Rajya Sabha member from Congress.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 24 2018

1) World Tuberculosis Day- 24 March

  • Each year we commemorate World Tuberculosis Day on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of tuberculosis (TB) and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic.

  • The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB. The theme of World TB Day 2018 – “Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world”.

2) John Bolton Replaces McMaster As US National Security Adviser

  • The 45th President of USA Donald Trump has announced that the former U.N. Ambassador John Bolton will be the New US National Security Adviser. He would replace present National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster.

3) ISRO Ties Up With BHEL

  • ISRO has entered into a Technology Transfer Agreement (TTA) with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), to transfer the technology for the manufacture of space grade Li-Ion cells. The TTA was signed at ISRO Headquarters, Bengaluru.
  • ISRO uses Li-Ion batteries as power sources for satellite and launch vehicle applications due to their high energy density, reliability and long cycle life. This Li-ion cell Technology Transfer will enable BHEL to produce space grade Li-Ion cells which can meet the country’s space programme requirements.

4)Global carbon emissions hit record high in 2017

  • International Energy Agency (IEA) has stated that Global energy-related carbon emissions rose to a historic high of 32.5 gigatons in 2017. 32.5 gigatons carbon emissions in 2017 marks a 1.4% increment over previous year. The rise in carbon emissions during 2017 has been largely attributed to higher energy demand and the slowing of energy efficiency improvements.
  • Global energy demand rose by 2.1 percent in 2017 to 14050 million tonnes of oil equivalent. 70 percent of this incremental demand was met by oil, natural gas and coal. In context of this news, it is important to note that Carbon dioxide emissions are the primary cause of global average temperature rise.

5) ‘We Are Sikhs’ campaign wins top US award

  • ‘We Are Sikhs’ campaign that was launched in April 2018 in America, has received the 2018 PRWeek US award, nicknamed the “Oscars of the Public Relations Industry”, in the category of Public Cause. “We are Sikhs” ad campaign was launched by National Sikh Campaign (NSC), a non-profit organization.
  • The campaign was conducted by Sikhs to inform Americans about their religion. The campaign was executed by FP1 Strategies. The campaign has bagged the award for projecting Sikhs as neighbours and everyday Americans who suffer from discrimination due to ignorance of their faith. The award was presented in New York recently.
  • USD 1.3 million was raised by Sikhs and also some Hindus for the campaign. The ad campaign was shortlisted among five finalists for the ‘Best for a Cause’ award.

6) ‘World’s best airport’ title goes to Changi, Mumbai ranked 63rd

  • Singapore Changi Airport has been rated as world’s best airport for the sixth consecutive year by UK-based consultancy firm Skytrax. Changi Airport, owned by Government of Singapore, is one of the world’s busiest airports by international passenger and cargo traffic. In 2017, Changi Airport served 60 million passengers from almost 100 countries across the world.
  •  The awards were announced at Skytrax World Airport Awards function held in Stockholm, Sweden. Changi Airport is followed by Incheon International Airport in South Korea at No.2 and Haneda Airport in Japan at No.3. Among Indian Airports, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai ranked 63rd, while Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru and Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi ranked 64th and 66th respectively.

7) 1st Indian Sign Language Dictionary Of 3000 Words Launched

  • The First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 words was launched by Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment at a function.
  • The dictionary has been developed by Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLR&TC) under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD). The basic aim of developing the ISL Dictionary is to remove communications barriers between the deaf and hearing communities as it is focused on providing more information in Indian sign language.

8) 1st National Conference On Drug Law Enforcement Inaugurated

  • The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Hansraj Gangaram Ahir inaugurated the two-day first National Conference on Drug Law Enforcement in Delhi. The conference is being organised by the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh will be the Chief Guest at the closing session. More than 50 State and Central law enforcement agencies involved in combating drug trafficking have confirmed their participation in this Conference.

9) Equitas Bank ties up with CSK, launches Yellow Army Savings Account

  • On March 22, 2018, Equitas Small Finance Bank (SFB) rolled out ‘Yellow Army Savings Account’ to commemorate its association with the Indian Premium League (IPL) franchise Chennai Super Kings (CSK). ’Yellow Army Savings Account’ will fetch interest rate of 6 per cent per annum for balance below Rs. 10 lakh and 6.5 per cent per annum for balance above Rs. 10 lakh.
  • Visa debit card of ’Yellow Army Savings Account’ carries personal accident cover of up to Rs. 5 lakh, air accident cover of Rs. 30 lakh and lost card liability of up to Rs. 25000. Besides, ’Yellow Army Savings Account’ holders can avail a range of exclusive offers on movie ticket-booking, entertainment and lifestyle purchases, food etc. As per an agreement between Equitas and CSK, Equitas will be the principal sponsor of CSK and the banking partner of CSK for three years.

10) DAE develops “Fluorimeter” device to measure uranium traces in water

  • Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has developed “Fluorimeter”, an instrument that measures traces of uranium in water.  Fluorimeter has been developed by the Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT). RRCAT is a unit of DAE based in Indore. Cost of the fluorimeter is Rs 1 lakh. It will detect traces of uranium in water.
  • It will be highly useful in regions like Punjab where uranium traces have been detected in water at dangerous levels. DAE has transferred its technology to another one of its unit, Electronics Corporation of India Ltd (ECIL), for mass production of Fluorimeter,. Fluorimeter can examine traces of uranium in a sample of water from 0.1 PPB (Parts-per-billion) unit to 100 PPB.

11) Navy warship INS Ganga decommissioned in Mumbai

  • INS Ganga, an indigenously built frigate of the Indian Navy, was decommissioned in Mumbai on March 22, 2018.  Commissioned on December 30, 1985, INS Ganga is a Godavari-class guided-missile frigate of the Indian Navy. It was Built in Mumbai by Mazagon Dock Limited.
  • Decommissioning ceremony of INS Ganga was attended by several officers who had earlier served on board the ship. Vice Admiral A K Bhal, who served on INS Ganga as crew member from 1989 to 1991 was the Chief Guest for the ceremony, while Vice Admiral (Retd.) K K Kohli, the first Commanding Officer of INS Ganga was the special Guest of Honour.

12) Balesh Sharma Named CEO Of Vodafone-Idea India Merged Entity

  • Vodafone Group Plc’s Indian unit and Idea Cellular, which are in the process of merging their operations to create the country’s biggest telecoms carrier, named Vodafone veteran Balesh Sharma as the new chief executive for the combined venture. Sharma is currently the chief operating officer at Vodafone India.
  • Akshaya Moondra, the current chief financial officer at Idea, will become the finance chief at the combined firm. Kumar Mangalam Birla, chairman of Idea’s parent Aditya Birla conglomerate, will be the non-executive chairman of the merged telecoms company.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 23 2018

1) 105th Indian Science Congress- DRDO Gets ‘Most Informative Pavilion’ Award

  • Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has received the ‘Most Informative Pavilion’ Award in Pride of India Expo organized as part of the 105th Indian Science Congress at Manipur University, Imphal.
  • DRDO participated in the expo showcasing cutting-edge indigenous defence technologies with over 150 exhibits and models from 18 DRDO laboratories.

2)Canadian Mathematician Robert Langlands Wins Abel Prize

  • Canadian mathematician Robert Langlands won the prestigious Abel Prize for developing a programme connecting representation theory to number theory. The programme has enlisted hundreds of the world’s best mathematicians over the last 50 years.
  • Now aged 81, Langlands will be awarded the 6.0-million-kroner Abel Prize by Norway’s King Harald in Oslo on May 22.

3)Government sets up task force to draft new Direct Tax Law

  • Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has stated that it has constituted a task force to review the Income Tax Act, 1961 and to draft a new Direct Tax Law which takes into consideration the prevailing economic scenario and economic needs of contemporary India.
  • CBDT believes that to prepare the draft of new Direct Tax Law, it is necessary to engage with stakeholders and general public. Thus it has invited suggestions and feedback from stakeholders and general public in the format provided on www.incometaxindia.gov.in. Suggestions/feedback in this regard may be sent through e-mail at rewriting-itact@gov.in by April 2, 2018

4) Government launches Sand Mining Framework to check illegal extraction

  • On 20th March 2018, Union Minister of Mines Narendra Singh Tomar launched a “sand mining framework” in order to help states to take action against illegal mining. Developed by: The Sand Mining Framework was prepared by the Ministry of Mines.
  •  It was developed after conducting study in several states and consultations with institutions like National Council for Cement and Building Materials, Cement Manufacture Association etc.
  • The suggestions in this framework will offer a roadmap to the states that will help them to develop their policies and will act as a check on illegal mining of sand.

5) In A First, Indian Oil Corporation Starts Home Delivery Of Diesel

  • State-owned Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has launched home-delivery of diesel on a pilot basis in Pune and plans to expand doorstep delivery of the fuel to other parts of the country in near future.
  • The country’s biggest oil company has mounted a diesel dispenser, similar to the one seen at petrol pumps, on a midsized truck along with a storage tank for delivering the fuel at customers doorsteps in Pune. This is the first company to have started doorstep delivery after receiving clearance from the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO).

6)World’s longest sandstone cave discovered in Meghalaya

  • The world’s longest sandstone cave named ‘Krem Puri’ has been discovered in Meghalaya.
  •  Krem Puri was discovered in 2016. However its actual length was found between 5th February and 1st March 2018. It was measured by the Meghalaya Adventurers’ Association (MAA). It is 24,583 metres long. This cave is over 6,000 metres longer than the world record-holder Cueva Del Saman, a sandstone cave in Edo Zulia, Venezuela.

7)MCX Launches World’s First Brass Futures Contracts

  • Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) has announced that it will commence futures trading in brass on March 26, 2018. The launch will be an important milestone as it will be for the first time that a Brass Futures contract will be traded on an organised exchange anywhere in the world.
  • Availability of Brass Futures contracts will not only help in price discovery but will also help brass merchants to hedge the risk arising out of price fluctuation. The lot size of the contract will be 1 MT (metric tonne) with expiries in April, May and June 2018.

8)BrahMos supersonic cruise missile successfully test-fired from Pokhran in Rajasthan

  • On 22nd March 2018, the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully test fired from Pokhran test range in Rajasthan. The BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile. It was developed in a joint-venture between India and Russia.
  • This missile has been named after the rivers Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia. It is a two-stage self-propelled guided missile. It can fly at almost three times the speed of sound at Mach 2.8. It has a range of 290 km. Work to integrate the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile on 40 Sukhoi combat aircraft is under progress.

9)India’s Elavenil Valarivan wins gold in ISSF Junior World Cup

  • On 22nd March 2018, Indian shooter Elavenil Valarivan won gold medal in the junior women’s 10m air rifle event at the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Junior World Cup Rifle/Pistol/Shotgun in Sydney, Australia.
  •  Also, Elavenil Valarivan along with Shreya Agrawal and Zeena Khitta won the team gold medal. Elavenil Valarivan shot 249.8 in the finals. Her 631.4 in the qualification set a new world record.

10)Pulitzer Prize Winner Les Payne Dies

  • Les Payne, a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and columnist for Newsday who fiercely championed racial equality has passed away. He was 76.  He won Pulitzer Prize for “Heroin Trail” series in 1974.

 

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 22 2018

1) Nitin Gadkari Inaugurated Inland Ferry Services In Goa

  • Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Shipping and Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari inaugurated Mormugao Port Trust and Drishti Marine’s ambitious inland ferry services in Goa.
  • The inaugural plaque was unveiled at the newly constructed Airport Ferry Terminal (AFT) at Baina beach in the distinguished presence of state ministers. The ferry service is aimed at adding quality experience to tourists visiting the coastal state.

2) NITI Aayog, Piramal Foundation Inks Agreement

  • NITI Aayog and Piramal Foundation have inked Statement of Intent (SoI) to work closely with District Collectors and key officers of ‘Aspirational Districts’ to support their transformation in terms of healthcare, education and nutrition.
  • Under the SoI with NITI Aayog, Piramal Foundation will work in close conjunction with district administration, Central Prabhari Officers, State Prabhari Officers, state government and concerned Central ministries to improve identified indicators by strengthening existing public systems specifically in health and nutrition and education sectors.

3) MSDE – Ministry of Agriculture inks MoU for skill development training programs

  • Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to conduct skill development training programmes for agriculture and allied sector.
  • As per the terms of the MoU, skill development training programmes will be conducted on a regular basis at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs).
  • The MoU will be instrumental in achieving government’s goal of developing agriculture as a private enterprise so that it attracts more youth. Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Radha Mohan Singh has expressed hope that this MoU will contribute in realising Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s dream of Kaushal Bharat-Kushal Bharat.

4) Vienna is world’s most liveable city: Quality of Living Survey by Mercer

  • As per 20th annual Quality of Living survey by Mercer, Austrian capital Vienna has been named the world’s best city to live in for the ninth consecutive year.Mercer’s annual Quality of Living survey assesses living conditions in 231 cities of the world on 39 factors, grouped under 10 broad categories.
  • The 10 categories are: Political and social environment, Economic environment, Socio-cultural environment, Medical and health considerations, Schools and education, Public services and transportation, Recreation, availability of Consumer goods, Housing and Natural Environment.
  • Findings of this survey enable multinational companies and other organisations to compensate employees appropriately when placing them on international assignments.
  • In this year’s edition, a separate ranking on City Sanitation has also been provided.This ranking is based on assessment of cities’ waste removal and sewage infrastructure, levels of infectious disease, air pollution, water availability and quality.
  • Most Liveable Cities – Top 5:
    1 Vienna, Austria
    2 Zurich, Switzerland
    3 Auckland, New Zealand
    4 Munich, Germany
    5 Vancouver, Canada

5) Kerala Declares Jackfruit As Official Fruit Of State

  • Jackfruit has attained a respected status with the state government declaring it as the official fruit of Kerala. Kerala has been producing around 30 to 60 crore jackfruits every year.As per the officials, the state can generate a revenue of around Rs 30,000 crore through value-added jackfruit products.

6) Singapore Airport Rated World’s Best, Mumbai Ranked 63rd

  • The Singapore Changi Airport has been named the world’s best airport for the sixth consecutive year by consultancy firm Skytrax. The Incheon International Airport in South Korea and Haneda Airport in Japan were placed second and third respectively.
  • While the Mumbai airport (Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Mumbai) has been ranked 63rd, the airports in Bangalore (Kempegowda International Airport) and Delhi (Indira Gandhi International Airport) are at 64th and 66th place respectively.

7) German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier On 5-Day Visit To India

  • German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier will arrive in New Delhi on a five-day visit to India. This will be his first visit to India as the President of Germany. He will visit Varanasi.
  • The German President is also scheduled to attend a business event in New Delhi and visit to Chennai. Germany is India’s largest trading partner in Europe and the 6th largest trading partner in the world.

8) 105th Indian Science Congress- NHAI Receives Best Design Pavilion Award

  • The NHAI (National Highways Authority of India) pavilion at 105th Indian Science Congress has been adjudged as Best Design Pavilion. The award was conferred by Dr. Najma Heptulla, Governor of Manipur.
  • The NHAI had put up an exhibition stall to showcase its Projects and other initiatives like Electronic Toll Collection, Wayside Amenities, Incident Management, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Road Safety etc.

9) China to build ‘world’s fastest’ wind tunnel

  • China has announced that, it is constructing the world’s fastest wind tunnel. It is said that, it would be the world’s fastest hypersonic wind tunnel. It would be used to help in the development of spacecraft.
  • A Chinese researcher has said that, the 265 meter-long tunnel would be used to test hypersonic aircraft that can travel up to a speed of 30,625 kph. This speed is 25 times the speed of sound.

10) World Water Day- 22 March

  • The World Water Day is observed on 22 March every year, to raise awareness about the importance of water. The theme this year is, ‘Nature for Water’ – exploring nature-based solutions to the water challenges the world faces in the 21st century.
  • An international day to celebrate freshwater was recommended at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro. The United Nations General Assembly responded by designating 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MARCH 21 2018

1) Karnataka cabinet approves separate religion status for Lingayats

  • On March 19, 2018, Karnataka State Government under Chief Minister Siddaramaiah (belonging to Congress Party) approved the separate religion status for the Lingayat community.
  • Lingayat community owes allegiance to the 12th century social reform movement initiated by Basaveshwara. The community constitutes about 17 percent of Karnataka’s population mainly residing in northern parts of the state.
  • Lingayats have been demanding a separate religion status since long time. Besides, a seven-member committee, formed by Karnataka State Minorities Commission which submitted its report on March 2, 2018 recommended that Lingayats in Karnataka may be considered as a religious minority.

2) Bihar Governor Satya Pal Mallik Gets Additional Charge Of Odisha

  • Bihar Governor Satya Pal Malik will discharge the functions of Odisha Governor in addition to his own duties till regular arrangements are made. Odisha Governor SC Jamir completed his tenure.
  • Mr Jamir has earlier served as chief minister of Nagaland for five times, was an union deputy minister in the cabinet Jawaharlal Nehru and governors of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa.

3) GIC Re To Operate From Lloyd’s In London

  • General Insurance Corporation is going to start operations at the Lloyd’s London office in April  2018 thereby increasing its share of international business. This will also facilitate Indian becoming a regional reinsurance center.
  • This will help GIC Re increase its share of international reinsurance business. The company had received approval to set up a syndicate at Lloyd’s of London in December 2017. GIC Syndicate 1947 will be the first Lloyd’s syndicate to be backed solely by capital from an Indian reinsurance group.

4) Indian Army Releases Book On Paramveer Chakra Awardees

  • General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Army Staff released a book on Paramveer Chakra Awardees – ‘Paramveer Parwane’. The book illustrates the bravery of Paramveer Chakra Awardees from 1947 to 1965. The book is written by Dr Prabhakiran Jain and is published by Medha Books.
  • The book has eleven short stories, poems, and songs highlighting the history of the battles in which the brave soldiers sacrificed their lives and have shown the utmost courage & leadership while facing the enemy during War to protect the motherland.

5) Myanmar President, Htin Kyaw Resigns

  • Myanmar’s President and Aung San Suu Kyi’s right-hand man Htin Kyaw stepped down after two years in the position. As per the official report, a new leader would be selected “within seven working days”

6) NCAA becomes World’s First Trusted Digital Repository

  • India’s National Cultural Audiovisual Archives (NCAA) has been certified as the world’s first Trusted Digital Repository as per ISO 16363:2012 standard, granted by Primary Trustworthy Digital Repository Authorisation Body Ltd. (PTAB), United Kingdom.
  • NCAA is a project of the Union Ministry of Culture, implemented by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA).
  • Objective of NCAA is to identify and preserve India’s cultural heritage available in audiovisual form through a process of digitization and making it accessible to the people. By end of March 2018, a corpus of 30000 hours of unpublished, non-commercial audio & video recordings will be made online at NCAA repository.

7) G-20 Ministers meeting held in Argentina

  • First G20 meeting of finance ministers and central bank governors under Presidency of Argentina was held on 19th and 20th March 2018 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • The meeting was attended by 22 finance ministers, 17 Central Bank Governors and 10 heads of international organizations, including International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director, Christine Lagarde and Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme, Achim Steiner.
  • Discussions at the this two-day meeting revolved around  infrastructure development and the future of work in the digital arena. Interestingly, concerns over U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to slap import tariffs on steel and aluminium, which may trigger a global trade war were not discussed at this meeting.

8) 106th Indian Science Congress To Be Held In Bhopal

  • General President-elect of Indian Science Congress Manoj Kumar Chakrabarti announced that the 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress will be held in January 2019 at Barkatullah University Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.The theme for 2019 ISC will be “Future India: Science & Technology”.

9) Government Approves Plastic Park To Be Set Up In Deoghar, Jharkhand

  • Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Parliamentary Affairs, Mr. Ananthkumar announced that the Government of India has approved the setting up of a Plastic Park in Deoghar District, Jharkhand.
  • The project would be set up at a cost of Rs. 120 crores in an area of 150 acres. Mr. Ananthkumar also announced the setting up of Rs. 3.5 crore Plastic Recycling unit at Deoghar to tackle the menace of plastic waste being generated due to the place being a tourist attraction.

10) Katrina Kaif becomes brand ambassador for international non-profit organization ‘Educate Girls’

  • Bollywood actress Katrina Kaif has been named the brand ambassador of ‘Educate Girls’, an international non-profit organisation.
  • As brand ambassador of Educate Girls, Katrina Kaif will work towards creating equal opportunities for girls to access quality education. Educate Girls involves the families, village leaders, local administration and school authorities in its efforts towards educating girls.

11) Team USA concludes Paralympic Winter Games Pyeong Chang 2018 with most successful performance in 16 years

  • On 18th March 2018, the Paralympic Winter Games Pyeong Chang 2018 in South Korea, concluded with Team USA having its most successful performance in 16 years.
  • Team USA consisted of 74 athletes. It grabbed a total of 36 medals and topped the overall medal count. This is Team USA’s highest medal count since 2002 when it won 43 medals.
  • It also topped the gold medal count for the first time since 1992. It topped the overall gold medal count and also the gold medals won on each day of the Games.